Provided by: fig2dev_3.2.6a-6ubuntu1_amd64 bug

NAME

       fig2dev - translates Fig code to various graphics languages

SYNOPSIS

       fig2dev  -L language [-m mag] [-s fsize] [-Z maxdimension]
               [-D +/-rangelist [-K]] [other  options]  [fig-file
               [out-file]]

DESCRIPTION

       fig2dev translates fig code in the named fig-file into the specified graphics language and
       puts them in out-file.  The default fig-file and out-file are standard input and  standard
       output, respectively

       Xfig (Facility for Interactive Generation of figures) is a screen-oriented tool which runs
       under  the  X  Window  System,  and  allows  the  user  to  draw  and  manipulate  objects
       interactively.   This  version  of fig2dev is compatible with xfig versions 1.3, 1.4, 2.0,
       2.1, 3.0, 3.1 and 3.2.

       Xfig version 3.2.3 and later saves and allows the user  to  edit  comments  for  each  Fig
       object.   These  comments  are  output  with  several  of  the  output  languages, such as
       PostScript, CGM, EMF, LaTeX, MetaFont, PicTeX, (as % comments), tk (as  #  comments),  and
       pic (as .\" comments).

GENERAL OPTIONS (all drivers)

       -L language
              Set  the output graphics language.  Valid languages are box, cgm, dxf, epic, eepic,
              eepicemu, emf, eps, gbx (Gerber beta driver), gif, ibmgl, jpeg,  latex,  map  (HTML
              image  map),  mf (MetaFont), mp (MetaPost), mmp (Multi-MetaPost), pcx, pdf, pdftex,
              pdftex_t, pic,  pict2e,  pictex,  png,  ppm,  ps,  pstex,  pstex_t,  pstricks,  ptk
              (Perl/tk),  shape  (LaTeX shaped paragraphs), sld (AutoCad slide format), svg (beta
              driver), textyl, tiff, tikz, tk (tcl/tk), tpic, xbm and xpm.

              Notes:
              dvips and xdvi must be compiled with the tpic support (-DTPIC) for epic, eepic  and
              tpic to work.
              You must have ghostscript and ps2pdf, which comes with the ghostscript distribution
              to get the pdf output and the bitmap formats (png,  jpeg,  etc.),  and  the  netpbm
              (pbmplus) package to get gif, xbm, xpm, and sld output.

       -h     Print help message with all options for all output languages then exit.

       -V     Print the program version number and exit.

       -D +/-rangelist
              With  +rangelist,  keep  only  those depths in the list.  With -rangelist, keep all
              depths except those in the list.  The rangelist may be a  list  of  comma-separated
              numbers  or  ranges  separated  by colon (:). For example, -D +10,40,55:70,80 means
              keep only layers 10, 40, 55 through 70, and 80.

       -K     The selection of the depths with the  -D  +/-rangelist  option  does  normally  not
              affect the calculation of the bounding box.  Thus the generated document might have
              a much larger bounding box than necessary. If -K is given then the bounding box  is
              adjusted to include only those objects in the selected depths.

       -G minor[:major][:unit]
              Draws  a  grid on the page.  Specify thin, or thin and thick line spacing in one of
              several units.  For example, -G .25:1cm draws a thin, gray line every .25 cm and  a
              thicker  gray  line  every 1 cm.  Specifying -G 1in draws a thin line every 1 inch.
              Fractions may be used, e.g. -G 1/16:1/2in will draw a thin  line  every  1/16  inch
              (0.0625 inch) and a thick line every 1/2 inch.
              Allowable units are: i, in, inch, f, ft, feet, c, cm, mm, and m.
              Only allowed for PostScript, EPS, PDF, and bitmap (GIF, JPEG, etc) drivers for now.

       -j     Enable the I18N internationalization facility.

       -m mag Set  the magnification at which the figure is rendered to mag.  The default is 1.0.
              This may not be used with the maxdimension option (-Z).

       -s fsize
              Set the default font size (in points, 1/72 inch) for text objects  to  fsize.   The
              default  is  11*mag,  and thus is scaled by the -m option.  If there is no scaling,
              the default font is eleven point Roman.

       -Z maxdimension
              Scale the figure so that the maximum dimension (width or  height)  is  maxdimension
              inches  or  cm,  depending  on whether the figure was saved with imperial or metric
              units.  This may not be used with the magnification option (-m).

       other options
              The other options are specific to the choice of  graphics  language,  as  described
              below.

OPTIONS COMMON TO ALL BITMAP FORMATS

       -b borderwidth
              Make blank border around figure of width borderwidth.

       -F     Use  correct  font  sizes  (points, 1/72 inch) instead of the traditional size that
              xfig/fig2dev uses, which is 1/80 inch.  The corresponding xfig command-line  option
              is -correct_font_size.

       -g color
              Use color for the background.

       -N     Convert all colors to grayscale.

       -S smoothfactor
              This  will  smooth  the  output  by  passing  smoothfactor  to  ghostscript  in the
              -dTextAlphaBits and -dGraphicsAlphaBits  options  to  improve  font  rendering  and
              graphic  smoothing.   A  value  of 2 for smoothfactor provides some smoothing and 4
              provides more.

GIF OPTIONS

       -t color
              Use color for the transparent color in the GIF file.  This must be specified in the
              same  format  that ppmmake(1) allows.  It may allow an X11 color name, but at least
              you may use a six-digit hexadecimal RGBvalue using the # sign, e.g. #ff0000 (Red).

JPEG OPTIONS

       -q image_quality
              use the integer value image_quality for the JPEG "Quality"  factor.   Valid  values
              are 0 - 100, with the default being 75.

CGM OPTIONS

       CGM  is  Computer  Graphics Metafile, developed by ISO and ANSI and is a vector-based plus
       bitmap language.  Microsoft WORD, PowerPoint and probably other products can  import  this
       format and display it on the screen, something that they won't do with EPS files that have
       an ASCII preview.

