Provided by: bcal_1.9-2_amd64 bug


       bcal - Storage expression calculator.


       bcal [-c N] [-f FORMAT] [-s bytes] [-m] [-b] [-d] [-h]
            [expression] [N [unit]]


       bcal  (Byte  CALculator) is a command-line utility to help with numerical calculations and
       expressions involving data storage units, addressing, base conversion etc.


         * evaluate arithmetic expressions involving storage units
         * convert to IEC/SI standard data storage units
         * REPL mode with the last valid result stored for reuse
         * show the address in bytes
         * show address as LBA:OFFSET
         * convert CHS to LBA and vice versa
         * show binary, decimal and hex representation of a number
         * custom sector size, max heads/cylinder and max sectors/track
         * minimal dependencies

       bcal follows Ubuntu's standard unit conversion and notation policy. Only 64-bit  operating
       systems are supported.

       Refer to:


       1.  REPL  mode:  bcal  enters  the  REPL  mode  if no arguments are provided. Storage unit
           conversion and expression evaluation are supported in this mode. The last valid result
           is stored in the variable r.

       2.  Expression:  An  expression  must be within double quotes. Inner spaces are ignored. A
           unit can be added to, subtracted from or divided  by  another  unit.  A  unit  can  be
           multiplied or divided by positive integers.

       3.  N   [unit]:   N   can   be  a  decimal  or  '0x'  prefixed  hex  value.  unit  can  be
           B/KiB/MiB/GiB/TiB/kB/MB/GB/TB following Ubuntu policy. Default  is  byte.  As  all  of
           these tokens are unique, unit is case-insensitive.

       4.  Numeric  representation:  Decimal  and  hex  are  recognized  in  expressions and unit
           conversions. Binary is also recognized in other operations.

       5.  Syntax: Prefix hex inputs with '0x', binary inputs with '0b'.

       6.  Precision: 128 bits if __uint128_t is available or 64 bits for numerical  conversions.
           Floating point operations use long double. Negative arguments are unsupported.

       7.  Fractional  bytes  do not exist, because they can't be addressed. bcal shows the floor
           value of non-integer bytes.

       8.  CHS and LBA syntax:
             - LBA: 'lLBA-MAX_HEAD-MAX_SECTOR'   [NOTE: LBA starts with 'l' (case ignored)]
             - CHS: 'cC-H-S-MAX_HEAD-MAX_SECTOR' [NOTE: CHS starts with 'c' (case ignored)]
             - Format conversion arguments must be hyphen separated.
             - Any unspecified value, including the one  preceding  the  first  '-'  to  the  one
           following the last '-', is considered '0' (zero).

       9.  Default values:
             - sector size: 0x200 (512)
             - max heads per cylinder: 0x10 (16)
             - max sectors per track: 0x3f (63)

       10. bc variables: scale = 5, ibase = 10. bc is not called in minimal output mode.


       -c=N   Show decimal, binary and hex representation of positive integer N.

              Convert  CHS to LBA or LBA to CHS. FORMAT is hyphen-separated representation of LBA
              or CHS.

              LBA: lLBA-MAX_HEAD-MAX_SECTOR (starts with 'l')
              CHS: cC-H-S-MAX_HEAD-MAX_SECTOR (starts with 'c')

              Omitted values, (other than MAX_HEAD and  MAX_SECTOR)  are  considered  0.  Default
              MAX_HEAD: 16, default MAX_SECTOR: 63.

              Sector size in bytes. Default value is 512.

       -m     Show minimal output (e.g. decimal bytes).

       -b     Show sizes of basic data types on the system in bytes.

       -d     Enable debug information and logs.

       -h     Show program help and exit.


       1.  Evaluate arithmetic expression of storage units

              $ bcal "(5kb+2mb)/3"
              $ bcal "5 tb / 12"
              $ bcal "2.5mb*3"
              $ bcal "(2giB * 2) / 2kib"

       2.  Convert storage capacity to other units and get address, LBA.

              $ bcal 20140115 b
              $ bcal 0x1335053 B
              $ bcal 0xaabbcc kb
              $ bcal 0xdef Gib
              Note that the units are case-insensitive.

       3.  Convert storage capacity, set sector size to 4096 to calculate LBA.

              $ bcal 0xaabbcc kb -s 4096

       4.  Convert LBA to CHS.

              $ bcal -f l500
              $ bcal -f l0x600-18-0x7e
              $ bcal -f l0x300-0x12-0x7e

       5.  Convert CHS to LBA.

              $ bcal -f c10-10-10
              $ bcal -f c0x10-0x10-0x10
              $ bcal -f c0x10-10-2-0x12
              $ bcal -f c-10-2-0x12
              $ bcal -f c0x10-10--0x12

       6.  Show binary, decimal and hex representations of a number.

              $ bcal -c 20140115
              $ bcal -c 0b1001100110101000001010011
              $ bcal -c 0x1335053


       Arun Prakash Jana <>




       Copyright © 2016-2018 Arun Prakash Jana <>

       License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <>.
       This  is  free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY,
       to the extent permitted by law.