Provided by: borgbackup_1.1.7-1_amd64 bug


       borg-init - Initialize an empty repository


       borg [common options] init [options] [REPOSITORY]


       This  command  initializes  an  empty  repository.  A repository is a filesystem directory
       containing the deduplicated data from zero or more archives.

       Encryption can be enabled at repository init time. It cannot be changed later.

       It is not recommended to work without encryption. Repository encryption protects you  e.g.
       against the case that an attacker has access to your backup repository.

       But be careful with the key / the passphrase:

       If  you  want  "passphrase-only"  security,  use one of the repokey modes. The key will be
       stored inside the repository (in its "config" file). In above mentioned  attack  scenario,
       the attacker will have the key (but not the passphrase).

       If  you  want  "passphrase and having-the-key" security, use one of the keyfile modes. The
       key will be stored in your home directory (in .config/borg/keys).  In the attack scenario,
       the  attacker  who  has  just  access  to  your  repo won't have the key (and also not the

       Make a backup copy of the key file (keyfile mode) or repo config file (repokey  mode)  and
       keep it at a safe place, so you still have the key in case it gets corrupted or lost. Also
       keep the passphrase at a safe place.  The backup that is encrypted  with  that  key  won't
       help you with that, of course.

       Make  sure you use a good passphrase. Not too short, not too simple. The real encryption /
       decryption key is encrypted with / locked by your passphrase.  If an  attacker  gets  your
       key, he can't unlock and use it without knowing the passphrase.

       Be careful with special or non-ascii characters in your passphrase:

       · Borg  processes the passphrase as unicode (and encodes it as utf-8), so it does not have
         problems dealing with even the strangest characters.

       · BUT: that does not necessarily apply to your OS / VM / keyboard configuration.

       So better use a long passphrase made from  simple  ascii  chars  than  one  that  includes
       non-ascii  stuff  or  characters that are hard/impossible to enter on a different keyboard

       You can change your passphrase for existing  repos  at  any  time,  it  won't  affect  the
       encryption/decryption key or other secrets.

   Encryption modes
             │Hash/MAC │ Not   encrypted  no │ Not encrypted,  but  │ Encrypted  (AEAD w/ │
             │         │ auth                │ authenticated        │ AES)            and │
             │         │                     │                      │ authenticated       │
             │SHA-256  │ none                │ authenticated        │ repokey keyfile     │
             │BLAKE2b  │ n/a                 │ authenticated-blake2repokey-blake2      │
             │         │                     │                      │ keyfile-blake2      │

       Marked modes are new in Borg 1.1 and are not backwards-compatible with Borg 1.0.x.

       On  modern  Intel/AMD  CPUs (except very cheap ones), AES is usually hardware-accelerated.
       BLAKE2b is faster than SHA256 on Intel/AMD 64-bit CPUs (except AMD Ryzen and  future  CPUs
       with SHA extensions), which makes authenticated-blake2 faster than none and authenticated.

       On  modern  ARM CPUs, NEON provides hardware acceleration for SHA256 making it faster than
       BLAKE2b-256 there. NEON accelerates AES as well.

       Hardware acceleration is always used automatically when available.

       repokey and keyfile use AES-CTR-256 for encryption and HMAC-SHA256 for  authentication  in
       an  encrypt-then-MAC  (EtM) construction. The chunk ID hash is HMAC-SHA256 as well (with a
       separate key).  These modes are compatible with Borg 1.0.x.

       repokey-blake2 and  keyfile-blake2  are  also  authenticated  encryption  modes,  but  use
       BLAKE2b-256  instead  of  HMAC-SHA256  for  authentication.  The  chunk ID hash is a keyed
       BLAKE2b-256 hash.  These modes are new and not compatible with Borg 1.0.x.

       authenticated mode uses no encryption, but authenticates repository contents  through  the
       same  HMAC-SHA256 hash as the repokey and keyfile modes (it uses it as the chunk ID hash).
       The key is stored like repokey.  This mode is new and not compatible with Borg 1.0.x.

       authenticated-blake2 is like authenticated, but uses the keyed BLAKE2b-256 hash  from  the
       other blake2 modes.  This mode is new and not compatible with Borg 1.0.x.

       none  mode  uses no encryption and no authentication. It uses SHA256 as chunk ID hash. Not
       recommended, rather consider using an authenticated or authenticated/encrypted mode.  This
       mode has possible denial-of-service issues when running borg create on contents controlled
       by an attacker.  Use it only for new repositories where no encryption is wanted  and  when
       compatibility  with  1.0.x is important. If compatibility with 1.0.x is not important, use
       authenticated-blake2 or authenticated instead.  This mode is compatible with Borg 1.0.x.


       See borg-common(1) for common options of Borg commands.

              repository to create

   optional arguments
       -e MODE, --encryption MODE
              select encryption key mode (required)

              create an append-only mode repository

       --storage-quota QUOTA
              Set storage quota of the new repository (e.g. 5G, 1.5T). Default: no quota.


          # Local repository, repokey encryption, BLAKE2b (often faster, since Borg 1.1)
          $ borg init --encryption=repokey-blake2 /path/to/repo

          # Local repository (no encryption)
          $ borg init --encryption=none /path/to/repo

          # Remote repository (accesses a remote borg via ssh)
          $ borg init --encryption=repokey-blake2 user@hostname:backup

          # Remote repository (store the key your home dir)
          $ borg init --encryption=keyfile user@hostname:backup


       borg-common(1),    borg-create(1),    borg-delete(1),     borg-check(1),     borg-list(1),
       borg-key-import(1), borg-key-export(1), borg-key-change-passphrase(1)


       The Borg Collective

                                            2018-08-11                               BORG-INIT(1)