Provided by: dcmtk_3.6.2-3build3_amd64 bug


       xml2dcm - Convert XML document to DICOM file or data set


       xml2dcm [options] xmlfile-in dcmfile-out


       The  xml2dcm utility converts the contents of an XML (Extensible Markup Language) document
       to DICOM file or data set. The XML document  is  expected  to  validate  against  the  DTD
       (Document Type Definition) which is described in file dcm2xml.dtd. An appropriate XML file
       can be created using the dcm2xml tool (option +Wb recommended to include binary data).


       xmlfile-in   XML input filename to be converted (stdin: "-")

       dcmfile-out  DICOM output filename


   general options
         -h   --help
                print this help text and exit

                print version information and exit

                print expanded command line arguments

         -q   --quiet
                quiet mode, print no warnings and errors

         -v   --verbose
                verbose mode, print processing details

         -d   --debug
                debug mode, print debug information

         -ll  --log-level  [l]evel: string constant
                (fatal, error, warn, info, debug, trace)
                use level l for the logger

         -lc  --log-config  [f]ilename: string
                use config file f for the logger

   input options
       input file format:

         +f   --read-meta-info
                read meta information if present (default)

         -f   --ignore-meta-info
                ignore file meta information

   processing options

         +Vd  --validate-document
                validate XML document against DTD

         +Vn  --check-namespace
                check XML namespace in document root

       unique identifiers:

         +Ug  --generate-new-uids
                generate new Study/Series/SOP Instance UID

         -Uo  --dont-overwrite-uids
                do not overwrite existing UIDs (default)

         +Uo  --overwrite-uids
                overwrite existing UIDs

   output options
       output file format:

         +F   --write-file
                write file format (default)

         -F   --write-dataset
                write data set without file meta information

         +Fu  --update-meta-info
                update particular file meta information

       output transfer syntax:

         +t=  --write-xfer-same
                write with same TS as input (default)

         +te  --write-xfer-little
                write with explicit VR little endian TS

         +tb  --write-xfer-big
                write with explicit VR big endian TS

         +ti  --write-xfer-implicit
                write with implicit VR little endian TS

         +td  --write-xfer-deflated
                write with deflated explicit VR little endian TS

       post-1993 value representations:

         +u   --enable-new-vr
                enable support for new VRs (UN/UT) (default)

         -u   --disable-new-vr
                disable support for new VRs, convert to OB

       group length encoding:

         +g=  --group-length-recalc
                recalculate group lengths if present (default)

         +g   --group-length-create
                always write with group length elements

         -g   --group-length-remove
                always write without group length elements

       length encoding in sequences and items:

         +e   --length-explicit
                write with explicit lengths (default)

         -e   --length-undefined
                write with undefined lengths

       data set trailing padding (not with --write-dataset):

         -p=  --padding-retain
                do not change padding (default if not --write-dataset)

         -p   --padding-off
                no padding (implicit if --write-dataset)

         +p   --padding-create  [f]ile-pad [i]tem-pad: integer
                align file on multiple of f bytes and items on
                multiple of i bytes

       deflate compression level (only with --write-xfer-deflated):

         +cl  --compression-level  [l]evel: integer (default: 6)
                0=uncompressed, 1=fastest, 9=best compression


       The basic structure of the XML input expected looks like the following:

       <?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
       <!DOCTYPE file-format SYSTEM "dcm2xml.dtd">
       <file-format xmlns="">
         <meta-header xfer="1.2.840.10008.1.2.1" name="Little Endian Explicit">
           <element tag="0002,0000" vr="UL" vm="1" len="4"
           <element tag="0002,0013" vr="SH" vm="1" len="16"
         <data-set xfer="1.2.840.10008.1.2" name="Little Endian Implicit">
           <element tag="0008,0005" vr="CS" vm="1" len="10"
             ISO_IR 100
           <sequence tag="0028,3010" vr="SQ" card="2" name="VOILUTSequence">
             <item card="3">
               <element tag="0028,3002" vr="xs" vm="3" len="6"
           <element tag="7fe0,0010" vr="OW" vm="1" len="262144"
                    name="PixelData" loaded="no" binary="hidden">

       The 'file-format' and 'meta-header' tags may be absent for DICOM data sets.

