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logb, logbf, logbl - get exponent of a floating-point value
#include <math.h> double logb(double x); float logbf(float x); long double logbl(long double x); Link with -lm. Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)): logb(): _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE logbf(), logbl(): _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
These functions extract the exponent from the internal floating-point representation of x and return it as a floating-point value. The integer constant FLT_RADIX, defined in <float.h>, indicates the radix used for the system's floating-point representation. If FLT_RADIX is 2, logb(x) is equal to floor(log2(x)), except that it is probably faster. If x is subnormal, logb() returns the exponent x would have if it were normalized.
On success, these functions return the exponent of x. If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned. If x is zero, then a pole error occurs, and the functions return -HUGE_VAL, -HUGE_VALF, or -HUGE_VALL, respectively. If x is negative infinity or positive infinity, then positive infinity is returned.
See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions. The following errors can occur: Pole error: x is 0 A divide-by-zero floating-point exception (FE_DIVBYZERO) is raised. These functions do not set errno.
For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7). ┌─────────────────────────┬───────────────┬─────────┐ │Interface │ Attribute │ Value │ ├─────────────────────────┼───────────────┼─────────┤ │logb(), logbf(), logbl() │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │ └─────────────────────────┴───────────────┴─────────┘
C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.
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