Provided by: fdpowermon_1.18_all bug


       fdpowermon - add a battery level icon to a system tray




       This program allows one to display a "battery level" icon in any
       status area. It can be themed through either a plain-text configuration file
       (/etc/fdpowermon/theme.cfg or $XDG_CONFIG_DIR/fdpowermon/theme.cfg), or through a short
       perl script (/etc/fdpowermon/ or $XDG_CONFIG_DIR/fdpowermon/  If
       $XDG_CONFIG_DIR is not set, $HOME/.config is used as a default.

       The former is easier, as it doesn't require any scripting; and indeed the default
       configuration is an example of such a plain-text theme.  However, the latter allows for
       more flexibility, as one can define callbacks that should be run when the battery level
       reaches a certain threshold.

       Themes, whether perl themes or plain-text themes, are built through 'steps', which are
       defined in a single line. In a plain-text config file, such a line looks like this:

        discharging = 2:missing.png:low.png, 10:low.png, 100:full.png

       This defines three steps. The highest step shows "full.png" when the battery level is
       between 11% and 100% (inclusive); the second step shows "low.png" when the battery level
       is between 3% and 10% (inclusive); and the third step will alternate between "missing.png"
       and "low.png" on three-second intervals, when the battery is between 0% and 2%.

       Since the line starts with "discharging", these steps are used when the system is running
       on battery power. A similar line of steps could be defined for when the battery is

        charging = 0:empty-charging.png, 10:low-charging.png, 100: full-charging.png

       this will show "empty-charging.png" when the battery is at 0% (exactly),
       "low-charging.png" between 1% and 10% (inclusive), and "full-charging.png" at 11% and

       Note that ordering is significant: steps should be defined from low to high.

       To complete the theme configuration, we must add a few more items:

        steps = 3
        dir = /home/wouter/.fdpowermon/mytheme-icons
        charging = 0:empty-charging.png, 10:low-charging.png, 100: full-charging.png
        discharging = 2:missing.png:low.png, 10:low.png, 100:full.png

       This defines a theme called "mytheme" which has three steps, and will look for images in
       the directory "/home/wouter/.fdpowermon/mytheme-icons". It is not possible to define a
       theme which has a different number of steps for the charging phase than it does for the
       discharging phase; if you want that, just define (an) extra step(s) for the phase that you
       would like to have less steps, which has the same icon as the step above or below.

       Note that ordering is significant here, too; the "steps" line should appear before any
       "charging" or "discharging" lines (this was not the case in fdpowermon 1.7 or below).

       If more than one theme is configured, fdpowermon will, by default, use the last theme
       defined in the per-user configuration, or (if no per-user configuration file exists) the
       last theme defined in the system-wide configuration.

       Perl theme config files can use fdpowermon::theme::make_default to change the default


       The @fdpowermon::theme::warnings array can be used to specify at which levels fdpowermon
       should issue a standard warning. The default is (10, 5, 1), which means to issue a warning
       at a level of 10%, 5%, and 1%. Note that if the battery runs flat at a particularly fast
       pace, the level may have reduced even further than that before the warning is issued;
       also, fdpowermon will issue a warning immediately when power is removed from the machine
       and the power is below the first level.

       To make fdpowermon always issue a warning when power is removed, set this to something
       like (100, 10, 5, 1). To make fdpowermon issue warnings at 20%, 10%, and 5%, set this to
       (20, 10, 5).

       Note that it is not possible to change the text of the warning. If you want that, see the
       fdpowermon::theme::warning sub, and use an event.

       The variable $fdpowermon::theme::use_notify can be used to decide whether to use a
       libnotify message (if set to a nonzero value), or a dialog window (if set to a value which
       evaluates to zero).

       The default is to use libnotify if the libnotify Glib introspection data is installed, or
       a dialog box if not. Because dialog boxes can steal the focus and therefore wreak havoc
       with the user's work, using libnotify is strongly recommended by the author.

       Note that if you set the variable to nonzero explicitly, then the test whether or not the
       Glib introspection data is installed will be ignored.  Make sure it's available in that

       Create a new fdpowermon theme. Returns a blessed reference; e.g.,

        my $theme = new fdpowermon::theme;

       Set the number of steps in the theme. Note that an fdpowermon theme must have an equal
       number of steps in both the "charging" and the "discharging" direction.

       Should be called before calling set_charging, set_discharging, or parse_step.

       Set the base directory used for icon file names.

       Set the icons that should be shown when the battery is charging. The argument should be
       created by way of the parse_step method.

       Set the icons that should be shown when the battery is discharging. The argument should be
       created by way of the parse_step method.

       Parses the given string into something that can be passed on to set_charging or
       set_discharging. The definitions should be in the steps format, described above, without
       the leading " charging = " or " discharging = ".

       While this method returns an arrayref that can be inspected and (probably) modified,
       themes that want to be forward-compatible should treat it as an opaque data structure.

   $theme->set_event($step, \&callback, 'd')
       Update the theme so the sub 'callback' is executed when we're discharging and we reach
       $step for the first time. To set an event when charging instead, pass a 'c' as the third

       Note that the steps are arrays, and are therefore 0-based; the lowest-numbered items are
       the lowest-level steps.

       When the event triggers, the callback routine will be passed two arguments: the first is
       the current battery level (in percent); the second is a number denoting whether the
       battery is currently charging (1) or discharging (0). In case the parsing of the ACPI
       command fails, however, the second argument may be undef; you should prepare for this
       possibility. Note that fdpowermon itself handles that case by assuming the battery is
       charging; you may or may not wish to do the same.

       Registers a theme under a given name. If a theme already exists under that name, it is

       Makes a theme with a given name be the default theme.

       Looks up a theme with the given name; e.g.,

        my $theme = fdpowermon::theme::get_theme("default");

       Produce a warning, either using libnotify, or using a dialog box:


       See the documentation on $fdpowermon::theme::use_notify above for details on which
       implementation is chosen.


       For a full .cfg theme example, look above.

       To construct the same theme fully from perl, you'd do something like this:

        my $theme = new fdpowermon::theme;
        $theme->set_charging($theme->parse_step("0:empty-charging.png, 10:low-charging.png, 100: full-charging.png"));
        $theme->set_discharging($theme->parse_step("2:missing.png:low.png, 10:low.png, 100:full.png"));

       (note, as a perl theme, this would go in, not theme.cfg; see above for possible
       locations for perl themes)

       However, unless you want to build the theme dynamically, doing it this way is not
       recommended. Instead, you would build the theme from a .cfg file, and possibly modify it
       from perl. Let's say you wish to add an event to suspend the system when the power gets
       low; in that case, you'd do something like this:

        sub suspend {
               system("sudo pm-suspend");

        my $theme = fdpowermon::theme::get_theme("mytheme");
        $theme->set_event(0, \&suspend, 'd');

       This would call the 'suspend' sub when the battery is discharging and we reach the lowest
       step (in the above example, that would be when the battery reaches 10%; you might want to
       do that somewhat later). This 'suspend' sub simply calls the "pm-suspend" program, with
       sudo, to suspend the system.