Provided by: gscan2pdf_2.1.0-1_all bug


       gscan2pdf - A GUI to produce PDFs or DjVus from scanned documents


       1. Scan one or several pages in with File/Scan
       2. Create PDF of selected pages with File/Save




       gscan2pdf has the following command-line options:

       --device=<device> Specifies the device to use, instead of getting the list of devices from
       via the SANE API. This can be useful if the scanner is on a remote computer which is not
       broadcasting its existence.
       --help Displays this help page and exits.
       --log=<log file> Specifies a file to store logging messages.
       --(debug|info|warn|error|fatal) Defines the log level. If a log file is specified, this
       defaults to 'debug', otherwise 'warn'.
       --import=<PDF|DjVu|image> Imports the specified file
       --version Displays the program version and exits.

       Scanning is handled with SANE via scanimage.  PDF conversion is done by PDF::API2.  TIFF
       export is handled by libtiff (faster and smaller memory footprint for multipage files).


       To diagnose a possible error, start gscan2pdf from the command line with logging enabled:

       "gscan2pdf --log=file.log"

       and check file.log.




       gscan2pdf creates a text resource file in ~/.config/gscan2pdfrc. The directory can be
       changed by setting the $XDG_CONFIG_HOME variable. Generally, however, preferences should
       be changed via the Edit/Preferences menu, or are captured automatically during normal
       usage of the program.


       None known.


       Whilst it is possible to import PDFs, this is intended to be able to round-trip files
       created by gscan2pdf.


       gscan2pdf is available on Sourceforge

       If you are using Debian, you should find that sid has the latest version already packaged.

       If you are using a Ubuntu-based system, you can automatically keep up to date with the
       latest version via the ppa:

       "sudo apt-add-repository ppa:jeffreyratcliffe/ppa"

       If you are you are using Synaptic, then use menu Edit/Reload Package Information, search
       for gscan2pdf in the package list, and lo and behold, you can install the nice shiny new

       From the command line:

       "sudo apt-get update"

       "sudo apt-get install gscan2pdf"

       Download the rpm from Sourceforge, and then install it with "rpm -i gscan2pdf-version.rpm"

   From source
       The source is hosted in the files section of the gscan2pdf project on Sourceforge

   From the repository
       gscan2pdf uses Git for its Revision Control System. You can browse the tree at

       Git users can clone the complete tree with "git clone

Building gscan2pdf from source

       Having downloaded the source either from a Sourceforge file release, or from the Git
       repository, unpack it if necessary with "tar xvfz gscan2pdf-x.x.x.tar.gz cd

       "perl Makefile.PL", will create the Makefile.

       "make test" should run several hundred tests to confirm that things will work properly on
       your system.

       You can install directly from the source with "make install", but building the appropriate
       package for your distribution should be as straightforward as "make debdist" or "make
       rpmdist". However, you will additionally need the rpm, devscripts, fakeroot, debhelper and
       gettext packages.


       The list below looks daunting, but all packages are available from any reasonable up-to-
       date distribution. If you are using Synaptic, having installed gscan2pdf, locate the
       gscan2pdf entry in Synaptic, right-click it and you can install them under Recommends.
       Note also that the library names given below are the Debian/Ubuntu ones. Those
       distributions using RPM typically use perl(module) where Debian has libmodule-perl.

           libgtk3-perl >= 0.028
               There is a bug in version of libgtk3-perl before 0.028 that causes gscan2pdf to
               crash when saving. Whilst I could prevent gscan2pdf from crashing, it would still
               be impossible to save anything, rendering gscan2pdf rather useless.

               A simple interface to Gtk3's complex MVC list widget

           liblocale-gettext-perl (>= 1.05)
               Using libc functions for internationalisation in Perl

               provides the functions for creating PDF documents in Perl

               API library for scanners

               Perl bindings for libsane.

               manages sets of integers

               TIFF manipulation and conversion tools

               Image manipulation programs

               A perl interface to the libMagick graphics routines

               API library for scanners -- utilities.

               scanner graphical frontends. Only required for the scanadf frontend.

               post-processing tool for scanned pages. See

               Desktop integration utilities from Required for Email as PDF.
               See <>

               Utilities for the DjVu image format. See <>

               A command line OCR. See <>.

               A command line OCR. See <>

               A command line OCR. See <>

               A command line OCR. See <>


       There are two mailing lists for gscan2pdf:

           A low-traffic list for announcements, mostly of new releases. You can subscribe at

           General support, questions, etc.. You can subscribe at

Reporting bugs

       Before reporting bugs, please read the "FAQs" section.

       Please report any bugs found, preferably against the Debian package[1][2].  You do not
       need to be a Debian user, or set up an account to do this.  The Debian tool "reportbug"
       provides a convenient GUI for doing so.