       -b dummyarg
              Generate binary output (dummy argument required after the -b).

       -r     Position arrowheads for CGM viewers that  display  rounded  arrowheads.   Normally,
              arrowheads  are  pointed, so fig2dev compensates for this by moving the endpoint of
              the line back so the tip of the arrowhead ends where the original endpoint  of  the
              line  was.   If the -r option is used, the position of arrows will NOT be corrected
              for compensating line width effects, because the rounded arrowhead  doesn't  extend
              beyond the endpoint of the line.

DXF OPTIONS

       DXF is the Drawing Interchange File Format.  The output to DXF is experimental.

       -a     Select ANSI A paper size instead of the default ISO A4.

       -d xll,yll,xur,yur
              Restrict plotting to a rectangular area of the plotter paper which has a lower left
              hand corner at (xll,yll) and a upper right hand  corner  at  (xur,yur).   All  four
              numbers  are  in inches and follow -d in a comma-separated list - xll,yll,xur,yur -
              with no spaces between them.

       -P     Rotate the figure to portrait mode. The default is landscape mode.

       -v     Plot the figure upside-down in portrait mode or backwards in landscape mode.

EMF OPTIONS

       EMF is Enhanced Metafile, developed  by  Microsoft  and  is  a  vector-based  plus  bitmap
       language.   Microsoft  WORD, PowerPoint and probably other products can import this format
       and display it on the screen, something that they won't do with EPS  files  that  have  an
       ASCII preview.

EPIC OPTIONS

       EPIC is an enhancement to LaTeX picture drawing environment.

       EEPIC  is  an  extension  to  EPIC  and  LaTeX picture drawing environment which uses tpic
       specials as a graphics mechanism.  It was written by Conrad Kwok of Division  of  Computer
       Science at University of California, Davis.  Conrad Kwok has also written the EEPIC driver
       of fig2dev.

       EEPIC-EMU is an EEPIC emulation package which does not use tpic specials.

       -A factor
              Scale arrowheads by factor.  The width and height of arrowheads is divided by  this
              factor.   This is because EPIC arrowheads are normally about double the size of TeX
              arrowheads.

       -E num Set encoding for text translation (0 =  none,  1  =  ISO-8859-1,  2  =  ISO-8859-2;
              default 1).

       -F     Don't  set  the  font  face,  series,  and  style;  only  set  it's  size  and  the
              baselineskip. By default, fig2dev sets all 5 font  parameters  when  it  puts  some
              text.  The  disadvantage  is  that you can't set the font from your LaTeX document.
              With this option on, you can set the font from your LaTeX document.

              If any of the pictures included in your LaTeX document has been generated with  -F,
              then all pictures must be generated with this option.

       -f font
              Set  the  default  font used for text objects to font, where font is one of rm, bf,
              it, sf or tt.  The default is rm.

       -l lwidth
              Use "\thicklines" when the width of the line is equal or wider  than  lwidth.   The
              default is 2.

       -P     Generate  a  complete  LaTeX file. In other words, the output file can be formatted
              without requiring any changes.

       -R     Allow rotated text. Rotated text will be set using the \rotatebox command.  So, you
              will  need  to  include  "\usepackage{graphics}"  in  the  preamble  of  your LaTeX
              document.

              If this option is not set, then rotated text will be set horizontally.

       -S scale
              Set the scale to which the figure is rendered.  This option automatically sets  the
              magnification and fsize to scale/12 and scale respectively.

       -t stretch
              Set the stretch factor of dashed lines to stretch.  The default is 30.

       -v     Include comments in the output file.

       -W     Enable  variable  line  width.  By default, only two line widths are available: The
              normal line width ("\thinlines"), and thick lines ("\thicklines"). See also the  -l
              option above.

       -w     Disable  variable  line width. Only "\thicklines" and/or "\thinlines" commands will
              be generated in the output file.

              When variable line width option is enabled, the "\thinlines" command is still  used
              when the line width is less than LineThick. One potential problem is that the width
              of "\thinlines" is 0.4pt but the resolution of Fig is 1/80 inch (approx.  1pt).  If
              LineThick  is set to 2, normal lines will be drawn in 0.4pt wide lines but the next
              line width is already 2pt. One possible solution is to set LineThick to 1  and  set
              the width of those lines you want to be drawn in "\thinlines"  to 0.

              Due to this problem, variable line width is disabled by default (-w).

IBM-GL (HP/GL) OPTIONS

       IBM-GL  (IBM  Graphics  Language)  is  compatible  with  HP-GL  (Hewlett-Packard  Graphics
       Language).

       -a     Select ANSI A paper size instead of the default ISO A4.

       -c     Generate instructions for an  IBM  6180  Color  Plotter  without  an  IBM  Graphics
              Enhancement Cartridge (IBM-GEC).

       -d xll,yll,xur,yur
              Restrict plotting to a rectangular area of the plotter paper which has a lower left
              hand corner at (xll,yll) and a upper right hand  corner  at  (xur,yur).   All  four
              numbers  are  in inches and follow -d in a comma-separated list - xll,yll,xur,yur -
              with no spaces between them.

       -f fontfile
              Load text character specifications from the table in the file fontfile.  The  table
              must  have 36 entries - one for each font plus a default.  Each entry consists of 5
              numbers which specify the
              1.) standard character set (0 - 4, 6 - 9, 30 - 39),
              2.) alternate character set (0 - 4, 6 - 9, 30 - 39),
              3.) character slant angle (degrees),
              4.) character width scale factor and
              5.) character height scale factor.

       -k     Precede output with PCL command to use HP/GL.

       -l pattfile
              Load area fill line patterns from the table in the pattfile file.  The  table  must
              have 21 entries - one for each of the area fill patterns.  Each entry consists of 5
              numbers which specify the
              1.) pattern number (-1 - 6),
              2.) pattern length (inches),
              3.) fill type (1 - 5),
              4.) fill spacing (inches) and
              5.) fill angle (degrees).

