Provided by: foomatic-filters_4.0.17-10_amd64 bug

NAME

       foomatic-rip - Universal print filter/RIP wrapper

SYNOPSIS

   General Options:
       foomatic-rip [-v] [-q] <spooler-specific options>

   Spooler-less printing/CPS (older versions) filter:
       foomatic-rip [-P <printer>   |  --ppd  <ppdfile> ]  [-J <jobtitle> ] [-o  <option>=<value>
        [...]]  [<files>]

   CUPS filter:
       foomatic-rip <jobid> <user> <jobtitle> <numcopies> <options> [<file>]

   LPRng filter:
       foomatic-rip --lprng [-J<jobtitle>]  [-Z<option>=<value>  [,<option>=<value>    [,   ...]]
        <ppdfile>

       foomatic-rip  [-J<jobtitle>] [-Z<option>=<value> [,<option>=<value>[,  ...]]
       (printcap :pdd=<ppdfile>)

       foomatic-rip --ppd <ppdfile>[-J<jobtitle>] [-Z<option>=<value> [,<option>=<value>[,  ...]]

   LPD/GNUlpr filter:
       foomatic-rip [-w <number>] [-l <number>]                      [-x <number>] [-y <number>]
       [-i <number>] [-c] [-n <string>]  [-h <string>] [-j|-J <jobtitle>|<options>] <ppdfile>

   PPR RIP:
       foomatic-rip [<option>=<value> [...]]

   PPR interface:
       foomatic-rip <queue> <destaddress> <options> <jobbreak>   <feedback>   <codes>   <jobname>
        <routing>  <for>  <filetype>  [<file>]

   PDQ driver file generation:
       foomatic-rip [--ppd <ppdfile>] [-o                 <option>=<value>                 [...]]
        --genpdq|--appendpdq|--genrawpdq|--appendrawpdq

   PDQ filter:
       foomatic-rip --pdq --ppd <ppdfile>] [-o <option>=<value> [...]] <file>

   CPS (newer versions) filter:
       foomatic-rip --cps -P <printer>    [-J <jobtitle>   ]    [-o    <option>=<value>    [...]]
        [<files>]

DESCRIPTION

       foomatic-rip  is  a  universal  print  filter  which  works with every known free software
       printer spooler. It has the following features:

       It translates PostScript and PDF (and also other file formats) from standard input to  the
       printer's native language (usually put to standard output).

       The  translation  is  done  with  an external renderer, usually Ghostscript (gs(1)). If no
       translation is needed (PostScript printer) the renderer's command line reduces to  cat(1).
       The way how this translation is done is described in a PPD file.

       Printer  capabilities,  how  to handle user options, and how to build the renderer command
       line is always described by PPD files, these PPD files usually come from Foomatic  or  can
       be  the  ones  supplied by the manufacturers of PostScript printers. The PPD files are the
       same for all spoolers.

       foomatic-rip works with every known spooler (CUPS, LPRng, LPD, GNUlpr, PPR, PDQ, CPS,  and
       without spooler). It auto-detects the spooler from which it was called by the command line
       options and environment variables which were supplied by the spooler.

       Non-PostScript/PDF files are translated to  PostScript  before  they  are  passed  to  the
       renderer. This is usually done by a2ps(1), enscript(1), mpage(1), or paps(1). foomatic-rip
       auto-detects which program is installed, but manual configuration is also possible.

       Recommended is a2ps because it detects many file types  (text,  most  image  formats)  and
       together  with  ImageMagick(1)  (for  images)  and  Ghostscript(1)  it  converts  them  to
       PostScript. The other tools convert only text files. However at present paps is  the  only
       one to support files encoded in utf-8.

       foomatic-rip  does not only apply option settings supplied by the user through the command
       line of the printing command, but  also  searches  the  entire  job  for  embedded  option
       settings  (only  PostScript  jobs).  Here not only settings which affect the whole job are
       taken into account, but also settings in the page headers, which are only  valid  for  the
       page  where  they  were  found,  so  applications which produce PostScript code with page-
       specific printer option settings are fully supported.

SPOOLER-LESS PRINTING

   Options
       -v        verbose mode for debugging.  WARNING: This will  create  a  file  in  /tmp  that
                 contains  the  debugging information.  This opens a security loophole and should
                 not be used in production.

       -q        quiet mode - minimal information output

       -P <printer>
                 <printer> is the configured printer which should be used for this job.

       --ppd <ppdfile>
                 The PPD file <ppdfile> should be applied for processing this job.

       -J <jobtitle>
                 The <jobtitle> will be printed in the head line of every page of  a  plain  text
                 job.

