Provided by: dnsutils_9.11.4+dfsg-3ubuntu5_amd64 bug

NAME

       delv - DNS lookup and validation utility

SYNOPSIS

       delv [@server] [[-4] | [-6]] [-a anchor-file] [-b address] [-c class] [-d level] [-i] [-m]
            [-p port#] [-q name] [-t type] [-x addr] [name] [type] [class] [queryopt...]

       delv [-h]

       delv [-v]

       delv [queryopt...] [query...]

DESCRIPTION

       delv is a tool for sending DNS queries and validating the results, using the same internal
       resolver and validator logic as named.

       delv will send to a specified name server all queries needed to fetch and validate the
       requested data; this includes the original requested query, subsequent queries to follow
       CNAME or DNAME chains, and queries for DNSKEY, DS and DLV records to establish a chain of
       trust for DNSSEC validation. It does not perform iterative resolution, but simulates the
       behavior of a name server configured for DNSSEC validating and forwarding.

       By default, responses are validated using built-in DNSSEC trust anchor for the root zone
       ("."). Records returned by delv are either fully validated or were not signed. If
       validation fails, an explanation of the failure is included in the output; the validation
       process can be traced in detail. Because delv does not rely on an external server to carry
       out validation, it can be used to check the validity of DNS responses in environments
       where local name servers may not be trustworthy.

       Unless it is told to query a specific name server, delv will try each of the servers
       listed in /etc/resolv.conf. If no usable server addresses are found, delv will send
       queries to the localhost addresses (127.0.0.1 for IPv4, ::1 for IPv6).

       When no command line arguments or options are given, delv will perform an NS query for "."
       (the root zone).

SIMPLE USAGE

       A typical invocation of delv looks like:

            delv @server name type

       where:

       server
           is the name or IP address of the name server to query. This can be an IPv4 address in
           dotted-decimal notation or an IPv6 address in colon-delimited notation. When the
           supplied server argument is a hostname, delv resolves that name before querying that
           name server (note, however, that this initial lookup is not validated by DNSSEC).

           If no server argument is provided, delv consults /etc/resolv.conf; if an address is
           found there, it queries the name server at that address. If either of the -4 or -6
           options are in use, then only addresses for the corresponding transport will be tried.
           If no usable addresses are found, delv will send queries to the localhost addresses
           (127.0.0.1 for IPv4, ::1 for IPv6).

       name
           is the domain name to be looked up.

       type
           indicates what type of query is required — ANY, A, MX, etc.  type can be any valid
           query type. If no type argument is supplied, delv will perform a lookup for an A
           record.

OPTIONS

       -a anchor-file
           Specifies a file from which to read DNSSEC trust anchors. The default is
           /etc/bind.keys, which is included with BIND 9 and contains one or more trust anchors
           for the root zone (".").

           Keys that do not match the root zone name are ignored. An alternate key name can be
           specified using the +root=NAME options. DNSSEC Lookaside Validation can also be turned
           on by using the +dlv=NAME to specify the name of a zone containing DLV records.

           Note: When reading the trust anchor file, delv treats managed-keys statements and
           trusted-keys statements identically. That is, for a managed key, it is the initial key
           that is trusted; RFC 5011 key management is not supported.  delv will not consult the
           managed-keys database maintained by named. This means that if either of the keys in
           /etc/bind.keys is revoked and rolled over, it will be necessary to update
           /etc/bind.keys to use DNSSEC validation in delv.

       -b address
           Sets the source IP address of the query to address. This must be a valid address on
           one of the host's network interfaces or "0.0.0.0" or "::". An optional source port may
           be specified by appending "#<port>"

       -c class
           Sets the query class for the requested data. Currently, only class "IN" is supported
           in delv and any other value is ignored.

       -d level
           Set the systemwide debug level to level. The allowed range is from 0 to 99. The
           default is 0 (no debugging). Debugging traces from delv become more verbose as the
           debug level increases. See the +mtrace, +rtrace, and +vtrace options below for
           additional debugging details.

       -h
           Display the delv help usage output and exit.

       -i
           Insecure mode. This disables internal DNSSEC validation. (Note, however, this does not
           set the CD bit on upstream queries. If the server being queried is performing DNSSEC
           validation, then it will not return invalid data; this can cause delv to time out.
           When it is necessary to examine invalid data to debug a DNSSEC problem, use dig +cd.)

       -m
           Enables memory usage debugging.

       -p port#
           Specifies a destination port to use for queries instead of the standard DNS port
           number 53. This option would be used with a name server that has been configured to
           listen for queries on a non-standard port number.

       -q name
           Sets the query name to name. While the query name can be specified without using the
           -q, it is sometimes necessary to disambiguate names from types or classes (for
           example, when looking up the name "ns", which could be misinterpreted as the type NS,
           or "ch", which could be misinterpreted as class CH).

       -t type
           Sets the query type to type, which can be any valid query type supported in BIND 9
           except for zone transfer types AXFR and IXFR. As with -q, this is useful to
           distinguish query name type or class when they are ambiguous. it is sometimes
           necessary to disambiguate names from types.

           The default query type is "A", unless the -x option is supplied to indicate a reverse
           lookup, in which case it is "PTR".

       -v
           Print the delv version and exit.