       -m mag,x0,y0
              The magnification may appear as the first element  in  a  comma  separated  list  -
              mag,x0,y0 - where the second and third parameters specify an offset in inches.

       -P     Rotate the figure to portrait mode. The default is landscape mode.

       -p penfile
              Load plotter pen specifications from the table in the penfile file.  The table must
              have 9 entries - one for each color plus a  default.   Each  entry  consists  of  2
              numbers which specify the
              1.) pen number (1 - 8) and
              2.) pen thickness (millimeters).

       -S speed
              Set the pen speed to speed (centimeters/second).

       -v     Plot  the figure upside-down in portrait mode or backwards in landscape mode.  This
              allows you  to  write  on  the  top  surface  of  overhead  transparencies  without
              disturbing the plotter ink on the bottom surface.

       Fig2dev  may  be installed with either ANSI A or ISO A4 default paper size.  The -a option
       selects the alternate paper size.  Fig2dev does not fill closed splines.  The  IBM-GEC  is
       required  to  fill  other polygons.  Fig2dev may be installed for plotters with or without
       the IBM-GEC.  The -c option selects the alternate instruction set.

LATEX OPTIONS

       -d dmag
              Set a separate magnification for the length of line dashes to dmag.

       -E num Set encoding for latex text translation (0 = no translation, 1 =  ISO-8859-1,  2  =
              ISO-8859-2; default 1).

       -F     Don't  set  the  font  face,  series,  and  style;  only  set  it's  size  and  the
              baselineskip. By default, fig2dev sets all 5 font  parameters  when  it  puts  some
              text.  The  disadvantage  is  that you can't set the font from your LaTeX document.
              With this option on, you can set the font from your LaTeX document.

              If any of the pictures included in your LaTeX document has been generated with  -F,
              then all pictures must be generated with this option.

       -f font
              Set  the  default  font used for text objects to font, where font is one of rm, bf,
              it, sf or tt.  The default is rm.

       -l lwidth
              Sets the threshold between LaTeX thin and thick  lines  to  lwidth  pixels.   LaTeX
              supports  only  two  different  line  widths: \thinlines and \thicklines.  Lines of
              width greater than lwidth pixels are drawn as \thicklines.  Also affects  the  size
              of dots in dotted line style.  The default is 1.

       -v     Verbose mode.

       LaTeX  cannot accurately represent all the graphics objects which can be described by Fig.
       For example, the possible slopes which lines may have are limited.  Some objects, such  as
       spline curves, cannot be drawn at all.  Fig2latex chooses the closest possible line slope,
       and prints error messages when objects cannot be drawn accurately.

MAP (HTML image map) OPTIONS

       Xfig version 3.2.3 and later saves and allows the user  to  edit  comments  for  each  Fig
       object.   The fig2dev map output language will produce an HTML image map using Fig objects
       that have href="some_html_reference" in their comments.  Any Fig  object  except  compound
       objects  may  used  for  this.   Usually,  besides generating the map file, you would also
       generate a PNG file, which is the image to which the map refers.

       For example, you may have an xfig drawing with an imported  image  that  has  the  comment
       href="go_here.html"  and  a  box  object  with  a  comment href="go_away.html".  This will
       produce an image map file such the user may click on the image and the browser  will  load
       the  "go_here.html" page, or click on the box and the browser will load the "go_away.html"
       page.

       After the map file is generated by fig2dev you will need  to  edit  it  to  fill  out  any
       additional information it may need.

       -b borderwidth
              Make blank border around figure of width borderwidth.

METAFONT OPTIONS

       fig2dev  scales  the figure by 1/8 before generating METAFONT code.  The magnification can
       be further changed with the -m option or by giving magnification options to mf.

       In order to process the generated METAFONT code, the mfpic macros must be installed  where
       mf  can  find  them.  The  mfpic  macro  package  is  available at any CTAN cite under the
       subdirectory: graphics/mfpic

       -C code
              specifies the starting METAFONT font code. The default is 32.

       -n name
              specifies the name to use in the output file.

       -p pen_magnification
              specifies how much the line width should be  magnified  compared  to  the  original
              figure. The default is 1.

       -t top specifies the top of the whole coordinate system.  The default is ypos.

       -x xmin
              specifies the minimum x coordinate value of the figure (inches). The default is 0.

       -y ymin
              specifies the minimum y coordinate value of the figure (inches). The default is 0.

       -X xmax
              specifies the maximum x coordinate value of the figure (inches). The default is 8.

       -Y ymax
              specifies the maximum y coordinate value of the figure (inches). The default is 8.

METAPOST OPTIONS

       -i file
              Include file content via \input-command.

       -I file
              Include file content as additional header.

       -o     Old mode (no latex).

       -p number
              Adds the line "prologues:=number" to the output.

PIC OPTIONS

       -f font
              Set the default font used for text objects to font, where font is one of R (roman),
              B (bold), I (italic), H (sans serif) or C (typewriter).  The default is R.

       -p ext Enables the use of certain PIC extensions which are known to work  with  the  groff
              package;  compatibility  with  DWB  PIC is unknown.  The extensions enabled by each
              option are:

           arc     Allow ARC_BOX i.e. use rounded corners
           line    Use the 'line_thickness' value
           fill    Allow ellipses to be filled
           all     Use all of the above
           psfont  Don't convert PostScript fonts generic type
                   (useful for files going to be Ditroff'ed for
                   and printed on PS printer). DWB-compatible.
           allps   Use all of the above (i.e. "all" + "psfont")

PICT2E OPTIONS

       PICT2E is an enhancement to the LaTeX picture environment.  It  is  enabled  by  inserting
       "\usepackage{pict2e}" in the document preamble. Depending on the content of the figure, it
       may be necessary to also include "\usepackage{color}" and "\usepackage{graphics}". Figures
       produced  with  the  PICT2E  driver  can be processed with any LaTeX engine, e.g., LaTeX +
       dvips, LaTeX + dvipdfm, pdflatex, xelatex, or ConTeX.  Pattern fills are not supported  by
       the  PICT2E  output language. The PICT2E driver renders patterns by filling the respective
       area with the pen-color at 25% intensity, i.e., a 75% tint of the pen-color.   The  PICT2E
       driver  allows  one to choose any font available to the LaTeX engine, including PostScript
       fonts. Apart from patterns and, possibly, text fonts, figures  produced  with  PICT2E  are
       identical to figures produced with the PostScript driver.

