Provided by: ffmpeg_3.3.4-2_amd64 bug

NAME

       ffmpeg-bitstream-filters - FFmpeg bitstream filters

DESCRIPTION

       This document describes the bitstream filters provided by the libavcodec library.

       A bitstream filter operates on the encoded stream data, and performs bitstream level
       modifications without performing decoding.

BITSTREAM FILTERS

       When you configure your FFmpeg build, all the supported bitstream filters are enabled by
       default. You can list all available ones using the configure option "--list-bsfs".

       You can disable all the bitstream filters using the configure option "--disable-bsfs", and
       selectively enable any bitstream filter using the option "--enable-bsf=BSF", or you can
       disable a particular bitstream filter using the option "--disable-bsf=BSF".

       The option "-bsfs" of the ff* tools will display the list of all the supported bitstream
       filters included in your build.

       The ff* tools have a -bsf option applied per stream, taking a comma-separated list of
       filters, whose parameters follow the filter name after a '='.

               ffmpeg -i INPUT -c:v copy -bsf:v filter1[=opt1=str1:opt2=str2][,filter2] OUTPUT

       Below is a description of the currently available bitstream filters, with their
       parameters, if any.

   aac_adtstoasc
       Convert MPEG-2/4 AAC ADTS to an MPEG-4 Audio Specific Configuration bitstream.

       This filter creates an MPEG-4 AudioSpecificConfig from an MPEG-2/4 ADTS header and removes
       the ADTS header.

       This filter is required for example when copying an AAC stream from a raw ADTS AAC or an
       MPEG-TS container to MP4A-LATM, to an FLV file, or to MOV/MP4 files and related formats
       such as 3GP or M4A. Please note that it is auto-inserted for MP4A-LATM and MOV/MP4 and
       related formats.

   chomp
       Remove zero padding at the end of a packet.

   dca_core
       Extract the core from a DCA/DTS stream, dropping extensions such as DTS-HD.

   dump_extra
       Add extradata to the beginning of the filtered packets.

       The additional argument specifies which packets should be filtered.  It accepts the
       values:

       a   add extradata to all key packets, but only if local_header is set in the flags2 codec
           context field

       k   add extradata to all key packets

       e   add extradata to all packets

       If not specified it is assumed k.

       For example the following ffmpeg command forces a global header (thus disabling individual
       packet headers) in the H.264 packets generated by the "libx264" encoder, but corrects them
       by adding the header stored in extradata to the key packets:

               ffmpeg -i INPUT -map 0 -flags:v +global_header -c:v libx264 -bsf:v dump_extra out.ts

   extract_extradata
       Extract the in-band extradata.

       Certain codecs allow the long-term headers (e.g. MPEG-2 sequence headers, or H.264/HEVC
       (VPS/)SPS/PPS) to be transmitted either "in-band" (i.e. as a part of the bitstream
       containing the coded frames) or "out of band" (e.g. on the container level). This latter
       form is called "extradata" in FFmpeg terminology.

       This bitstream filter detects the in-band headers and makes them available as extradata.

       remove
           When this option is enabled, the long-term headers are removed from the bitstream
           after extraction.

   h264_mp4toannexb
       Convert an H.264 bitstream from length prefixed mode to start code prefixed mode (as
       defined in the Annex B of the ITU-T H.264 specification).

       This is required by some streaming formats, typically the MPEG-2 transport stream format
       (muxer "mpegts").

       For example to remux an MP4 file containing an H.264 stream to mpegts format with ffmpeg,
       you can use the command:

               ffmpeg -i INPUT.mp4 -codec copy -bsf:v h264_mp4toannexb OUTPUT.ts

       Please note that this filter is auto-inserted for MPEG-TS (muxer "mpegts") and raw H.264
       (muxer "h264") output formats.

   hevc_mp4toannexb
       Convert an HEVC/H.265 bitstream from length prefixed mode to start code prefixed mode (as
       defined in the Annex B of the ITU-T H.265 specification).

       This is required by some streaming formats, typically the MPEG-2 transport stream format
       (muxer "mpegts").

       For example to remux an MP4 file containing an HEVC stream to mpegts format with ffmpeg,
       you can use the command:

               ffmpeg -i INPUT.mp4 -codec copy -bsf:v hevc_mp4toannexb OUTPUT.ts

       Please note that this filter is auto-inserted for MPEG-TS (muxer "mpegts") and raw
       HEVC/H.265 (muxer "h265" or "hevc") output formats.

   imxdump
       Modifies the bitstream to fit in MOV and to be usable by the Final Cut Pro decoder. This
       filter only applies to the mpeg2video codec, and is likely not needed for Final Cut Pro 7
       and newer with the appropriate -tag:v.

