Provided by: libunwind-dev_1.2.1-8_amd64 bug

NAME

       libunwind-ptrace -- ptrace() support in libunwind

SYNOPSIS

       #include <libunwind-ptrace.h>

       unw_accessors_t _UPT_accessors;

       void *_UPT_create(pid_t);
       void _UPT_destroy(void *);

       int _UPT_find_proc_info(unw_addr_space_t, unw_word_t, unw_proc_info_t *, int, void *);
       void _UPT_put_unwind_info(unw_addr_space_t, unw_proc_info_t *, void *);
       int _UPT_get_dyn_info_list_addr(unw_addr_space_t, unw_word_t *, void *);
       int _UPT_access_mem(unw_addr_space_t, unw_word_t, unw_word_t *, int, void *);
       int _UPT_access_reg(unw_addr_space_t, unw_regnum_t, unw_word_t *, int, void *);
       int _UPT_access_fpreg(unw_addr_space_t, unw_regnum_t, unw_fpreg_t *, int, void *);
       int  _UPT_get_proc_name(unw_addr_space_t,  unw_word_t,  char *, size_t, unw_word_t *, void
       *);
       int _UPT_resume(unw_addr_space_t, unw_cursor_t *, void *);

DESCRIPTION

       The ptrace(2) system-call  makes  it  possible  for  a  process  to  gain  access  to  the
       machine-state  and  virtual  memory  of  another  process. With the right set of call-back
       routines, it is therefore possible to hook up libunwind to another process via  ptrace(2).
       While  it's  not very difficult to do so directly, libunwind further facilitates this task
       by  providing  ready-to-use  callbacks  for  this  purpose.  The  routines  and  variables
       implementing   this   facility   use   a   name-prefix   of  _UPT,  which  is  stands  for
       ``unwind-via-ptrace''.

       An application that wants to use the _UPT-facility first needs to create a  new  libunwind
       address-space   that   represents   the   target   process.   This   is  done  by  calling
       unw_create_addr_space().  In many cases, the application will  simply  want  to  pass  the
       address of _UPT_accessors as the first argument to this routine. Doing so will ensure that
       libunwind will be able to  properly  unwind  the  target  process.   However,  in  special
       circumstances,  an  application may prefer to use only portions of the _UPT-facility.  For
       this    reason,    the    individual     callback     routines     (_UPT_find_proc_info(),
       _UPT_put_unwind_info(),  etc.) are also available for direct use. Of course, the addresses
       of these routines could also be picked up from _UPT_accessors, but doing so would  prevent
       static  initialization. Also, when using _UPT_accessors, all the callback routines will be
       linked into the application, even if they are never actually called.

       Next, the application can turn on ptrace-mode on the target process, either by  forking  a
       new   process,  invoking  PTRACE_TRACEME,  and  then  starting  the  target  program  (via
       execve(2)), or by directly attaching to an already running  process  (via  PTRACE_ATTACH).
       Either   way,   once   the   process-ID   (pid)   of   the  target  process  is  known,  a
       _UPT-info-structure can be created by calling _UPT_create(), passing the pid of the target
       process  as  the  only  argument. The returned void-pointer then needs to be passed as the
       ``argument'' pointer (third argument) to unw_init_remote().

       The _UPT_resume() routine can be used to resume execution of the target process. It simply
       invokes ptrace(2) with a command value of PTRACE_CONT.

       When  the  application is done using libunwind on the target process, _UPT_destroy() needs
       to be called, passing it the void-pointer that was returned by the corresponding  call  to
       _UPT_create().  This ensures that all memory and other resources are freed up.

AVAILABILITY

       Since ptrace(2) works within a single machine only, the _UPT-facility by definition is not
       available in libunwind-versions configured for cross-unwinding.

THREAD SAFETY

       The _UPT-facility assumes that a  single  _UPT-info  structure  is  never  shared  between
       threads.  Because  of this, no explicit locking is used. As long as only one thread uses a
       _UPT-info structure at any given time, this facility is thread-safe.

RETURN VALUE

       _UPT_create() may return a NULL pointer if it fails to create the _UPT-info-structure  for
       any reason. For the current implementation, the only reason this call may fail is when the
       system is out of memory.

FILES

       libunwind-ptrace.h
               Headerfile to include when using the interface defined by this library.

       -lunwind-ptrace -lunwind-generic
               Linker-switches to add when building a program that uses the functions defined  by
              this library.

SEE ALSO

       execve(2), libunwind(3), ptrace(2)

AUTHOR

       David Mosberger-Tang
       Email: dmosberger@gmail.com
       WWW: http://www.nongnu.org/libunwind/.