       -b borderwidth
              Make blank border around figure of width borderwidth*(1/72) inches.

       -C num Do  not  emit  a \color-command for the color number num. (0 = black, 1 = blue, 2 =
              green - see the color chooser widget in Xfig).  By default, fig2dev does not  issue
              a  \color-command  for objects which have the color set to "Default" in xfig.  With
              this option, the "\color"-command is also omitted for objects having the color num.
              The  color of these objects, as well as of those having the color set to "Default",
              is picked up from the including LaTeX-document.

              The option -C 0 is particularly useful.  By default, xfig starts with the color set
              to black.  Then, fig2dev emits "\color{black}" commands, and the color-package must
              be included in the document preamble.  For black text and black-and-white drawings,
              this is superfluous.

       -e     Do  not  try  to  be  compatible  with  epic/eepic.   By  default,  you can include
              "\usepackage{pict2e, epic, eepic}" (in this order!) in the  document  preamble  and
              mix  LaTeX pictures using the epic/eepic command set and pictures produced with the
              PICT2E output language within one document. With this  option  on,  epic  or  eepic
              pictures can not be mixed with PICT2E-pictures.

              By default, fig2dev avoids the use of the "\circle" and "\oval"-commands, which are
              defined by epic, in lieu  of  the  "\circlearc"-command  exclusive  to  pict2e.  In
              addition,  line  widths  are not only set using "\linethickness", but also with the
              eepic-command "\allinethickness" (if it is defined).

       -E num Set encoding for text translation  (0  =  no  translation,  1  =  ISO-8859-1,  2  =
              ISO-8859-2;  default  1).   For  instance, to use utf8-encoded text, first create a
              text object, then edit the text using the edit-button in xfig. Convert the fig-file
              to  pict2e  with  the  option -E 0 and include "\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}" in the
              LaTeX file (not necessary when using xelatex).  In xfig, the text typed in may  not
              be displayed correctly, but the document produced from the LaTeX file will show the
              same text as was typed in.

       -F     Do not set the font family, series or shape.  By default,  fig2dev  sets  the  font
              family,  series,  shape, font size and baselineskip.  With this option on, the text
              font  can   be   set   from   the   including   LaTeX-document,   e.g.,   "\itshape
              \input{fig1.pict2e}".  See also -o (no font size).

       -f font
              Set  the default font used for text objects to font.  The string font may be one of
              rm, bf, it, sf, tt, \rmfamily, \bfseries, \itshape, \sffamily, \ttfamily, or one of
              the 35 standard PostScript font names.  The default is \rmfamily.

       -i dir Prepend  the  string  dir  to  graphics  files included in the pict2e-picture.  For
              instance, having imported "image.jpg" in xfig, with - i '$HOME/Figures/'  the  code
              "\incudegraphics{$HOME/Figures/image.jpg}" will be generated.

       -o     Do not set the font size or baselineskip. Text will be rendered at the size that is
              in force where the pict2e-code is inserted into the LaTeX-document,  e.g.,  "\small
              \input{fig1.pict2e}".  See also -F (no font properties).

       -O     Do  not  quote  characters special to TeX/LaTeX.  Useful to get, e.g., an italic x,
              not $x$, because it was forgotten to set  the  text-flag  "special-text"  in  xfig.
              This option effectively sets the "special-text" flag for all text.

       -P     Pagemode, generate a stand-alone LaTeX-file as out-file. The document produced from
              the LaTeX-file will have the paper size equal to the figure's bounding box (but see
              the  -b  option  to  add  a  margin).   The  generated LaTeX-file calls the package
              "geometry.sty" to set the paper size.

       -R num Replace arrowheads num by LaTeX-arrows ("\vector").  The  number  of  an  arrowhead
              ("Arrow Type" in xfig) can be found by opening the arrow chooser widget in xfig and
              counting the arrows, starting from 1.  For instance,  to  replace  filled  triangle
              arrowheads with LaTeX \vector-commands, use -R 3.

       -r     Replace all arrows by LaTeX-arrows.

       -T     Only use TeX fonts, even where PostScript-fonts are specified.

       -v     Verbose  mode. Write comment lines into the output file, usually naming the type of
              the object that is drawn.

       -w     Remove the suffix from included  graphics-files.   With  this  option  on,  fig2dev
              generates   code   that   contains,   e.g.,  "\includegraphics{fig1}",  instead  of
              "\includegraphics{fig1.eps}".

PICTEX OPTIONS

       In order to include PiCTeX pictures into a document, it is necessary to  load  the  PiCTeX
       macros.

       PiCTeX  uses  TeX  integer register arithmetic to generate curves, and so it is very slow.
       PiCTeX draws curves by \put-ing the psymbol repeatedly, and so requires a large amount  of
       TeX's internal memory, and generates large DVI files.  The size of TeX's memory limits the
       number of plot symbols in a picture.  As a result, it is best to use  PiCTeX  to  generate
       small pictures.

       -a     Anonymous mode. Do not write the user name into the output file.

       -E num Set  encoding  for  latex text translation (0 = no translation, 1 = ISO-8859-1, 2 =
              ISO-8859-2; default 1).

       -f font
              Set the default font used for text objects to font, where font is one  of  rm,  bf,
              it, sf or tt.  The default is rm.

       -l dimen
              Set line thickness to dimen. Default "1pt".

       -p psymbol
              Set the psymbol.  Default "\makebox(0,0)[l]{\tencirc\symbol{'160}}".