   Character Encoding
       The DICOM character encoding  is  determined  automatically  from  the  element  with  tag
       '0008,0005'  (Specific  Character  Set)  -  if  present.  The following character sets are
       currently supported (requires libxml to include iconv support, see --version output):

       ASCII         (ISO_IR 6)    (UTF-8)
       UTF-8         "ISO_IR 192"  (UTF-8)
       ISO Latin 1   "ISO_IR 100"  (ISO-8859-1)
       ISO Latin 2   "ISO_IR 101"  (ISO-8859-2)
       ISO Latin 3   "ISO_IR 109"  (ISO-8859-3)
       ISO Latin 4   "ISO_IR 110"  (ISO-8859-4)
       ISO Latin 5   "ISO_IR 148"  (ISO-8859-9)
       Cyrillic      "ISO_IR 144"  (ISO-8859-5)
       Arabic        "ISO_IR 127"  (ISO-8859-6)
       Greek         "ISO_IR 126"  (ISO-8859-7)
       Hebrew        "ISO_IR 138"  (ISO-8859-8)

       Multiple character sets are not supported (only the first value of the 'Specific Character
       Set' is used for the character encoding in case of value multiplicity).

       See dcm2xml documentation for more details on the XML structure.

   Binary Data
       Binary  data  can  be encoded either as a sequence of hex numbers separated by a backslash
       '\' or in Base64 format (binary='base64'). In addition, binary data can also be read  from
       file (binary='file'). In this case, the filename has to be specified as the element value,

       <element tag="7fe0,0010" vr="OW" ... binary="file">subdir/pixeldata.raw</element>

       Please note that the contents of the file will be read as is. OW data is  expected  to  be
       little  endian  ordered and will be swapped if necessary. No checks will be made to ensure
       that the amount of data is reasonable in  terms  of  other  attributes  such  as  Rows  or

       If  libxml  is  compiled  with  zlib  support,  the  input  file  (xmlfile-in) can also be
       compressed with ZIP, which usually results in much smaller files.  See  output  of  option
       --version in order to check whether zlib support is available.

       Different  versions of libxml might have different limits for the maximum length of an XML
       element value. Therefore, it should be avoided to use very long element values  (e.g.  for
       pixel data).

       Please  note  that  xml2dcm currently does not fully support DICOMDIR files. Specifically,
       the value of the various offset data elements is not updated automatically by this tool.


       The level of logging output of the various command line tools and underlying libraries can
       be specified by the user. By default, only errors and warnings are written to the standard
       error stream. Using option --verbose also informational messages like  processing  details
       are  reported.  Option  --debug  can be used to get more details on the internal activity,
       e.g. for debugging purposes. Other logging levels can  be  selected  using  option  --log-
       level.  In  --quiet mode only fatal errors are reported. In such very severe error events,
       the application will usually terminate. For more details on the different logging  levels,
       see documentation of module 'oflog'.

       In  case  the logging output should be written to file (optionally with logfile rotation),
       to syslog (Unix) or the  event  log  (Windows)  option  --log-config  can  be  used.  This
       configuration  file also allows for directing only certain messages to a particular output
       stream and for filtering certain messages based on the module or  application  where  they
       are generated. An example configuration file is provided in <etcdir>/logger.cfg.


       All  command line tools use the following notation for parameters: square brackets enclose
       optional values (0-1), three trailing dots  indicate  that  multiple  values  are  allowed
       (1-n), a combination of both means 0 to n values.

       Command  line  options  are  distinguished  from  parameters by a leading '+' or '-' sign,
       respectively. Usually, order and position of command line options are arbitrary (i.e. they
       can  appear anywhere). However, if options are mutually exclusive the rightmost appearance
       is used. This behavior conforms to the standard evaluation rules of common Unix shells.

       In addition, one or more command files can be specified using an '@' sign as a  prefix  to
       the  filename  (e.g.  @command.txt). Such a command argument is replaced by the content of
       the corresponding text file (multiple whitespaces are treated as a single separator unless
       they appear between two quotation marks) prior to any further evaluation. Please note that
       a command file cannot contain another command file. This  simple  but  effective  approach
       allows  one  to summarize common combinations of options/parameters and avoids longish and
       confusing command lines (an example is provided in file <datadir>/dumppat.txt).


       The xml2dcm utility will  attempt  to  load  DICOM  data  dictionaries  specified  in  the
       DCMDICTPATH environment variable. By default, i.e. if the DCMDICTPATH environment variable
       is not set, the file <datadir>/dicom.dic will be loaded unless  the  dictionary  is  built
       into the application (default for Windows).

       The  default  behavior  should  be preferred and the DCMDICTPATH environment variable only
       used when alternative data dictionaries are required. The DCMDICTPATH environment variable
       has  the  same  format  as  the  Unix  shell PATH variable in that a colon (':') separates
       entries. On Windows systems, a semicolon (';') is used as a separator. The data dictionary
       code  will attempt to load each file specified in the DCMDICTPATH environment variable. It
       is an error if no data dictionary can be loaded.


       <datadir>/dcm2xml.dtd - Document Type Definition (DTD) file




       Copyright (C) 2003-2014 by OFFIS e.V., Escherweg 2, 26121 Oldenburg, Germany.