Provided by: git-man_2.19.1-1ubuntu1_all bug

NAME

       git-interpret-trailers - add or parse structured information in commit messages

SYNOPSIS

       git interpret-trailers [<options>] [(--trailer <token>[(=|:)<value>])...] [<file>...]
       git interpret-trailers [<options>] [--parse] [<file>...]

DESCRIPTION

       Help parsing or adding trailers lines, that look similar to RFC 822 e-mail headers, at the
       end of the otherwise free-form part of a commit message.

       This command reads some patches or commit messages from either the <file> arguments or the
       standard input if no <file> is specified. If --parse is specified, the output consists of
       the parsed trailers.

       Otherwise, this command applies the arguments passed using the --trailer option, if any,
       to the commit message part of each input file. The result is emitted on the standard
       output.

       Some configuration variables control the way the --trailer arguments are applied to each
       commit message and the way any existing trailer in the commit message is changed. They
       also make it possible to automatically add some trailers.

       By default, a <token>=<value> or <token>:<value> argument given using --trailer will be
       appended after the existing trailers only if the last trailer has a different (<token>,
       <value>) pair (or if there is no existing trailer). The <token> and <value> parts will be
       trimmed to remove starting and trailing whitespace, and the resulting trimmed <token> and
       <value> will appear in the message like this:

           token: value

       This means that the trimmed <token> and <value> will be separated by ': ' (one colon
       followed by one space).

       By default the new trailer will appear at the end of all the existing trailers. If there
       is no existing trailer, the new trailer will appear after the commit message part of the
       output, and, if there is no line with only spaces at the end of the commit message part,
       one blank line will be added before the new trailer.

       Existing trailers are extracted from the input message by looking for a group of one or
       more lines that (i) is all trailers, or (ii) contains at least one Git-generated or
       user-configured trailer and consists of at least 25% trailers. The group must be preceded
       by one or more empty (or whitespace-only) lines. The group must either be at the end of
       the message or be the last non-whitespace lines before a line that starts with ---. Such
       three minus signs start the patch part of the message.

       When reading trailers, there can be whitespaces after the token, the separator and the
       value. There can also be whitespaces inside the token and the value. The value may be
       split over multiple lines with each subsequent line starting with whitespace, like the
       "folding" in RFC 822.

       Note that trailers do not follow and are not intended to follow many rules for RFC 822
       headers. For example they do not follow the encoding rules and probably many other rules.

OPTIONS

       --in-place
           Edit the files in place.

       --trim-empty
           If the <value> part of any trailer contains only whitespace, the whole trailer will be
           removed from the resulting message. This applies to existing trailers as well as new
           trailers.

       --trailer <token>[(=|:)<value>]
           Specify a (<token>, <value>) pair that should be applied as a trailer to the input
           messages. See the description of this command.

       --where <placement>, --no-where
           Specify where all new trailers will be added. A setting provided with --where
           overrides all configuration variables and applies to all --trailer options until the
           next occurrence of --where or --no-where. Possible values are after, before, end or
           start.

       --if-exists <action>, --no-if-exists
           Specify what action will be performed when there is already at least one trailer with
           the same <token> in the message. A setting provided with --if-exists overrides all
           configuration variables and applies to all --trailer options until the next occurrence
           of --if-exists or --no-if-exists. Possible actions are addIfDifferent,
           addIfDifferentNeighbor, add, replace and doNothing.

       --if-missing <action>, --no-if-missing
           Specify what action will be performed when there is no other trailer with the same
           <token> in the message. A setting provided with --if-missing overrides all
           configuration variables and applies to all --trailer options until the next occurrence
           of --if-missing or --no-if-missing. Possible actions are doNothing or add.

       --only-trailers
           Output only the trailers, not any other parts of the input.

       --only-input
           Output only trailers that exist in the input; do not add any from the command-line or
           by following configured trailer.*  rules.

       --unfold
           Remove any whitespace-continuation in trailers, so that each trailer appears on a line
           by itself with its full content.

       --parse
           A convenience alias for --only-trailers --only-input --unfold.

CONFIGURATION VARIABLES

       trailer.separators
           This option tells which characters are recognized as trailer separators. By default
           only : is recognized as a trailer separator, except that = is always accepted on the
           command line for compatibility with other git commands.

           The first character given by this option will be the default character used when
           another separator is not specified in the config for this trailer.

           For example, if the value for this option is "%=$", then only lines using the format
           <token><sep><value> with <sep> containing %, = or $ and then spaces will be considered
           trailers. And % will be the default separator used, so by default trailers will appear
           like: <token>% <value> (one percent sign and one space will appear between the token
           and the value).

       trailer.where
           This option tells where a new trailer will be added.

           This can be end, which is the default, start, after or before.

           If it is end, then each new trailer will appear at the end of the existing trailers.

           If it is start, then each new trailer will appear at the start, instead of the end, of
           the existing trailers.

           If it is after, then each new trailer will appear just after the last trailer with the
           same <token>.

           If it is before, then each new trailer will appear just before the first trailer with
           the same <token>.

       trailer.ifexists
           This option makes it possible to choose what action will be performed when there is
           already at least one trailer with the same <token> in the message.

           The valid values for this option are: addIfDifferentNeighbor (this is the default),
           addIfDifferent, add, replace or doNothing.

           With addIfDifferentNeighbor, a new trailer will be added only if no trailer with the
           same (<token>, <value>) pair is above or below the line where the new trailer will be
           added.

           With addIfDifferent, a new trailer will be added only if no trailer with the same
           (<token>, <value>) pair is already in the message.

           With add, a new trailer will be added, even if some trailers with the same (<token>,
           <value>) pair are already in the message.