       -r     Do  not  allow  rotated  text. Otherwise, files with PiCTeX macros and rotated text
              need to be processed with dvips.

GBX OPTIONS (Gerber, RS-247-X)

       Typically you will wish to set the y scale to -1.  See -g for more information.

       -d [mm|in]
              Output dimensions should be assumed to be millimeters (mm)  or  inches  (in).   The
              default is millimeters.

       -p [pos|neg]
              Select  the  image  polarity.  For positive images lines drawn in the fig file will
              generate lines of material.  For negative images lines drawn in the fig  file  will
              result  in removed material.  Consider etching a chrome on glass transmission mask.
              Drawing lines in the fig file and choosing 'neg' will result in these  lines  being
              etched through the chrome, leaving transparent lines.

       -g <x scale>x<y scale>+<x offset>+<y offset>
              This  controls  the  geometry  of  the  output, scaling the dimensions as shown and
              applying the given offset.  Typically you will wish to  set  the  y  scale  to  -1,
              mirroring about the x axis.  This is because Gerber assumes the origin to be bottom
              left, while xfig selects top left.

       -f <n digits>.<n digits>
              This controls the number of digits  of  precision  before  and  after  the  implied
              decimal point.  With -f 5.3 the following number 12345678 corresponds to 12345.678.
              Whereas with -f 3.5 it corresponds to 123.45678.   The  default  is  for  3  places
              before  the  decimal point and 5 after.  This corresponds, to a range of 0 to 1m in
              10 micron increments.

       -i [on|off]
              Controls the output of comments describing the type of objects being  output.   The
              text  appears  as  comments  starting  with ## on each line in the output file.  By
              default this is on.

POSTSCRIPT, ENCAPSULATED POSTSCRIPT (EPS), and PDF OPTIONS

       With PostScript, xfig can be used to create multiple page figures Specify the -M option to
       produce  a  multi-page  output.   For posters, add -O to overlap the pages slightly to get
       around the problem of the unprintable area in most printers, then cut and paste the  pages
       together.   Due  to  memory limitations of most laser printers, the figure should not have
       large imported images (bitmaps). Great for text with very big letters.

       The EPS driver has the following differences from PostScript:
           o No showpage is generated because the output is meant to  be  imported  into  another
           program or document and not printed
           o The landscape/portrait options are ignored
           o The centering option is ignored
           o The multiple-page option is ignored
           o The paper size option is ignored
           o The x/y offset options are ignored

       The EPS driver has the following two special options:

       -B 'Wx [Wy X0 Y0]'
              This  specifies  that the bounding box of the EPS file should have the width Wx and
              the height Wy.  Note that it doesn't scale the figure to this size, it merely  sets
              the  bounding  box.   If a value less than or equal to 0 is specified for Wx or Wy,
              these are set to the width/height respectively of the figure.  Origin  is  relative
              to  screen (0,0) (upper-left).  Wx, Wy, X0 and Y0 are interpreted in centimeters or
              inches depending on the measure given in the  fig-file.   Remember  to  put  either
              quotes (") or apostrophes (') to group the arguments to -B.

       -R 'Wx [Wy X0 Y0]'
              Same as the -B option except that X0 and Y0 is relative to the lower left corner of
              the figure.  Remember to put either quotes (") or  apostrophes  (')  to  group  the
              arguments to -R.

       The PDF driver uses all the PostScript options.

       Text  can now include various ISO-character codes above 0x7f, which is useful for language
       specific characters to be printed directly.  Not all ISO-characters are implemented.

       Color support: Colored objects created by  Fig  can  be  printed  on  a  color  postscript
       printer.  There  are  32 standard colors: black, yellow, white, gold, five shades of blue,
       four shades of green, four shades of cyan, four shades of red,  five  shades  of  magenta,
       four  shades  of  brown,  and  four shades of pink.  In addition there may be user-defined
       colors in the file.  See the xfig FORMAT3.2 file for the definition of these colors.  On a
       monochrome  printer,  colored  objects  will  be  mapped  into different grayscales by the
       printer.  Filled objects are printed using the given area fill and color.   There  are  21
       "shades"  going  from black to full saturation of the fill color, and 21 more "tints" from
       full saturation + 1 to white.  In addition, there are 16 patterns such as bricks, diagonal
       lines, crosshatch, etc.

       -A     Add an ASCII (EPSI) preview.

       -b borderwidth
              Make blank border around figure of width borderwidth.
              Not available in EPS.

       -C dummy_arg
              Add  a  color  *binary*  TIFF  preview  for  Microsoft  products that need a binary
              preview.  See also -T (monochrome preview).  A dummy argument must be supplied  for
              historical reasons.

       -c     option  centers the figure on the page.  The centering may not be accurate if there
              are texts in the fig_file that extends too far to the right of other objects.

       -e     option puts the figure against the edge (not centered) of the page.  Not  available
              in EPS.

       -F     Use  correct  font  sizes  (points, 1/72 inch) instead of the traditional size that
              xfig/fig2dev uses, which is 1/80 inch.  The corresponding xfig command-line  option
              is -correct_font_size.

       -f font
              Set  the  default  font  used for text objects to font, where font is one of the 35
              standard PostScript font names.  The default is Times-Roman.

       -g color
              Use color for the background.

       -l dummy_arg
              Generate figure in landscape mode.  The dummy argument is ignored, but must  appear
              on  the  command  line for reasons of compatibility.  This option will override the
              orientation specification in the file (for file versions 3.0 and higher).
              Not available in EPS.

       -M     Generate multiple pages if figure exceeds paper size.
              Not available in EPS.

       -N     Convert all colors to grayscale.

       -n name
              Set the Title part of the PostScript output to name.  This is useful when the input
              to fig2dev comes from standard input.

       -O     When  used  with  -M,  overlaps the pages slightly to get around the problem of the
              unprintable area in most printers.
              Not available in EPS.