       Alternatively, there is a bug tracker for the gscan2pdf project on Sourceforge

       Please include the log file created by "gscan2pdf --log=log" with any new bug report.


       gscan2pdf has already been partly translated into several languages.  If you would like to
       contribute to an existing or new translation, please check out Rosetta:

       Note that the translations for the scanner options are taken directly from sane-backends.
       If you would like to contribute to these, you can do so either at contact the sane-devel
       mailing list ( and have a look at the po/ directory in
       the source code <>.

       Alternatively, Ubuntu has its own translation project. For the 9.04 release, the
       translations are available at



       Clears the page list.


       Opens any format that imagemagick supports. PDFs will have their embedded images extracted
       and imported one per page.

       Note that files can also be imported by dragging them into the thumbnail list from a
       program like nautilus or konqueror.


       Sets options before scanning via SANE.


       Chooses between available scanners.

       # Pages

       Selects the number of pages, or all pages to scan.

       Source document

       Selects between single sided or double sides pages.

       This affects the page numbering.  Single sided scans are numbered consecutively.  Double
       sided scans are incremented (or decremented, see below) by 2, i.e. 1, 3, 5, etc..

       Side to scan

       If double sided is selected above, assuming a non-duplex scanner, i.e. a scanner that
       cannot automatically scan both sides of a page, this determines whether the page number is
       incremented or decremented by 2.

       To scan both sides of three pages, i.e. 6 sides:

       1. Select:
           # Pages = 3 (or "all" if your scanner can detect when it is out of paper)

           Double sided

           Facing side

       2. Scans sides 1, 3 & 5.
       3. Put pile back with scanner ready to scan back of last page.
       4. Select:
           # Pages = 3 (or "all" if your scanner can detect when it is out of paper)

           Double sided

           Reverse side

       5. Scans sides 6, 4 & 2.
       6. gscan2pdf automatically sorts the pages so that they appear in the correct order.

       Device-dependent options

       These, naturally, depend on your scanner.  They can include

       Page size.
       Mode (colour/black & white/greyscale)
       Resolution (in PPI)
           Guarantees that a "no documents" condition will be returned after the last scanned
           page, to prevent endless flatbed scans after a batch scan.

           After sending the scan command, wait until the button on the scanner is pressed before
           actually starting the scan process.

           Selects the document source.  Possible options can include Flatbed or ADF.  On some
           scanners, this is the only way of generating an out-of-documents signal.


       Saves the selected or all pages as a PDF, DjVu, TIFF, PNG, JPEG, PNM or GIF.

       PDF Metadata

       Metadata are information that are not visible when viewing the PDF, but are embedded in
       the file and so searchable and can be examined, typically with the "Properties" option of
       the PDF viewer.

       The metadata are completely optional, but can also be used to generate the filename see
       preferences for details.


       Both black and white, and colour images produce better compression than PDF. See
       <> for more details.

       Email as PDF

       Attaches the selected or all pages as a PDF to a blank email.  This requires xdg-email,
       which is in the xdg-utils package.  If this is not present, the option is ghosted out.


       Prints the selected or all pages.

       Compress temporary files

       If your temporary ($TMPDIR) directory is getting full, this function can be useful -
       compressing all images at LZW-compressed TIFFs. These require much less space than the PNM
       files that are typically produced by SANE or by importing a PDF.


       Deletes the selected page.


       Renumbers the pages from 1..n.

       Note that the page order can also be changed by drag and drop in the thumbnail view.


       The select menus can be used to select, all, even, odd, blank, dark or modified pages.
       Selecting blank or dark pages runs imagemagick to make the decision.  Selecting modified
       pages selects those which have modified by threshold, unsharp, etc., since the last OCR
       run was made.


       When an image is scanned, gscan2pdf attempts to extract the resolution from the scan
       options. This nearly always works without problem.

       Importing an image can be trickier, however. Some image formats such as PNM do not encode
       metadata for resolution. In other cases, the data is incorrect.  Edit/Properties allows
       the user to manually correct the metadata for a particular page, thus correcting the size
       of final PDF or DjVu. The image itself is otherwise not changed - it is not down- or


       The preferences menu item allows the control of the default behaviour of various
       functions. Most of these are self-explanatory.


       gscan2pdf initially supported two frontends, scanimage and scanadf.  scanadf support was
       added when it was realised that scanadf works better than scanimage with some scanners. On
       Debian-based systems, scanadf is in the sane package, not, like scanimage, in sane-utils.
       If scanadf is not present, the option is obviously ghosted out.

       In 0.9.27, Perl bindings for SANE were introduced. These are called libsane-perl.

       Before 1.2.0, options available through CLI frontends like scanimage were made visible as
       users asked for them. In 1.2.0, all options can be shown or hidden via Edit/Preferences,
       along with the ability to specify which options trigger a reload.

       In 1.8.3, New Perl bindings for SANE were introduced. These are called libimage-sane-perl
       and are the preferred frontend.

       In 1.8.5, support for libsane-perl was removed.

       Device blacklist

       Ignore listed devices.

       Note that this is a device name regular expression, e.g. /dev/video, and not the name as
       listed in the scan window, e.g. Noname Integrated_Webcam_HD.

