Provided by: ldap-utils_2.4.45+dfsg-1ubuntu1_amd64 bug

NAME

       ldapsearch - LDAP search tool

SYNOPSIS

       ldapsearch  [-V[V]] [-d debuglevel] [-n] [-v] [-c] [-u] [-t[t]] [-T path] [-F prefix] [-A]
       [-L[L[L]]]       [-S attribute]        [-b searchbase]        [-s {base|one|sub|children}]
       [-a {never|always|search|find}]   [-l timelimit]  [-z sizelimit]  [-f file]  [-M[M]]  [-x]
       [-D binddn] [-W]  [-w passwd]  [-y passwdfile]  [-H ldapuri]  [-h ldaphost]  [-p ldapport]
       [-P {2|3}] [-e [!]ext[=extparam]] [-E [!]ext[=extparam]] [-o opt[=optparam]] [-O security-
       properties] [-I] [-Q] [-N] [-U authcid] [-R realm] [-X authzid] [-Y mech]  [-Z[Z]]  filter
       [attrs...]

DESCRIPTION

       ldapsearch is a shell-accessible interface to the ldap_search_ext(3) library call.

       ldapsearch  opens  a  connection  to  an  LDAP  server, binds, and performs a search using
       specified parameters.   The filter should conform to the string representation for  search
       filters  as defined in RFC 4515.  If not provided, the default filter, (objectClass=*), is
       used.

       If ldapsearch finds one or more entries, the attributes specified by attrs  are  returned.
       If  *  is  listed,  all  user  attributes  are  returned.  If + is listed, all operational
       attributes are returned.  If no attrs are listed, all user attributes  are  returned.   If
       only 1.1 is listed, no attributes will be returned.

       The  search  results  are displayed using an extended version of LDIF.  Option -L controls
       the format of the output.

OPTIONS

       -V[V]  Print version info.  If -VV is given, exit after providing version info.  Otherwise
              proceed with the specified search

       -d debuglevel
              Set  the  LDAP  debugging  level  to  debuglevel.  ldapsearch must be compiled with
              LDAP_DEBUG defined for this option to have any effect.

       -n     Show what would be done,  but  don't  actually  perform  the  search.   Useful  for
              debugging in conjunction with -v.

       -v     Run in verbose mode, with many diagnostics written to standard output.

       -c     Continuous  operation  mode. Errors are reported, but ldapsearch will continue with
              searches. The default is  to  exit  after  reporting  an  error.   Only  useful  in
              conjunction with -f.

       -u     Include the User Friendly Name form of the Distinguished Name (DN) in the output.

       -t[t]  A  single  -t  writes  retrieved  non-printable values to a set of temporary files.
              This is useful for dealing  with  values  containing  non-character  data  such  as
              jpegPhoto or audio. A second -t writes all retrieved values to files.

       -T path
              Write temporary files to directory specified by path (default: /var/tmp/)

       -F prefix
              URL  prefix for temporary files.  Default is file://path where path is /var/tmp/ or
              specified with -T.

       -A     Retrieve attributes only (no values).  This is useful when you just want to see  if
              an attribute is present in an entry and are not interested in the specific values.

       -L     Search  results are display in LDAP Data Interchange Format detailed in ldif(5).  A
              single -L restricts the output to LDIFv1.
               A second -L disables comments.  A third -L disables printing of the LDIF  version.
              The default is to use an extended version of LDIF.

       -S attribute
              Sort  the  entries  returned based on attribute. The default is not to sort entries
              returned.  If attribute is a zero-length string (""), the entries are sorted by the
              components  of  their  Distinguished Name.  See ldap_sort(3) for more details. Note
              that ldapsearch normally prints out entries as it receives them. The use of the  -S
              option  defeats  this  behavior,  causing all entries to be retrieved, then sorted,
              then printed.

       -b searchbase
              Use searchbase as the starting point for the search instead of the default.

       -s {base|one|sub|children}
              Specify the scope of the search to be one of base, one, sub, or children to specify
              a  base object, one-level, subtree, or children search.  The default is sub.  Note:
              children scope requires LDAPv3 subordinate feature extension.

       -a {never|always|search|find}
              Specify how aliases dereferencing is done.  Should be one of never, always, search,
              or  find  to  specify  that  aliases  are  never dereferenced, always dereferenced,
              dereferenced when searching, or dereferenced only when locating the base object for
              the search.  The default is to never dereference aliases.