       -p dummy_arg
              Generate figure in portrait mode.  The dummy argument is ignored, but  must  appear
              on  the  command  line for reasons of compatibility.  This option will override the
              orientation specification in the file (for file versions 3.0 and higher).  This  is
              the default for Fig files of version 2.1 or lower.
              Not available in EPS.

       -T     Add  a  monochrome  *binary* TIFF preview for Microsoft products that need a binary
              preview.  See also -C (color preview).

       -x offset
              Shift the figure in the X direction by offset PostScript  points  (1/72  inch).   A
              negative value shifts the figure to the left and a positive value to the right.
              Not available in EPS.

       -y offset
              Shift the figure in the Y direction by offset points (1/72 inch).  A negative value
              shifts the figure up and a positive value down.
              Not available in EPS.

       -z papersize
              Set the papersize.  Not available in EPS.
              Available paper sizes are:

                  Letter    (8.5" x 11" also A),
                  Legal     ( 11" x 14")
                  Ledger    ( 11" x 17"),
                  Tabloid   ( 17" x 11", really Ledger in Landscape mode),
                  A         (8.5" x 11" also Letter),
                  B         ( 11" x 17" also Ledger),
                  C         ( 17" x 22"),
                  D         ( 22" x 34"),
                  E         ( 34" x 44"),
                  A9        ( 37 mm x  52 mm),
                  A8        ( 52 mm x  74 mm),
                  A7        ( 74 mm x 105 mm),
                  A6        (105 mm x 148 mm),
                  A5        (148 mm x 210 mm),
                  A4        (210 mm x 297 mm),
                  A3        (297 mm x 420 mm),
                  A2        (420 mm x 594 mm),
                  A1        (594 mm x 841 mm),
                  A0        (841 mm x1189 mm),
                  B10       ( 32 mm x  45 mm),
                  B9        ( 45 mm x  64 mm),
                  B8        ( 64 mm x  91 mm),
                  B7        ( 91 mm x 128 mm),
                  B6        (128 mm x 182 mm),
                  B5        (182 mm x 257 mm),
                  B4        (257 mm x 364 mm),
                  B3        (364 mm x 515 mm),
                  B2        (515 mm x 728 mm),
                  B1        (728 mm x1030 mm),
                  B0        (1030mm x1456 mm).

PSTEX OPTIONS

       The pstex language is a variant of ps which  suppresses  formatted  (special)  text.   The
       pstex_t  language has the complementary behavior: it generates only the LaTeX special text
       and the commands necessary to position special text, and to overlay  the  PostScript  file
       generated  using pstex.  These two drivers can be used to generate a figure which combines
       the flexibility of PostScript graphics with LaTeX text formatting of special text.

       -F     Use correct font sizes (points) instead of the traditional size  that  xfig/fig2dev
              uses,   which  is  1/80  inch.   The  corresponding  xfig  command-line  option  is
              -correct_font_size.

       -g color
              Use color for the background.

       -n name
              Set the Title part of the PostScript output to name.  This is useful when the input
              to fig2dev comes from standard input.

PSTEX_T OPTIONS

       The  pstex_t  language  produces only the LaTeX special text and the commands necessary to
       position special text, and to overlay the PostScript file  generated  using  pstex.   (see
       above)

       -E num Set  encoding  for  latex  text  translation  (0  no  translation,  1 ISO-8859-1, 2
              ISO-8859-2; default 1)

       -F     Don't  set  the  font  face,  series,  and  style;  only  set  it's  size  and  the
              baselineskip.  By  default,  fig2dev  sets  all 5 font parameters when it puts some
              text. The disadvantage is that you can't set the font  from  your  LaTeX  document.
              With  this option on, you can set the font from your LaTeX document (like "\sfshape
              \input picture.eepic").

       -p file
              specifies the name of the PostScript file to be overlaid.  If not set or its  value
              is null then no PS file will be inserted.

PSTricks OPTIONS

       The PSTricks driver provides full LaTeX text and math formatting for XFig drawings without
       overlaying separate outputs as in the PSTEX methods.  The output matches  the  quality  of
       output  of the PostScript driver except for text, where the Latex font selection mechanism
       is used as for other fig2dev LaTeX drivers. In addition, text is rendered black,  although
       font  color-changing  LaTex  code  can be embedded in the drawing.  The generated PSTricks
       code is meant to be readable.  Each command stands alone, not  relying  on  global  option
       state  variables.  Thus the user can easily use XFig to rough out a PSTricks drawing, then
       finish by hand editing.

       To use the driver's output, give the  command  "\usepackage{pstricks}"  in  your  document
       preamble.   The  graphicx  and  pstricks-add packages may also be required.  The former is
       used for bitmap graphics and the second for complex line  styles  and/or  hollow  PSTricks
       arrows  (with  the  -R 1 option).  The driver will tell you which packages are needed.  In
       the document body, include the figure with  "\input{pstfile}"  where  pstfile.tex  is  the
       output  file.   Use  the  XFig  special flag to have text passed as-is to LaTeX.  For non-
       special text, the same mechanism as the LaTeX and epic driver mechanism is used  to  match
       font specs, but this is imprecise.

       Known bugs and limitations.
              PSTricks  support  for join styles is version dependent. Raw postscript is inserted
              with "\pstVerb" for old versions when other than angle joins are  needed.   The  -t
              option controls this behavior. PSTricks does not support rotated ellipses directly,
              so a rput command is emitted that rotates and locates a horizontal  ellipse.   This
              makes  a  problem  with  hatch patterns, which are moved and rotated along with the
              ellipse.  Hatch rotation is fixed by a counter-rotation,  but  the  origin  is  not
              adjusted,  so registration with adjacent hatch patterns will be incorrect.  Flipped
              bitmap graphics use an undocumented feature of the  graphicx  package:  a  negative
              height  flips  the  image vertically.  This appears to work reliably.  However, you
              may want to flip graphics with  another  program  before  including  them  in  Xfig
              drawings  just to be sure.  With the -p option, the driver attempts to convert non-
              EPS pictures to EPS with the TeX distribution's bmeps program, but bmeps  does  not
              know about very many file formats including gif.