       Default filename for PDF files

       The following variables are available, which are replaced by the corresponding metadata:

        %a     author
        %t     title
        %y     document's year
        %Y     today's year
        %m     document's month
        %M     today's month
        %d     document's day
        %D     today's day
        %H     today's hour
        %I     today's minute
        %S     today's second

       Zoom 100%

       Zooms to 1:1. How this appears depends on the desktop resolution.

       Zoom to fit

       Scales the view such that all the page is visible.

       Zoom in

       Zoom out

       Rotate 90° clockwise

       The rotate options require the package imagemagick and, if this is not present, are
       ghosted out.

       Rotate 180°

       Rotate 90° anticlockwise


       Changes all pixels darker than the given value to black; all others become white.

       Unsharp mask

       The unsharp option sharpens an image. The image is convolved with a Gaussian operator of
       the given radius and standard deviation (sigma). For reasonable results, radius should be
       larger than sigma. Use a radius of 0 to have the method select a suitable radius.



       unpaper (see <>) is a utility for cleaning up a

       OCR (Optical Character Recognition)

       The gocr, tesseract, ocropus or cuneiform utilities are used to produce text from an

       There is an OCR output buffer for each page and is embedded as plain text behind the
       scanned image in the PDF produced. This way, Beagle can index (i.e. search) the plain

       In DjVu files, the OCR output buffer is embedded in the hidden text layer.  Thus these can
       also be indexed by Beagle.

       There is an interesting review of OCR software at
       <>.  An important
       conclusion was that 400ppi is necessary for decent results.

       Up to v2.04, the only way to tell which languages were available to tesseract was to look
       for the language files. Therefore, gscan2pdf checks the path returned by:

        tesseract '' '' -l ''

       If there are no language files in the above location, then gscan2pdf assumes that
       tesseract v1.0 is installed, which had no language files.

       Variables for user-defined tools

       The following variables are available:

        %i     input filename
        %o     output filename
        %r     resolution

       An image can be modified in-place by just specifying %i.


   Why isn't option xyz available in the scan window?
       Possibly because SANE or your scanner doesn't support it.

       If an option listed in the output of "scanimage --help" that you would like to use isn't
       available, send me the output and I will look at implementing it.

   I've only got an old flatbed scanner with no automatic sheetfeeder. How do I scan a multipage
       In Edit/Preferences, tick the box "Allow batch scanning from flatbed".

       Some Brother scanners report "out of documents", despite scanning from flatbed.  This can
       be worked around by ticking the box "Force new scan job between pages".

       If you are lucky, you have an option like Wait-for-button or Button-wait, where the
       scanner will wait for you to press the scan button on the device before it starts the
       scan, allowing you to scan multiple pages without touching the computer.

       If you are quick, you might be able to change the document on the flatbed whilst the scan
       head is returning.

       Otherwise, you have to set the number of pages to scan to 1 and hit the scan button on the
       scan window for each page.

   Why is option xyz ghosted out?
       Probably because the package required for that option is not installed.  Email as PDF
       requires xdg-email (xdg-utils), unpaper and the rotate options require imagemagick.

   Why can I not scan from the flatbed of my HP scanner?
       Generally for HP scanners with an ADF, to scan from the flatbed, you should set "# Pages"
       to "1", and possibly "Batch scan" to "No".

   When I update gscan2pdf using the Update Manager in Ubuntu, why is the list of changes never
       As far as I can tell, this is pulled from, and therefore only the
       changelogs from official Ubuntu builds are displayed.

   Why can gscan2pdf not find my scanner?
       If your scanner is not connected directly to the machine on which you are running
       gscan2pdf and you have not installed the SANE daemon, saned, gscan2pdf cannot
       automatically find it. In this case, you can specify the scanner device on the command

       "gscan2pdf --device <device">

   How can I search for text in the OCR layer of the finished PDF or DJVU file?
       pdftotext or djvutxt can extract the text layer from PDF or DJVU files. See the respective
       man pages for details.

       Having opened a PDF or DJVU file in evince or Acrobat Reader, the search function will
       typically find the page with the requested text and highlight it.

       There are various tools for searching or indexing files, including PDF and DJVU:

       ·   (meta) Tracker (<>)

       ·   plone (<>)

       ·   pdfgrep (<>

       ·   swish-e (<>)

       ·   recoll (<>)

       ·   terrier (<>)

See Also

       XSane (<>)

       Scan Tailor (<>)


       Jeffrey Ratcliffe (jffry at posteo dot net)

Thanks to

       ·   all the people who have sent patches, translations, bugs and feedback.

       ·   the gtk+ project for a most excellent graphics toolkit.

       ·   the Gtk3-Perl project for their superb Perl bindings for GTK3.

       ·   The SANE project for scanner access

       ·   Björn Lindqvist for the gtkimageview widget

       ·   Sourceforge for hosting the project.


       Copyright (C) 2006--2018 Jeffrey Ratcliffe <>

       This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the version 3 GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation.

       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program.
       If not, see <>.