       -l timelimit
              wait  at  most timelimit seconds for a search to complete.  A timelimit of 0 (zero)
              or none means no limit.  A timelimit of max means the maximum integer allowable  by
              the protocol.  A server may impose a maximal timelimit which only the root user may
              override.

       -z sizelimit
              retrieve at most sizelimit entries for a search.  A sizelimit of 0 (zero)  or  none
              means  no  limit.   A  sizelimit  of max means the maximum integer allowable by the
              protocol.  A server may impose a maximal sizelimit which only  the  root  user  may
              override.

       -f file
              Read  a  series  of  lines from file, performing one LDAP search for each line.  In
              this case, the filter given on the command line is treated as a pattern  where  the
              first  and  only  occurrence  of  %s  is replaced with a line from file.  Any other
              occurrence of the the % character in the pattern will  be  regarded  as  an  error.
              Where  it  is  desired  that the search filter include a % character, the character
              should be encoded as \25 (see RFC 4515).  If file is a single - character, then the
              lines  are  read  from  standard  input.   ldapsearch will exit when the first non-
              successful search result is returned, unless -c is used.

       -M[M]  Enable manage DSA IT control.  -MM makes control critical.

       -x     Use simple authentication instead of SASL.

       -D binddn
              Use the Distinguished Name binddn to bind to the LDAP directory.  For  SASL  binds,
              the server is expected to ignore this value.

       -W     Prompt  for simple authentication.  This is used instead of specifying the password
              on the command line.

       -w passwd
              Use passwd as the password for simple authentication.

       -y passwdfile
              Use complete contents of passwdfile as the password for simple authentication.

       -H ldapuri
              Specify URI(s) referring to the  ldap  server(s);  a  list  of  URI,  separated  by
              whitespace  or  commas is expected; only the protocol/host/port fields are allowed.
              As an exception, if no host/port is specified, but a DN is, the DN is used to  look
              up the corresponding host(s) using the DNS SRV records, according to RFC 2782.  The
              DN must be a non-empty sequence of  AVAs  whose  attribute  type  is  "dc"  (domain
              component), and must be escaped according to RFC 2396.

       -h ldaphost
              Specify an alternate host on which the ldap server is running.  Deprecated in favor
              of -H.

       -p ldapport
              Specify an alternate TCP port where the ldap server is  listening.   Deprecated  in
              favor of -H.

       -P {2|3}
              Specify the LDAP protocol version to use.

       -e [!]ext[=extparam]

       -E [!]ext[=extparam]

              Specify  general  extensions  with -e and search extensions with -E.  ´!´ indicates
              criticality.

              General extensions:
                [!]assert=<filter>    (an RFC 4515 Filter)
                !authzid=<authzid>    ("dn:<dn>" or "u:<user>")
                [!]bauthzid           (RFC 3829 authzid control)
                [!]chaining[=<resolve>[/<cont>]]
                [!]manageDSAit
                [!]noop
                ppolicy
                [!]postread[=<attrs>] (a comma-separated attribute list)
                [!]preread[=<attrs>]  (a comma-separated attribute list)
                [!]relax
                sessiontracking
                abandon,cancel,ignore (SIGINT sends abandon/cancel,
                or ignores response; if critical, doesn't wait for SIGINT.
                not really controls)

              Search extensions:
                !dontUseCopy
                [!]domainScope                       (domain scope)
                [!]mv=<filter>                       (matched values filter)
                [!]pr=<size>[/prompt|noprompt]       (paged results/prompt)
                [!]sss=[-]<attr[:OID]>[/[-]<attr[:OID]>...]  (server side sorting)
                [!]subentries[=true|false]           (subentries)
                [!]sync=ro[/<cookie>]                (LDAP Sync refreshOnly)
                        rp[/<cookie>][/<slimit>]     (LDAP Sync refreshAndPersist)
                [!]vlv=<before>/<after>(/<offset>/<count>|:<value>)  (virtual list view)
                [!]deref=derefAttr:attr[,attr[...]][;derefAttr:attr[,attr[...]]]
                [!]<oid>[=<value>]

       -o opt[=optparam]

              Specify general options.

              General options:
                nettimeout=<timeout>  (in seconds, or "none" or "max")
                ldif-wrap=<width>     (in columns, or "no" for no wrapping)

       -O security-properties
              Specify SASL security properties.

       -I     Enable SASL Interactive mode.  Always prompt.  Default is to prompt only as needed.

       -Q     Enable SASL Quiet mode.  Never prompt.