       -x addr
           Performs a reverse lookup, mapping an addresses to a name.  addr is an IPv4 address in
           dotted-decimal notation, or a colon-delimited IPv6 address. When -x is used, there is
           no need to provide the name or type arguments.  delv automatically performs a lookup
           for a name like 11.12.13.10.in-addr.arpa and sets the query type to PTR. IPv6
           addresses are looked up using nibble format under the IP6.ARPA domain.

       -4
           Forces delv to only use IPv4.

       -6
           Forces delv to only use IPv6.

QUERY OPTIONS

       delv provides a number of query options which affect the way results are displayed, and in
       some cases the way lookups are performed.

       Each query option is identified by a keyword preceded by a plus sign (+). Some keywords
       set or reset an option. These may be preceded by the string no to negate the meaning of
       that keyword. Other keywords assign values to options like the timeout interval. They have
       the form +keyword=value. The query options are:

       +[no]cdflag
           Controls whether to set the CD (checking disabled) bit in queries sent by delv. This
           may be useful when troubleshooting DNSSEC problems from behind a validating resolver.
           A validating resolver will block invalid responses, making it difficult to retrieve
           them for analysis. Setting the CD flag on queries will cause the resolver to return
           invalid responses, which delv can then validate internally and report the errors in
           detail.

       +[no]class
           Controls whether to display the CLASS when printing a record. The default is to
           display the CLASS.

       +[no]ttl
           Controls whether to display the TTL when printing a record. The default is to display
           the TTL.

       +[no]rtrace
           Toggle resolver fetch logging. This reports the name and type of each query sent by
           delv in the process of carrying out the resolution and validation process: this
           includes including the original query and all subsequent queries to follow CNAMEs and
           to establish a chain of trust for DNSSEC validation.

           This is equivalent to setting the debug level to 1 in the "resolver" logging category.
           Setting the systemwide debug level to 1 using the -d option will product the same
           output (but will affect other logging categories as well).

       +[no]mtrace
           Toggle message logging. This produces a detailed dump of the responses received by
           delv in the process of carrying out the resolution and validation process.

           This is equivalent to setting the debug level to 10 for the "packets" module of the
           "resolver" logging category. Setting the systemwide debug level to 10 using the -d
           option will produce the same output (but will affect other logging categories as
           well).

       +[no]vtrace
           Toggle validation logging. This shows the internal process of the validator as it
           determines whether an answer is validly signed, unsigned, or invalid.

           This is equivalent to setting the debug level to 3 for the "validator" module of the
           "dnssec" logging category. Setting the systemwide debug level to 3 using the -d option
           will produce the same output (but will affect other logging categories as well).

       +[no]short
           Provide a terse answer. The default is to print the answer in a verbose form.

       +[no]comments
           Toggle the display of comment lines in the output. The default is to print comments.

       +[no]rrcomments
           Toggle the display of per-record comments in the output (for example, human-readable
           key information about DNSKEY records). The default is to print per-record comments.

       +[no]crypto
           Toggle the display of cryptographic fields in DNSSEC records. The contents of these
           field are unnecessary to debug most DNSSEC validation failures and removing them makes
           it easier to see the common failures. The default is to display the fields. When
           omitted they are replaced by the string "[omitted]" or in the DNSKEY case the key id
           is displayed as the replacement, e.g. "[ key id = value ]".

       +[no]trust
           Controls whether to display the trust level when printing a record. The default is to
           display the trust level.

       +[no]split[=W]
           Split long hex- or base64-formatted fields in resource records into chunks of W
           characters (where W is rounded up to the nearest multiple of 4).  +nosplit or +split=0
           causes fields not to be split at all. The default is 56 characters, or 44 characters
           when multiline mode is active.

       +[no]all
           Set or clear the display options +[no]comments, +[no]rrcomments, and +[no]trust as a
           group.

       +[no]multiline
           Print long records (such as RRSIG, DNSKEY, and SOA records) in a verbose multi-line
           format with human-readable comments. The default is to print each record on a single
           line, to facilitate machine parsing of the delv output.

       +[no]dnssec
           Indicates whether to display RRSIG records in the delv output. The default is to do
           so. Note that (unlike in dig) this does not control whether to request DNSSEC records
           or whether to validate them. DNSSEC records are always requested, and validation will
           always occur unless suppressed by the use of -i or +noroot and +nodlv.

       +[no]root[=ROOT]
           Indicates whether to perform conventional (non-lookaside) DNSSEC validation, and if
           so, specifies the name of a trust anchor. The default is to validate using a trust
           anchor of "." (the root zone), for which there is a built-in key. If specifying a
           different trust anchor, then -a must be used to specify a file containing the key.

       +[no]dlv[=DLV]
           Indicates whether to perform DNSSEC lookaside validation, and if so, specifies the
           name of the DLV trust anchor. The -a option must also be used to specify a file
           containing the DLV key.

       +[no]tcp
           Controls whether to use TCP when sending queries. The default is to use UDP unless a
           truncated response has been received.

       +[no]unknownformat
           Print all RDATA in unknown RR type presentation format (RFC 3597). The default is to
           print RDATA for known types in the type's presentation format.

FILES

       /etc/bind.keys

       /etc/resolv.conf

SEE ALSO

       dig(1), named(8), RFC4034, RFC4035, RFC4431, RFC5074, RFC5155.

AUTHOR

       Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright © 2014-2018 Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")