       -f font
              Set  the  default  font used for text objects to font, where font is one of rm, bf,
              it, sf or tt.  The default is rm.

       -G dummy_arg
              Draws a standard PSTricks  grid  in  light  gray,  ignoring  the  size  parameters,
              numbered in PSTricks units.

       -l weight
              Sets  a  line  weight  factor that is multiplied by the actual Fig line width.  The
              default value 0.5 roughly matches the output of the PS driver.

       -n 0|1|2|3
              Sets environment type.  Default 0 creates a \picture environment with bounding  box
              exactly  enclosing  the  picture  (but  see  -x  and -y ).  A 1 emits bare PSTricks
              commands with no environment at all, which can be used with \input{commands} inside
              an  existing  \pspicture.   A  2 emits a complete LaTeX document.  A 3 also emits a
              complete LaTeX document but attempts to set the PSTricks unit to fit a  7.5  by  10
              inch (portrait aspect) box.

       -P     Shorthand for -n 3.

       -p dir Attempts  to  run  the  bmeps  program  to translate picture files to EPS, which is
              required by PSTricks.  The translated files go in dir , which  must  already  exist
              (the  driver will not create it). Moreover, (BIG CAVEAT HERE) the driver overwrites
              files  with  impunity  in  this  directory!   Don't  put  your  stuff  here.    The
              includegraphics  commands  in the output file refer to this directory.  Even if the
              -p option is not used, includegraphics commands follow  this  convention  with  the
              default  directory  ./eps  .   In  this  case,  the  user  must  do the conversions
              independently.  The bmeps program is part of  the  standard  TeX  distribution.  It
              converts  the  following  formats  to  EPS: png jpg pnm tif.  You can see the bmeps
              command with the -v option.

       -R 0|1|2
              Sets arrow style.  With the default style 0, Fig arrows are converted to lines  and
              polygons.   With  style  1,  the Fig arrowhead dimensions are converted to PSTricks
              arrowhead dimensions and PSTricks arrowhead options  are  emitted.   Hollow  arrows
              will require the additional package pstricks-add.  With style 2, PSTricks arrowhead
              options are emitted with no dimensions at all, and arrowhead size may be controlled
              globally with psset.

       -S scale
              Scales the image according to the same convention as the EPIC driver, i.e., to size
              scale/12.

       -t version
              Provides the driver with PSTricks version number so output can match expected LaTeX
              input.

       -v     Print verbose warnings and extra comments in the output file.  Information provided
              includes font substitution details, the bmeps commands used for picture conversion,
              if any, and one comment per Fig object in the output.

       -x marginsize
              Adds  marginsize  on  the left and right of the PStricks bounding box.  By default,
              the box exactly encloses the image.

       -y marginsize
              Adds marginsize on the top and bottom of the PStricks bounding  box.   By  default,
              the box exactly encloses the image.

       -z 0|1|2
              Sets  font  handling option.  Default option 0 attempts to honor Fig font names and
              sizes, finding the best match with a standard LaTeX font.  Option 1 sets LaTeX font
              size only.  Option 2 issues no font commands at all.

TEXTYL OPTIONS

       -f font
              Set  the  default  font used for text objects to font, where font is one of rm, bf,
              it, sf or tt.  The default is rm.

       -l lwidth
              Set the line thickness. lwidth must be a value between 1 and 12.

TIKZ OPTIONS

       TIKZ is a powerful frontend to the  Portable  Graphics  Format  (PGF)  developed  by  Till
       Tantau, now at the University of L├╝beck.  TIKZ was developed to be as platform-independent
       as possible, i.e., tikz-code can be  processed  with  plain  TeX,  pdftex,  xetex,  LaTeX,
       ConTeX,  pdflatex,  lualatex, or combinations of LaTeX + dvips, LaTeX + dvipdfm or others.
       The TIKZ-code emitted by fig2dev tries to maintain  this  portability.   For  instance,  a
       tikz-picture  is  commenced   with \tikzpicture (TeX-style), to not exclude any processing
       engine.  However, the stand-alone file produced with the -P option must be processed  with
       a LaTeX-engine.  In addition, font-commands may require a LaTeX engine.

       -b borderwidth
              Make blank border around figure of width borderwidth*(1/72) inches.

       -C num Do  not  emit  a \color-command for the color number num. (0 = black, 1 = blue, 2 =
              green - see the color chooser widget in Xfig).  By default, fig2dev does not  issue
              a  \color-command  for objects which have the color set to "Default" in xfig.  With
              this option, the "\color"-command is also omitted for objects having the color num.
              The  color of these objects, as well as of those having the color set to "Default",
              is picked up from the including document.

       -E num Set encoding for text translation  (0  =  no  translation,  1  =  ISO-8859-1,  2  =
              ISO-8859-2;  default  1).   For  instance, to use utf8-encoded text, first create a
              text object, then edit the text using the edit-button in xfig. Convert the fig-file
              to tikz with the option -E 0 and include "\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}" in the LaTeX
              file (not necessary when using xelatex).  In  xfig, the text typed in  may  not  be
              displayed  correctly,  but  the document produced from the LaTeX file will show the
              same text as was typed in.

       -F     Do not set the font family, series or shape.  By default,  fig2dev  sets  the  font
              family, series, shape, font size and baselineskip.  As a side effect, this requires
              the New Font Selection Scheme (NFSS) of LaTeX.  With this option on, the text  font
              can be set from the including document, which may be TeX or LaTeX.  See also -o (no
              font size).

       -f font
              Set the default font used for text objects to font.  The string font may be one  of
              rm, bf, it, sf, tt, \rmfamily, \bfseries, \itshape, \sffamily, \ttfamily, or one of
              the 35 standard PostScript font names.  The default is \rmfamily.