       -N     Do not use reverse DNS to canonicalize SASL host name.

       -U authcid
              Specify the authentication ID for SASL bind. The form of  the  ID  depends  on  the
              actual SASL mechanism used.

       -R realm
              Specify the realm of authentication ID for SASL bind. The form of the realm depends
              on the actual SASL mechanism used.

       -X authzid
              Specify the requested authorization ID for SASL bind.  authzid must be one  of  the
              following formats: dn:<distinguished name> or u:<username>

       -Y mech
              Specify  the  SASL  mechanism to be used for authentication. If it's not specified,
              the program will choose the best mechanism the server knows.

       -Z[Z]  Issue StartTLS (Transport Layer Security) extended operation. If you use  -ZZ,  the
              command will require the operation to be successful.

OUTPUT FORMAT

       If  one  or  more entries are found, each entry is written to standard output in LDAP Data
       Interchange Format or ldif(5):

           version: 1

           # bjensen, example, net
           dn: uid=bjensen,dc=example,dc=net
           objectClass: person
           objectClass: dcObject
           uid: bjensen
           cn: Barbara Jensen
           sn: Jensen
           ...

       If the -t option is used, the URI of a temporary file is  used  in  place  of  the  actual
       value.  If the -A option is given, only the "attributename" part is written.

EXAMPLE

       The following command:

           ldapsearch -LLL "(sn=smith)" cn sn telephoneNumber

       will  perform a subtree search (using the default search base and other parameters defined
       in ldap.conf(5)) for entries with a surname (sn) of smith.  The common name (cn),  surname
       (sn)  and  telephoneNumber  values  will be retrieved and printed to standard output.  The
       output might look something like this if two entries are found:

           dn: uid=jts,dc=example,dc=com
           cn: John Smith
           cn: John T. Smith
           sn: Smith
           sn;lang-en: Smith
           sn;lang-de: Schmidt
           telephoneNumber: 1 555 123-4567

           dn: uid=sss,dc=example,dc=com
           cn: Steve Smith
           cn: Steve S. Smith
           sn: Smith
           sn;lang-en: Smith
           sn;lang-de: Schmidt
           telephoneNumber: 1 555 765-4321

       The command:

           ldapsearch -LLL -u -t "(uid=xyz)" jpegPhoto audio

       will perform a subtree search using the default search base for entries with  user  id  of
       "xyz".   The  user  friendly  form  of  the  entry's DN will be output after the line that
       contains the DN itself, and the jpegPhoto and audio values will be retrieved  and  written
       to  temporary files.  The output might look like this if one entry with one value for each
       of the requested attributes is found:

           dn: uid=xyz,dc=example,dc=com
           ufn: xyz, example, com
           audio:< file:///tmp/ldapsearch-audio-a19924
           jpegPhoto:< file:///tmp/ldapsearch-jpegPhoto-a19924

       This command:

           ldapsearch -LLL -s one -b "c=US" "(o=University*)" o description

       will perform a one-level search at the c=US level for all entries whose organization  name
       (o)  begins  with University.  The organization name and description attribute values will
       be retrieved and printed to standard output, resulting in output similar to this:

           dn: o=University of Alaska Fairbanks,c=US
           o: University of Alaska Fairbanks
           description: Preparing Alaska for a brave new yesterday
           description: leaf node only

           dn: o=University of Colorado at Boulder,c=US
           o: University of Colorado at Boulder
           description: No personnel information
           description: Institution of education and research

           dn: o=University of Colorado at Denver,c=US
           o: University of Colorado at Denver
           o: UCD
           o: CU/Denver
           o: CU-Denver
           description: Institute for Higher Learning and Research

           dn: o=University of Florida,c=US
           o: University of Florida
           o: UFl
           description: Warper of young minds

           ...

DIAGNOSTICS

       Exit status is zero if no errors occur.  Errors result in a non-zero  exit  status  and  a
       diagnostic message being written to standard error.

SEE ALSO

       ldapadd(1),  ldapdelete(1),  ldapmodify(1), ldapmodrdn(1), ldap.conf(5), ldif(5), ldap(3),
       ldap_search_ext(3), ldap_sort(3)

AUTHOR

       The OpenLDAP Project <http://www.openldap.org/>

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

       OpenLDAP   Software   is   developed   and   maintained   by    The    OpenLDAP    Project
       <http://www.openldap.org/>.   OpenLDAP Software is derived from the University of Michigan
       LDAP 3.3 Release.