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       v.rast.stats   -  Calculates univariate statistics from a raster map based on a vector map
       and uploads statistics to new attribute columns.


       vector, statistics, raster, univariate statistics, zonal statistics, sampling, querying


       v.rast.stats --help
       v.rast.stats   [-cd]   map=name     [layer=string]     raster=name    column_prefix=string
       [method=string[,string,...]]    [percentile=integer]    [--help]   [--verbose]   [--quiet]

           Continue if upload column(s) already exist

           Create densified lines (default: thin lines)
           All cells touched by the line will be set, not only those on the render path

           Print usage summary

           Verbose module output

           Quiet module output

           Force launching GUI dialog

       map=name [required]
           Name of vector map
           Or data source for direct OGR access

           Layer number or name
           Vector features can have category values in different layers. This  number  determines
           which layer to use. When used with direct OGR access this is the layer name.
           Default: 1

       raster=name [required]
           Name of input raster map to calculate statistics from

       column_prefix=string [required]
           Column prefix for new attribute columns

           The methods to use
           Options:  number,  minimum, maximum, range, average, stddev, variance, coeff_var, sum,
           first_quartile, median, third_quartile, percentile

           Percentile to calculate
           Options: 0-100
           Default: 90


       v.rast.stats calculates basic univariate statistics from a raster map only for  the  parts
       covered  by  the specified vector map.  The vector map will be rasterized according to the
       raster map resolution.  Then univariate statistics  are  calculated  per  vector  category
       (cat)  from  the raster map and the results uploaded to the vector map attribute table.  A
       new column is generated in the attribute table for each statistic requested in method  (if
       not already present).

       The  univariate statistics include the number of raster cells counted, minimum and maximum
       cell values, range, average, standard deviation, variance, coefficient of variation,  sum,
       first quartile, median, third quartile, and percentile.


       v.rast.stats is only meaningful for lines or polygons.

       The  module  may  take  a long time to run if the raster region contains a large number of
       cells. In this case the --verbose flag may be used to track progress.

       The script stops if a (prefixed) upload column  is  already  present  in  the  vector  map
       attribute  table, unless otherwise instructed with the -c continue flag. The column prefix
       will be separated from the statistic name with an underscore. For example with a prefix of
       "elev" the sum column will be named elev_sum.

       If  a  DBF  database  is  being  used,  note  that  column names are restricted by the DBF
       specification to 10 characters. Therefore it is advised to be economical in the use of the
       column prefix when using DBF as any additional characters will be chopped off.

       If  a  MASK is present, it will be restored after the script finished.  The script changes
       temporarily to the resolution of the given raster map.

       Large   amounts   of   system   memory   can   be   used    when    extended    statistics
       (first_quartile,median,third_quartile,percentile  )  are being requested with a very large
       region setting. If the region is too large the module  should  display  memory  allocation
       errors. Basic statistics can be calculated using any size input region.


       Example to upload DEM statistics to ZIP codes vector map (North Carolina sample dataset):
       g.copy vect=zipcodes_wake,myzipcodes_wake
       # set computational region to DEM:
       g.region raster=elevation -p
       # calculate DEM statistics, upload to vector map table:
       v.rast.stats myzipcodes_wake raster=elevation \
         column_prefix=elev method=minimum,maximum,average,range,stddev,percentile \
       # verify results: -c myzipcodes_wake myzipcodes_wake
       v.univar myzipcodes_wake column=elev_range type=centroid


        r.univar, v.univar, v.vect.stats, v.what.rast, v.what.rast3, v.what.vect


       Markus Neteler, CEA (for the EDEN EU/FP6 Project)

       Last changed: $Date: 2017-02-15 12:56:19 +0100 (Wed, 15 Feb 2017) $


       Available at: v.rast.stats source code (history)

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