       -i dir Prepend the string dir  to  graphics  files  included  in  the  tikz-picture.   For
              instance,  having  imported "image.jpg" in xfig, with - i '$HOME/Figures/' the code
              "\pgfimage[width=..., height=...]{$HOME/Figures/image.jpg}" will be generated.

       -o     Do not set the font size or baselineskip. Text will be rendered at the size that is
              in  force  where  the  tikz-code is inserted into the document, e.g., "\small\input
              fig1.tikz".  See also -F (no font properties).

       -O     Do not quote characters special to TeX/LaTeX.  Useful to get, e.g.,  an  italic  x,
              not  $x$,  because  it  was  forgotten to set the text-flag "special-text" in xfig.
              This option effectively sets the "special-text" flag for all text.

       -P     Pagemode, generate a stand-alone LaTeX-file as out-file. The document produced from
              the LaTeX-file will have the paper size equal to the figure's bounding box (but see
              the -b option to add  a  margin).   The  generated  LaTeX-file  calls  the  package
              "geometry.sty" to set the paper size.

       -T     Only use TeX fonts, even where PostScript-fonts are specified.

       -v     Verbose  mode. Write comment lines into the output file, usually naming the type of
              the object that is drawn.

       -w     Remove the suffix from included  graphics-files.   With  this  option  on,  fig2dev
              generates    code    that    contains,    e.g.,   "\pgfimage{fig1}",   instead   of
              "\pgfimage{fig1.pdf}".

TK and PTK OPTIONS (tcl/tk and Perl/tk)

       -l dummy_arg
              Generate figure in landscape mode.  The dummy argument is ignored, but must  appear
              on  the  command  line for reasons of compatibility.  This option will override the
              orientation specification in the file (for file versions 3.0 and higher).

       -p dummy_arg
              Generate figure in portrait mode.  The dummy argument is ignored, but  must  appear
              on  the  command  line for reasons of compatibility.  This option will override the
              orientation specification in the file (for file versions 3.0 and higher).  This  is
              the default for Fig files of version 2.1 or lower.

       -P     Generate canvas of full page size instead of using the bounding box of the figure's
              objects. The default is to use only the bounding box.

       -z papersize
              Set the paper size.  See the POSTSCRIPT OPTIONS for available paper sizes.  This is
              only used when the -P option (use full page) is used.

TPIC OPTIONS

       -f font
              Set the default font used for text objects to font.  The default is rm.  The string
              font can be one of rm, bf, it, sf, tt, avant, avantcsc,  avantd,  avantdi,  avanti,
              bookd,  bookdi,  bookl,  booklcsc, bookli, chanc, cour, courb, courbi, couri, helv,
              helvb, helvbi, helvc, helvcb, helvcbi, helvci, helvcsc, helvi,  pal,  palb,  palbi,
              palbu,  palc,  palcsc,  pali,  palsl,  palu,  palx, times, timesb, timesbi, timesc,
              timescsc, timesi, timessl or timesx.

SEE ALSO

       [x]fig(1), pic(1), pic2fig(1), transfig(1)

BUGS and RESTRICTIONS

       Please send bug reports, fixes, new features etc. to:
       thomas.loimer@tuwien.ac.at

       Arc-boxes are not supported for the tk output language, and only  X  bitmap  pictures  are
       supported because of the canvas limitation in tk.

       Picture objects are not scaled with the magnification factor for tk output.

       Because  tk  scales  canvas  items according to the X display resolution, polygons, lines,
       etc. may be scaled differently than imported pictures (bitmaps)  which  aren't  scaled  at
       all.

       Rotated  text  is  only  supported  in  the  IBM-GL (HP/GL) and PostScript (including eps)
       languages.

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (c) 1991 Micah Beck
       Parts Copyright (c) 1985 Supoj Sutantavibul
       Parts Copyright (c) 1989-1999 Brian V. Smith

       Permission to use, copy, modify, distribute, and sell this software and its  documentation
       for  any  purpose  is hereby granted without fee, provided that the above copyright notice
       appear in all copies and that both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear
       in  supporting documentation. The authors make no representations about the suitability of
       this software for any purpose.   It  is  provided  "as  is"  without  express  or  implied
       warranty.

       THE  AUTHORS  DISCLAIM  ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED
       WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS, IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
       SPECIAL,  INDIRECT  OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS
       OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE  OR  OTHER  TORTIOUS
       ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.

AUTHORS

       Micah Beck
       Cornell University
       Sept 28 1990

       and Frank Schmuck (then of Cornell University)
       and Conrad Kwok (then of U.C. Davis).

       Drivers contributed by
       Jose Alberto Fernandez R. (U. of Maryland)
       and Gary Beihl (MCC)

       Color support, ISO-character encoding and poster support by
       Herbert Bauer (heb@regent.e-technik.tu-muenchen.de)

       Modified from f2p (fig to PIC), by the author of Fig
       Supoj Sutanthavibul (supoj@sally.utexas.edu)
       University of Texas at Austin.

       MetaFont driver by
       Anthony Starks (ajs@merck.com)

       X-splines code by
       Carole Blanc (blanc@labri.u-bordeaux.fr)
       Christophe Schlick (schlick@labri.u-bordeaux.fr)
       The  initial  implementation was done by C. Feuille, S. Grobois, L. Maziere and L. Minihot
       as a student practice (Universite Bordeaux, France).

       Japanese text support for LaTeX output written by T. Sato (VEF00200@niftyserve.or.jp)

       The tk driver was written by
       Mike Markowski (mm@udel.edu) with a little touch-up by Brian Smith

       The CGM driver (Computer Graphics Metafile) was written by
       Philippe Bekaert (Philippe.Bekaert@cs.kuleuven.ac.be)

       The EMF driver (Enhanced Metafile) was written by
       Michael Schrick (m_schrick@hotmail.com)

       The GBX (Gerber) driver was written by
       Edward Grace (ej.grace@imperial.ac.uk).