       For example, to remux 30 MB/sec NTSC IMX to MOV:

               ffmpeg -i input.mxf -c copy -bsf:v imxdump -tag:v mx3n output.mov

   mjpeg2jpeg
       Convert MJPEG/AVI1 packets to full JPEG/JFIF packets.

       MJPEG is a video codec wherein each video frame is essentially a JPEG image. The
       individual frames can be extracted without loss, e.g. by

               ffmpeg -i ../some_mjpeg.avi -c:v copy frames_%d.jpg

       Unfortunately, these chunks are incomplete JPEG images, because they lack the DHT segment
       required for decoding. Quoting from
       <http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/fdd/fdd000063.shtml>:

       Avery Lee, writing in the rec.video.desktop newsgroup in 2001, commented that "MJPEG, or
       at least the MJPEG in AVIs having the MJPG fourcc, is restricted JPEG with a fixed -- and
       *omitted* -- Huffman table. The JPEG must be YCbCr colorspace, it must be 4:2:2, and it
       must use basic Huffman encoding, not arithmetic or progressive. . . . You can indeed
       extract the MJPEG frames and decode them with a regular JPEG decoder, but you have to
       prepend the DHT segment to them, or else the decoder won't have any idea how to decompress
       the data. The exact table necessary is given in the OpenDML spec."

       This bitstream filter patches the header of frames extracted from an MJPEG stream
       (carrying the AVI1 header ID and lacking a DHT segment) to produce fully qualified JPEG
       images.

               ffmpeg -i mjpeg-movie.avi -c:v copy -bsf:v mjpeg2jpeg frame_%d.jpg
               exiftran -i -9 frame*.jpg
               ffmpeg -i frame_%d.jpg -c:v copy rotated.avi

   mjpegadump
       Add an MJPEG A header to the bitstream, to enable decoding by Quicktime.

   mov2textsub
       Extract a representable text file from MOV subtitles, stripping the metadata header from
       each subtitle packet.

       See also the text2movsub filter.

   mp3decomp
       Decompress non-standard compressed MP3 audio headers.

   mpeg4_unpack_bframes
       Unpack DivX-style packed B-frames.

       DivX-style packed B-frames are not valid MPEG-4 and were only a workaround for the broken
       Video for Windows subsystem.  They use more space, can cause minor AV sync issues, require
       more CPU power to decode (unless the player has some decoded picture queue to compensate
       the 2,0,2,0 frame per packet style) and cause trouble if copied into a standard container
       like mp4 or mpeg-ps/ts, because MPEG-4 decoders may not be able to decode them, since they
       are not valid MPEG-4.

       For example to fix an AVI file containing an MPEG-4 stream with DivX-style packed B-frames
       using ffmpeg, you can use the command:

               ffmpeg -i INPUT.avi -codec copy -bsf:v mpeg4_unpack_bframes OUTPUT.avi

   noise
       Damages the contents of packets without damaging the container. Can be used for fuzzing or
       testing error resilience/concealment.

       Parameters: A numeral string, whose value is related to how often output bytes will be
       modified. Therefore, values below or equal to 0 are forbidden, and the lower the more
       frequent bytes will be modified, with 1 meaning every byte is modified.

               ffmpeg -i INPUT -c copy -bsf noise[=1] output.mkv

       applies the modification to every byte.

   remove_extra
       Remove extradata from packets.

       It accepts the following parameter:

       freq
           Set which frame types to remove extradata from.

           k   Remove extradata from non-keyframes only.

           keyframe
               Remove extradata from keyframes only.

           e, all
               Remove extradata from all frames.

   text2movsub
       Convert text subtitles to MOV subtitles (as used by the "mov_text" codec) with metadata
       headers.

       See also the mov2textsub filter.

   vp9_superframe
       Merge VP9 invisible (alt-ref) frames back into VP9 superframes. This fixes merging of
       split/segmented VP9 streams where the alt-ref frame was split from its visible
       counterpart.

SEE ALSO

       ffmpeg(1), ffplay(1), ffprobe(1), ffserver(1), libavcodec(3)

AUTHORS

       The FFmpeg developers.

       For details about the authorship, see the Git history of the project
       (git://source.ffmpeg.org/ffmpeg), e.g. by typing the command git log in the FFmpeg source
       directory, or browsing the online repository at <http://source.ffmpeg.org>.

       Maintainers for the specific components are listed in the file MAINTAINERS in the source
       code tree.

                                                                      FFMPEG-BITSTREAM-FILTERS(1)