Provided by: ftp-upload_1.5+nmu2_all bug


       ftp-upload - batch transfer local files to an FTP server


       ftp-upload [any-switch]... {[repeatable-switch]... file...}...


       ftp-upload is used to send local files to an FTP server.  It isn't interactive, it's meant
       to be used from scripts.  It is disciplined about its exit value and it doesn't output
       informational messages by default.

       There are two kinds of switches.  Initial switches have to appear before any filenames,
       they affect the session as a whole.  Repeatable switches can appear interspersed with the
       file names, they affect the transfer of the files which appear after them on the command


   Initial switches
       These have to be used before any file names listed on the command line.

           Turn debugging on.

           Show the usage message and die.

           Don't complain or set a failure exit code just because the QUIT command fails.  This
           can be necessary because some servers, in blatant disregard of RFC 959, close the
           command channel when you send them an ABOR command.

       -v, --verbose
           Print informational messages to stdout.

           Show the version number and exit.

   Initial switches which specify connection information
       These also have to be used before any file names listed on the command line.  They specify
       the information used to set up the FTP connection.

       --account account
           This specifies the account to be used when logging into the remote system.  This is
           distinct from the user name used to log in.  Few systems need this.  There is no

       -h, --host host
           Specify the host to which to connect.  There is no default, you have to specify this

           Force the use of passive (PASV) transfers.  Passive transfers are required with some
           firewall configurations, but if you have such you'd do better to configure Net::FTP so
           that it knows when to use them (see Net::Config).  If you need to use passive
           transfers with certain (broken) servers, however, this switch is your best bet.
           Alternatively, you can set $FTP_PASSIVE to 1 in the environment (see Net::FTP).

       --password pw
           This gives the password which will be used to login.  The default is your email

           Note that you should not specify a real (secret) password this way, as on most systems
           anybody on the machine can see the arguments you pass to your commands.  Use one of
           other password-setting switches instead.

       -s, --password-stdin
           This tells ftp-upload to read the password from standard input.  No prompt will be
           printed, and a single line will be read.  Most people will use this switch to specify
           the password.  Eg,

               echo 3x9sjJJh | ftp-upload -sh $host -u $user $file

           Using echo this way is safe where the --password switch isn't if the echo command is
           built in to the shell.

       --password-fd fd
           This is like --password-stdin except that it reads the password from the file
           descriptor numbered fd.

               ftp-upload -h $host -u $user --password-fd=3 3<$pw_file $file

       -u, --user user
           Specify the user name to use when logging in.  The default is "anonymous".

   Repeatable switches
       These switches can be used anywhere on the command line (except after the last file name).
       They affect the transfer of files listed after them.

       --as remote-name
           Normally a file is transferred using the same name it has locally.  If you use this
           switch the next file transferred will be called remote-name on the other host instead.

               ftp-upload --host $host --as index.htm index.html

       -a, --ascii
           Perform transfers in ASCII mode.

       -b, --binary
           Perform transfers in binary mode.  This is the default.

       -d, --dir dir
           Change directory to dir on the FTP server before continuing.  You can use this
           multiple times between files, ftp-upload will chdir once for each time you specify it.
           Using ".." as the dir will cause an FTP "CDUP" to be done rather than a "CWD".

           Normally uploaded files go into the current directory on the remote host, even when
           the local file name given contains slashes.  Eg, if you say

               ftp-upload -h $host /etc/motd

           ftp-upload will upload the file as motd, not /etc/motd.  This differs from how the
           standard ftp program works, and it also differs with how ftp-upload worked before
           version 1.3.

           If you specify --full-path, you'll get the other behavior.  A request to upload
           dir/file will tell the server to store dir/file rather than file.

           When you use --as the --full-path setting doesn't matter.  --full-path only tells the
           program what name to use when it's choosing the name.

           Disable --full-path.  This is the default.

       -l, --ls
           Try to get a remote directory listing of files after transferring them.  I say "try"
           because there's no guaranteed way to do this with the FTP protocol.  The command I run
           is "LIST file".  This will generally work if file doesn't contain any special

       -L, --no-ls
           Disable the --ls behavior.

           Transfer files directly, don't do anything special to try to ensure that they don't
           appear under their real names on the remote machine until the transfer is finished.
           Each file is transferred with a single simple "STOR".  This is the default.

           Transfer files to the remote machine using a temporary name, then rename them when the
           transfer finishes.  This won't work if the remote server doesn't give a recognizable
           response to the "STOU" command.

           If the server's response to "STOU" isn't recognized by Net::FTP but is reasonable,
           Graham Barr might be willing to change Net::FTP to recognize it.  If you like you can
           send the "--debug" output to me and I'll coordinate such requests.

       --tmp-dir dir
           Transfer files to dir on the remote host, then rename them when the transfer is
           complete.  This is safer than --tmp-samedir because it doesn't use "STOU" and so it
           works with more servers.

               ftp-upload -h $host --tmp-dir incoming $file

       --tmp-format fmt
           Transfer files to "sprintf(fmt, file base name)", then rename them when the transfer
           is complete.  Like --tmp-dir, this is safer than --tmp-samedir because it doesn't use
           "STOU" and so it works with more servers.

               ftp-upload -h $host --tmp-format tmp.%s $file


       Roderick Schertler <>