Provided by: inn_1.7.2q-45build2_amd64 bug


       inews - send a Usenet article to the local news server for distribution


       inews [ -h ] [ -D ] [ -O ] [ -R ] [ -S ] [ header_flags ] [ input ]


       Inews  reads  a Usenet news article (perhaps with headers) from the named file or standard
       input if no file is given.  It adds some headers and performs some consistency checks.  If
       the  article does not meet these checks (for example, too much quoting of old articles, or
       posting to non-existent newsgroups) then the  article  is  rejected.   If  it  passes  the
       checks,  inews  sends the article to the local news server as specified in the inn.conf(5)
       file for distribution.


       -h     In the standard mode of operation, the input consists of  the  article  headers,  a
              blank  line,  and  the  message  body.   For compatibility with older software, the
              ``-h'' flag must be used.  If there are no headers in the message, then  this  flag
              may be omitted.

       -O     The  default Organization header will be provided if none is present in the article
              or if the ``-o'' flag is not used.  To prevent adding the default, use  the  ``-O''

       -D     As  a  debugging  aide,  if the ``-D'' flag is used, the consistency checks will be
              performed, and the article will be sent to the standard output, rather then sent to
              the server.

       -A -V -W
              For  compatibility  with C News, inews accepts, but ignores, the ``-A'', ``-V'' and
              ``-W'' flags.

       -N     The C News ``-N'' flag is treated as the ``-D'' flag.

       -S     If a file named .signature exists in the user's home directory, inews will  try  to
              append  it  to the end of the article.  If the file cannot be read, or if it is too
              long (for example, more than four lines or one standard I/O  buffer),  or  if  some
              other problem occurs, then the article will not be posted.  To suppress this action
              use the ``-S'' flag.

       -R     If the ``-R'' flag is used then inews will reject  any  attempts  to  post  control

              Several  headers  may be specified on the command line, shown in the synopsis above
              as header_flags.  Each of these flags takes a single parameter;  if  the  value  is
              more than one word (for example, almost all Subject lines) then quotes must be used
              to prevent the shell from splitting it into multiple words.  The options, and their
              equivalent header, are as follows:

                  a       Approved
                  c       Control
                  d       Distribution
                  e       Expires
                  f       From
                  w       Followup-To
                  n       Newsgroups
                  r       Reply-To
                  t       Subject
                  F       References
                  o       Organization
                  x       Path prefix

              If  the  ``-x''  flag is used, then its value will be the start of the header.  Any
              other host will see the site in the header, and therefore not offer the article  to
              that site.  The Path will always end not-for-mail.


       If  an  unapproved  posting  is  made to a moderated newsgroup, inews will try to mail the
       article to the moderator for posting.   It  will  query  the  remote  news  server  for  a
       moderators  listing.  If  that  doesn't  succeed,  it  will  fallback  to  using the local
       moderators(5) file to determine the mailing address.  If no address is found, it will  use
       the inn.conf file to determine a ``last-chance'' host to try.

       If   the   NNTP   server   needs   to   authenticate   the  client,  inews  will  use  the
       NNTPsendpassword(3) routine to authenticate itself.  In order to do this, the program will
       need  read  access  to the passwd.nntp(5) file.  This is typically done by having the file
       group-readable and making inews run setgid to that group.

       Inews exits with a zero status if the article was succesfully posted or mailed, or with  a
       non-zero status if the article could not be delivered.

       Since  inews will spool its input if the server is unavailable, it is usually necessary to
       run rnews(1) with the ``-U'' flag on a regular basis, usually out of cron(8).


       Written by Rich $alz <> for InterNetNews.  This is revision 1.27,  dated


       moderators(5), inn.conf(5).  rnews(1).