Provided by: cwm_5.6-4build1_amd64 bug


     openbsd-cwm — a lightweight and efficient window manager for X11


     openbsd-cwm [-c file] [-d display]


     openbsd-cwm is a window manager for X11 which contains many features that concentrate on the
     efficiency and transparency of window management.  openbsd-cwm also aims to maintain the
     simplest and most pleasant aesthetic.

     The following notation is used throughout this page:

           C       Control.
           M       Meta.
           S       Shift.
           M1      Left mouse button.
           M2      Middle mouse button.
           M3      Right mouse button.

     openbsd-cwm is very simple in its use.  Most of the actions are initiated via key bindings.
     The default key bindings are described below; their functionality is described in more
     detail later.

           CM-Return       Spawn a new terminal.
           CM-Delete       Lock the screen.
           M-Return        Hide current window.
           M-Down          Lower current window.
           M-Up            Raise current window.
           M-/             Search for windows.
           C-/             Search for applications.
           CM-n            Label current window.
           M-Tab           Cycle through currently visible windows.
           MS-Tab          Reverse cycle through currently visible windows.
           CM-x            Delete current window.
           CM-[n]          Select group n, where n is 1-9.
           CM-0            Select all groups.
           CM-g            Toggle group membership of current window.
           M-Right         Cycle through active groups.
           M-Left          Reverse cycle through active groups.
           CMS-f           Toggle freezing geometry of current window.
           CM-s            Toggle stickiness of current window.
           CM-f            Toggle full-screen mode of current window.
           CM-m            Toggle maximization of current window.
           CM-=            Toggle vertical maximization of current window.
           CMS-=           Toggle horizontal maximization of current window.
           M-?             Spawn “exec program” dialog.
           M-.             Spawn “ssh to” dialog.  This parses $HOME/.ssh/known_hosts to provide
                           host auto-completion.  ssh(1) will be executed via the configured
                           terminal emulator.
           CM-w            Spawn “exec WindowManager” dialog; allows you to switch from
                           openbsd-cwm to another window manager without restarting the X server.
           CMS-r           Restart the running cwm(1).
           CMS-q           Quit openbsd-cwm.

     The default mouse bindings are:

           M-M1    Move current window.
           CM-M1   Toggle group membership of current window.
           M-M2    Resize current window
           M-M3    Lower current window.
           CMS-M3  Hide current window.

     The options for openbsd-cwm are as follows:

     -c file
             Specify an alternative configuration file.  By default, openbsd-cwm loads ~/.cwmrc,
             if present.  Any error messages from lines in the configuration file will be sent to
             stderr; however, openbsd-cwm will continue to process the rest of the configuration

     -d display
             Specify the display to use.


     The pointer can be moved with the use of the keyboard through bindings.
     C-[Up|Down|Left|Right] moves the pointer a small amount, while CS-[Up|Down|Left|Right] moves
     the pointer a larger amount.  For example, to move the pointer to the left by a small
     amount, press C-Left.  To move the pointer down by a larger amount, press CS-Down.


     openbsd-cwm windows can be moved with the use of the keyboard through vi-like bindings.
     M-[hjkl] moves the current window a small amount, while MS-[hjkl] moves the current window a
     larger amount.  For example, to move the current window to the left a small amount, press
     M-h.  To move the current window down by a larger amount, press MS-j.

     Similarly, windows may be resized with the same key bindings with the addition of the
     Control key.  CM-[hjkl] resizes the window a small amount and CMS-[hjkl] resizes by a larger


     openbsd-cwm features the ability to search for windows by their current title, old titles,
     and by their label.  The priority for the search results are: label, current title, old
     titles in reverse order, and finally window class name.  openbsd-cwm keeps a history of the
     5 previous titles of a window.

     When searching, the leftmost character of the result list may show a flag:

           !           The window is the currently focused window.
           &           The window is hidden.

     The following key bindings may be used to navigate the result list:

           [Down], C-s or M-j    Select the next window in the list.
           [Up], C-r or M-k      Select the previous window in the list.
           [Backspace] or C-h    Backspace.
           C-u                   Clear the input.
           [Return]              Focus the selected window.
           [Esc]                 Cancel.
           C-a                   Whenever there are no matching windows, list every window.


     openbsd-cwm has the ability to group windows together, and use the groups to perform
     operations on the entire group instead of just one window.  Currently, the only operation
     that is supported is to hide and unhide the grouped windows.  Together with the sticky
     option, this can be used to emulate virtual desktops.

     To edit groups, use the group selection commands to toggle membership of a group.  A blue
     border will be shown briefly on windows added to the current group, and a red border will be
     shown on those just removed.


     Menus are recalled by clicking the mouse on the root window:

           M1          Show list of currently hidden windows.  Clicking on an item will unhide
                       that window.
           M2          Show list of currently defined groups.  Clicking on an item will
                       hide/unhide that group.
           M3          Show list of applications as defined in ~/.cwmrc.  Clicking on an item
                       will spawn that application.


     DISPLAY     openbsd-cwm starts on this display unless the -d option is given.






     openbsd-cwm was originally inspired by evilwm, but was rewritten from scratch due to
     limitations in the evilwm codebase.  The from-scratch rewrite borrowed some code from 9wm,
     however that code has since been removed or rewritten.

     openbsd-cwm first appeared in OpenBSD 4.2.


     openbsd-cwm was developed by Marius Aamodt Eriksen <> with contributions
     from Andy Adamson <>, Niels Provos <>, and Antti Nykänen
     <>.  Ideas, discussion with many others.