       -o <option>=<value>
                 Option settings for this job, do

                 foomatic-rip -P <printer> -o docs <file>

                 (<file>  can  be an arbitrary existing file, as .bashrc, will not be printed) to
                 print a list of available options for the specified <printer>.

       <files>   The file(s) to be printed.

       foomatic-rip will print from standard input unless at least one  file  to  be  printed  is
       specified   on   the   command   line.    If   your   printer   PPD   file  is  stored  as
       /etc/direct/<printer>.ppd or ~/.foomatic/direct/<printer>.ppd you can  use  it  by  simply
       specifying "-P <printer>".

       Put a line

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| <command>"

       into  the PPD file, right after *PPD-Adobe: "4.3", where <command> is a command into which
       you want to re-direct the output data. Due to the restrictions of PPD files <,  >,  and  "
       are not allowed in the <command>, replace them as follows:

       Character Replacement
       ---------------------
            <    &lt;
            >    &gt;
            "    &quot;
            '    &apos;
            &    &amp;

       This way you can print directly to your printer, use

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| cat &gt; /dev/lp0"

       or

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| cat &gt; /dev/usb/lp0"

       for  local  parallel or USB printers. To make normal users able to print this way add them
       to the group lp and make sure that the appropriate printer device file /dev/... is  group-
       writable for the lp group.

       for  a  TCP/Socket/JetDirect printer with the host name printer listening on port 9100 you
       need this:

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| /usr/bin/nc -w 1 printer 9100"

       Note the "-w 1" in the "nc" command line, it makes "nc" exiting immediately after the data
       is transferred to the printer.

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| rlpr -Plp@printserver"

       directs your jobs to the LPD printer queue lp on the machine named printserver.

       See also http://www.openprinting.org/direct-doc.html

PRINTING WITH SPOOLER

       See the documentation on the OpenPrinting Web site: http://www.openprinting.org/

CONFIGURATION FILE

       The  file  /etc/foomatic/filter.conf  is read whenever foomatic-rip is executed. It allows
       one to configure the behavior of foomatic-rip as  follows  (lines  beginning  with  #  are
       comments and therefore get ignored):

       textfilter: <command>
                 Selects  the  filter for input files which are not PostScript or PDF.  <command>
                 is one of a2ps, enscript, mpage, or paps.   foomatic-rip  automatically  selects
                 the needed command line options.

       debug: 0|1
                 Turns  on  (1)  or  off  (0) the debug mode. This is equivalent to supplying the
                 --debug command line option. Default setting is 0.

       ps_accounting: 0|1
                 Turns on (1) or off (0) inserting  PostScript  code  for  page  accounting  into
                 PostScript  jobs.  The  inserted  PostScript  code  makes Ghostscript generating
                 accounting output on stderr and CUPS can  this  way  log  each  page  which  got
                 printed.  The code will only be inserted if CUPS is the spooler. Default setting
                 is 1.

       echo: [<path>/]<executable>
                 Sets the path to an echo(1) executable which supports -n.

       gspath: [<path>/]<executable>
                 Sets the path to the Ghostscript (gs(1)) executable. To be used  if  Ghostscript
                 is at a non-standard location or if an alternative Ghostscript should be used.

       execpath: <path>[:<path>]...
                 Sets the $PATH variable to be used by foomatic-rip.

       cupsfilterpath: <path>[:<path>]...
                 Sets  the  directories (colon-separated) in which foomatic-rip searches for CUPS
                 filters.

       preferred_shell: [<path>/]<executable>
                 Sets the preferred  shell  to  use  when  executing  FoomaticRIPCommandLine  and
                 friends. Several PPD files use shell constructs that require a more modern shell
                 like bash, zsh, or ksh.

FILES

       /etc/cups/ppd/<printer>.ppd
       /etc/lpd/<printer>.ppd
       /etc/ppr/<printer>.ppd
       /etc/pdq/<printer>.ppd
       /etc/direct/<printer>.ppd

               The PPD files of the currently defined printers

       /etc/foomatic/filter.conf

               Configuration file for foomatic-rip

EXIT STATUS

       foomatic-rip returns 0 unless something unexpected happens.

AUTHOR

       Till   Kamppeter   <till.kamppeter@gmail.com>   with   parts   of   Manfred    Wassmanns's
       <manolo@NCC-1701.B.Shuttle.de> man pages for the Foomatic 2.0.x filters.

BUGS

       None so far.

       Please send bug reports to the Foomatic mailing list:

       http://lists.freestandards.org/mailman/listinfo/printing-foomatic