           With replace, an existing trailer with the same <token> will be deleted and the new
           trailer will be added. The deleted trailer will be the closest one (with the same
           <token>) to the place where the new one will be added.

           With doNothing, nothing will be done; that is no new trailer will be added if there is
           already one with the same <token> in the message.

       trailer.ifmissing
           This option makes it possible to choose what action will be performed when there is
           not yet any trailer with the same <token> in the message.

           The valid values for this option are: add (this is the default) and doNothing.

           With add, a new trailer will be added.

           With doNothing, nothing will be done.

       trailer.<token>.key
           This key will be used instead of <token> in the trailer. At the end of this key, a
           separator can appear and then some space characters. By default the only valid
           separator is :, but this can be changed using the trailer.separators config variable.

           If there is a separator, then the key will be used instead of both the <token> and the
           default separator when adding the trailer.

       trailer.<token>.where
           This option takes the same values as the trailer.where configuration variable and it
           overrides what is specified by that option for trailers with the specified <token>.

       trailer.<token>.ifexists
           This option takes the same values as the trailer.ifexists configuration variable and
           it overrides what is specified by that option for trailers with the specified <token>.

       trailer.<token>.ifmissing
           This option takes the same values as the trailer.ifmissing configuration variable and
           it overrides what is specified by that option for trailers with the specified <token>.

       trailer.<token>.command
           This option can be used to specify a shell command that will be called to
           automatically add or modify a trailer with the specified <token>.

           When this option is specified, the behavior is as if a special <token>=<value>
           argument were added at the beginning of the command line, where <value> is taken to be
           the standard output of the specified command with any leading and trailing whitespace
           trimmed off.

           If the command contains the $ARG string, this string will be replaced with the <value>
           part of an existing trailer with the same <token>, if any, before the command is
           launched.

           If some <token>=<value> arguments are also passed on the command line, when a
           trailer.<token>.command is configured, the command will also be executed for each of
           these arguments. And the <value> part of these arguments, if any, will be used to
           replace the $ARG string in the command.

EXAMPLES

       ·   Configure a sign trailer with a Signed-off-by key, and then add two of these trailers
           to a message:

               $ git config trailer.sign.key "Signed-off-by"
               $ cat msg.txt
               subject

               message
               $ cat msg.txt | git interpret-trailers --trailer 'sign: Alice <alice@example.com>' --trailer 'sign: Bob <bob@example.com>'
               subject

               message

               Signed-off-by: Alice <alice@example.com>
               Signed-off-by: Bob <bob@example.com>

       ·   Use the --in-place option to edit a message file in place:

               $ cat msg.txt
               subject

               message

               Signed-off-by: Bob <bob@example.com>
               $ git interpret-trailers --trailer 'Acked-by: Alice <alice@example.com>' --in-place msg.txt
               $ cat msg.txt
               subject

               message

               Signed-off-by: Bob <bob@example.com>
               Acked-by: Alice <alice@example.com>

       ·   Extract the last commit as a patch, and add a Cc and a Reviewed-by trailer to it:

               $ git format-patch -1
               0001-foo.patch
               $ git interpret-trailers --trailer 'Cc: Alice <alice@example.com>' --trailer 'Reviewed-by: Bob <bob@example.com>' 0001-foo.patch >0001-bar.patch

       ·   Configure a sign trailer with a command to automatically add a 'Signed-off-by: ' with
           the author information only if there is no 'Signed-off-by: ' already, and show how it
           works:

               $ git config trailer.sign.key "Signed-off-by: "
               $ git config trailer.sign.ifmissing add
               $ git config trailer.sign.ifexists doNothing
               $ git config trailer.sign.command 'echo "$(git config user.name) <$(git config user.email)>"'
               $ git interpret-trailers <<EOF
               > EOF

               Signed-off-by: Bob <bob@example.com>
               $ git interpret-trailers <<EOF
               > Signed-off-by: Alice <alice@example.com>
               > EOF

               Signed-off-by: Alice <alice@example.com>

       ·   Configure a fix trailer with a key that contains a # and no space after this
           character, and show how it works:

               $ git config trailer.separators ":#"
               $ git config trailer.fix.key "Fix #"
               $ echo "subject" | git interpret-trailers --trailer fix=42
               subject

               Fix #42

       ·   Configure a see trailer with a command to show the subject of a commit that is
           related, and show how it works:

               $ git config trailer.see.key "See-also: "
               $ git config trailer.see.ifExists "replace"
               $ git config trailer.see.ifMissing "doNothing"
               $ git config trailer.see.command "git log -1 --oneline --format=\"%h (%s)\" --abbrev-commit --abbrev=14 \$ARG"
               $ git interpret-trailers <<EOF
               > subject
               >
               > message
               >
               > see: HEAD~2
               > EOF
               subject

               message

               See-also: fe3187489d69c4 (subject of related commit)

       ·   Configure a commit template with some trailers with empty values (using sed to show
           and keep the trailing spaces at the end of the trailers), then configure a commit-msg
           hook that uses git interpret-trailers to remove trailers with empty values and to add
           a git-version trailer:

               $ sed -e 's/ Z$/ /' >commit_template.txt <<EOF
               > ***subject***
               >
               > ***message***
               >
               > Fixes: Z
               > Cc: Z
               > Reviewed-by: Z
               > Signed-off-by: Z
               > EOF
               $ git config commit.template commit_template.txt
               $ cat >.git/hooks/commit-msg <<EOF
               > #!/bin/sh
               > git interpret-trailers --trim-empty --trailer "git-version: \$(git describe)" "\$1" > "\$1.new"
               > mv "\$1.new" "\$1"
               > EOF
               $ chmod +x .git/hooks/commit-msg

SEE ALSO

       git-commit(1), git-format-patch(1), git-config(1)

GIT

       Part of the git(1) suite