Provided by: firebird3.0-utils_3.0.2.32703.ds4-11ubuntu2_amd64 bug


       gbak -- backup /restore Firebird database


       gbak -b [backup option...] [common option...] source target

       gbak -c|-r [restore option...] [common option...] source target


       gbak is the tool for managing Firebird database logical backup and restore.

       In backup mode source is the path to an existing database and target is the backup file
       name. If target is "stdout", the backup is sent to the standard output.

       In restore mode source is an existing backup file and target is the path to a firebird
       database. If source is "stdin", the backup data is expected on the standard input.


       Most options can be abbreviated. Below are given the shortest abbreviations as well as the
       full versions.

       -user string
           User name to use when connecting to the database.

       -ro string
       -role string
           SQL role to use when connecting to theh database.

       -pas string
       -password string
           Password to use when connecting to the database.

           Use services manager when talking to the database.

           Report each action.

           Displays verbose information about what metadata is being processed, what table is
           being backed up/restored and how many records are processed.

       -y string
           Redirects status/error messages to the given path.

       -z  Prints full program version number before doing anything else. Prints server and
           database version information after connecting to the database.


           Turns on backup mode.

           Converts external tables into tables.

           Normally external tables are ignored during backup and restore. With the -convert
           option external tables are included in the backup as any other regular table. When
           such a backup is restored, these previously external tables are created as regular

       -fa number
       -factor number
           Blocking factor. Output is written in block of number bytes. Useful when backing up to
           a tape.

           Inhibits garbage collection.

           Normally Firebird runs a garbage collector when reading through the tables.  Since the
           backup process reads all the tables, this forces garbage collection of the whole
           database. Using this switch speeds up the backup process and also can help in some
           cases of backing up damaged databases.

           Ignores records with bad checksums.

           This option should be used only when backing up damaged databases.

           Ignores transactions in limbo.

           Backs up metadata only. No table content is included in the backup.

       -nt Uses non-transportable backup format.

           Non-transportable backups can be restored only on machines using the same byte order.

           Saves old-style metadata descriptions.


           Turns on restore mode.

           target database will be created and must not exist.

       -r [o]
       -recreate_database [overwrite]
           Like -create_database, but by adding "overwrite" any existing database is overwritten.

           Turns on restore mode. Target database is overwritten if it exists.

       -bu number
       -buffers number
           When creating target database, ignore information about database buffers stored in the
           backup and use specified number.

           Normally, Firebird uses RLE compression for strings when storing them on disk. This
           option turns this compression off.

           Restore indexes in inactive state. This can be used to restore a backup, containing
           data inconsistent with foreign key/unique constraints.

           Note that since version 3.0 gbak leaves any problematic indices in inactive state

           Does not restore database shadow files.

       -mo access
       -mode access
           Restores the database with given access.

           Valid values for access are "read_only" and "read_write". The default is to restore
           the database with its original access mode.

           Restores the database without its validity constraints. This includes foreign key,
           unique and check constraints. Useful for restoring a backup, containing inconsistent

           Commits restoring transaction after each table.

       -p number
       -page_size number
           Override page size stored in the backup. Valid values are 1024, 2048, 4096, 8192,
           16384 and 32768.

           Normally, Fireburd reserves some space on each data page for further use.  This
           reserved space is used for newly inserted data and for keeping older versions of the
           data. Having space reserved for this purpose "near" to the data speeds up
           modifications. If the database will be used mainly for read operations, specifying
           this option will save disk space.

       -fix_fss_metadata string
           When restoring metadata, in case it is not valid UTF8, try to convert it from the
           specified character set. Useful when table descriptions are given in some national
           non-UTF8 encoding, which was possible with Firebird before version 2.5.

       -fix_fss_data string
           When restoring table data, in case a column defined with UNICODE_FSS character set
           contains no valid UTF8 (which was possible with versions of Firebird prior to 2.5),
           try to convert the data from the specified character set.

       When the target argument is in the form file_1 pages_1 ... file_N, the restored database
       is written in several files with file_i not bigger than pages_i pages. This may be useful
       if the file system that holds the database file can't handle files above certain size.

       Note 1: the file size limit is in pages.

       Note 1: there is no limit on the size of the last file.


           Default value for the -user option.

           Default value for the -role option.

           Default value for the -password option.


   Backup a database into a compressed format
       gbak -b srv:/database.fdb stdout | gzip > database.fbk.gz

   Restore a database from a compressed backup
       zcat database.fbk.gz | gbak -c stdin srv:/new-database.fdb


       isql-fb(1), gfix(1), fbstat(1).

       Additional documentation about Firebird can be found on the Firebird Project website,


       This manual page was written by Damyan Ivanov for the Debian project.
       Permission is granted to use this document, with or without modifications, provided that
       this notice is retained. If we meet some day, and you think this stuff is worth it, you
       can buy me a beer in return.