Provided by: libcurl4-doc_7.55.1-1ubuntu2_all bug

NAME

       CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER - set custom HTTP headers

SYNOPSIS

       #include <curl/curl.h>

       CURLcode curl_easy_setopt(CURL *handle, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, struct curl_slist *headers);

DESCRIPTION

       Pass a pointer to a linked list of HTTP headers to pass to the server and/or proxy in your
       HTTP request. The same list can be used for both host and proxy requests!

       The linked list should be a fully valid list of struct curl_slist structs properly  filled
       in.  Use curl_slist_append(3) to create the list and curl_slist_free_all(3) to clean up an
       entire list. If you add  a  header  that  is  otherwise  generated  and  used  by  libcurl
       internally, your added one will be used instead. If you add a header with no content as in
       'Accept:' (no data on the right side of the colon), the internally used  header  will  get
       disabled.  With  this  option you can add new headers, replace internal headers and remove
       internal headers. To add a header with no content  (nothing  to  the  right  side  of  the
       colon), use the form 'MyHeader;' (note the ending semicolon).

       The  headers included in the linked list must not be CRLF-terminated, because libcurl adds
       CRLF after each header item. Failure to comply with  this  will  result  in  strange  bugs
       because the server will most likely ignore part of the headers you specified.

       The first line in a request (containing the method, usually a GET or POST) is not a header
       and cannot be replaced using this option. Only the lines following  the  request-line  are
       headers.  Adding  this method line in this list of headers will only cause your request to
       send an invalid header. Use CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST(3) to change the method.

       When this option is passed to curl_easy_setopt(3), libcurl will not copy the  entire  list
       so  you  must keep it around until you no longer use this handle for a transfer before you
       call curl_slist_free_all(3) on the list.

       Pass a NULL to this option to reset back to no custom headers.

       The most commonly replaced headers have  "shortcuts"  in  the  options  CURLOPT_COOKIE(3),
       CURLOPT_USERAGENT(3) and CURLOPT_REFERER(3). We recommend using those.

       There's  an  alternative  option  that sets or replaces headers only for requests that are
       sent with CONNECT to a proxy: CURLOPT_PROXYHEADER(3). Use CURLOPT_HEADEROPT(3) to  control
       the behavior.

SECURITY CONCERNS

       By  default, this option makes libcurl send the given headers in all HTTP requests done by
       this handle. You should therefore use this option with caution if you for example  connect
       to  the  remote  site  using a proxy and a CONNECT request, you should to consider if that
       proxy is supposed to also get the headers. They may be private or otherwise  sensitive  to
       leak.

       Use CURLOPT_HEADEROPT(3) to make the headers only get sent to where you intend them to get
       sent.

DEFAULT

       NULL

PROTOCOLS

       HTTP

EXAMPLE

       CURL *curl = curl_easy_init();

       struct curl_slist *list = NULL;

       if(curl) {
         curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, "http://example.com");

         list = curl_slist_append(list, "Shoesize: 10");
         list = curl_slist_append(list, "Accept:");

         curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, list);

         curl_easy_perform(curl);

         curl_slist_free_all(list); /* free the list again */
       }

AVAILABILITY

       As long as HTTP is enabled

RETURN VALUE

       Returns CURLE_OK if HTTP is supported, and CURLE_UNKNOWN_OPTION if not.

SEE ALSO

       CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST(3), CURLOPT_HEADEROPT(3), CURLOPT_PROXYHEADER(3), CURLOPT_HEADER(3)