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NAME

       lit - LLVM Integrated Tester

SYNOPSIS

       lit [options] [tests]

DESCRIPTION

       lit  is  a portable tool for executing LLVM and Clang style test suites, summarizing their
       results, and providing indication of failures.   lit  is  designed  to  be  a  lightweight
       testing tool with as simple a user interface as possible.

       lit  should be run with one or more tests to run specified on the command line.  Tests can
       be either individual test files or directories to search for tests (see TEST DISCOVERY).

       Each specified test will be executed (potentially in parallel) and  once  all  tests  have
       been  run lit will print summary information on the number of tests which passed or failed
       (see TEST STATUS RESULTS).  The lit program will execute with a non-zero exit code if  any
       tests fail.

       By  default  lit  will  use  a  succinct  progress  display  and  will  only print summary
       information for test failures.   See  OUTPUT  OPTIONS  for  options  controlling  the  lit
       progress display and output.

       lit  also  includes  a  number of options for controlling how tests are executed (specific
       features may depend on the particular  test  format).   See  EXECUTION  OPTIONS  for  more
       information.

       Finally,  lit  also  supports  additional options for only running a subset of the options
       specified on the command line, see SELECTION OPTIONS for more information.

       Users interested in the lit architecture or designing a lit testing implementation  should
       see LIT INFRASTRUCTURE.

GENERAL OPTIONS

       -h, --help
              Show the lit help message.

       -j N, --threads=N
              Run  N  tests  in  parallel.  By default, this is automatically chosen to match the
              number of detected available CPUs.

       --config-prefix=NAME
              Search for NAME.cfg and NAME.site.cfg when searching for test  suites,  instead  of
              lit.cfg and lit.site.cfg.

       -D NAME[=VALUE], --param NAME[=VALUE]
              Add  a user defined parameter NAME with the given VALUE (or the empty string if not
              given).  The meaning and use of these parameters is test suite dependent.

OUTPUT OPTIONS

       -q, --quiet
              Suppress any output except for test failures.

       -s, --succinct
              Show less output, for example don’t show information on tests that pass.

       -v, --verbose
              Show more information on test failures, for example the entire test output  instead
              of just the test result.

       -vv, --echo-all-commands
              Echo  all commands to stdout, as they are being executed.  This can be valuable for
              debugging test failures, as the last echoed command  will  be  the  one  which  has
              failed.  This option implies --verbose.

       -a, --show-all
              Show  more information about all tests, for example the entire test commandline and
              output.

       --no-progress-bar
              Do not use curses based progress bar.

       --show-unsupported
              Show the names of unsupported tests.

       --show-xfail
              Show the names of tests that were expected to fail.

EXECUTION OPTIONS

       --path=PATH
              Specify an additional PATH to use when searching for executables in tests.

       --vg   Run  individual  tests   under   valgrind   (using   the   memcheck   tool).    The
              --error-exitcode argument for valgrind is used so that valgrind failures will cause
              the program to exit with a non-zero status.

              When this option is enabled, lit  will  also  automatically  provide  a  “valgrind”
              feature  that  can  be used to conditionally disable (or expect failure in) certain
              tests.

       --vg-arg=ARG
              When --vg is used, specify an additional argument to pass to valgrind itself.

       --vg-leak
              When --vg is used, enable memory leak checks.  When this  option  is  enabled,  lit
              will   also  automatically  provide  a  “vg_leak”  feature  that  can  be  used  to
              conditionally disable (or expect failure in) certain tests.

       --time-tests
              Track the wall time individual tests take to execute and includes  the  results  in
              the  summary  output.   This  is useful for determining which tests in a test suite
              take the most time to execute.  Note that this option is most useful with -j 1.

SELECTION OPTIONS

       --max-tests=N
              Run at most N tests and then terminate.

       --max-time=N
              Spend at most N seconds (approximately) running tests and then terminate.

       --shuffle
              Run the tests in a random order.

       --num-shards=M
              Divide the set of selected tests into M equal-sized subsets or  “shards”,  and  run
              only  one  of  them.  Must be used with the --run-shard=N option, which selects the
              shard to run. The environment variable LIT_NUM_SHARDS can also be used in place  of
              this  option.  These  two  options provide a coarse mechanism for paritioning large
              testsuites, for parallel execution on separate machines (say  in  a  large  testing
              farm).

       --run-shard=N
              Select which shard to run, assuming the --num-shards=M option was provided. The two
              options must be used together, and the value of N must be in the  range  1..M.  The
              environment variable LIT_RUN_SHARD can also be used in place of this option.

       --filter=REGEXP
              Run only those tests whose name matches the regular expression specified in REGEXP.
              The environment variable LIT_FILTER can be also used in place of this option, which
              is especially useful in environments where the call to lit is issued indirectly.

ADDITIONAL OPTIONS

       --debug
              Run lit in debug mode, for debugging configuration issues and lit itself.

       --show-suites
              List the discovered test suites and exit.

       --show-tests
              List all of the discovered tests and exit.

EXIT STATUS

       lit  will  exit with an exit code of 1 if there are any FAIL or XPASS results.  Otherwise,
       it will exit with the status 0.  Other exit codes are used for non-test  related  failures
       (for example a user error or an internal program error).

TEST DISCOVERY

       The  inputs  passed  to  lit  can  be  either  individual  tests, or entire directories or
       hierarchies of tests to run.  When lit starts up, the first thing it does is  convert  the
       inputs into a complete list of tests to run as part of test discovery.

       In  the  lit model, every test must exist inside some test suite.  lit resolves the inputs
       specified on the command line to test suites by searching  upwards  from  the  input  path
       until it finds a lit.cfg or lit.site.cfg file.  These files serve as both a marker of test
       suites and as configuration files which lit loads in order to understand how to  find  and
       run the tests inside the test suite.

       Once  lit  has  mapped  the inputs into test suites it traverses the list of inputs adding
       tests for individual files and recursively searching for tests in directories.

       This behavior makes it easy to specify a subset of tests to run, while still allowing  the
       test  suite  configuration to control exactly how tests are interpreted.  In addition, lit
       always identifies tests by the test suite they are in, and their relative path inside  the
       test  suite.  For appropriately configured projects, this allows lit to provide convenient
       and flexible support for out-of-tree builds.

TEST STATUS RESULTS

       Each test ultimately produces one of the following six results:

       PASS
          The test succeeded.

       XFAIL
          The test failed, but that is expected.  This is  used  for  test  formats  which  allow
          specifying that a test does not currently work, but wish to leave it in the test suite.

       XPASS
          The  test  succeeded,  but  it was expected to fail.  This is used for tests which were
          specified as expected to fail, but are now succeeding (generally  because  the  feature
          they test was broken and has been fixed).

       FAIL
          The test failed.

       UNRESOLVED
          The  test result could not be determined.  For example, this occurs when the test could
          not be run, the test itself is invalid, or the test was interrupted.

       UNSUPPORTED
          The test is not supported in this environment.  This is used by test formats which  can
          report unsupported tests.

       Depending  on  the test format tests may produce additional information about their status
       (generally only for failures).  See the OUTPUT OPTIONS section for more information.

LIT INFRASTRUCTURE

       This section describes the lit testing architecture for users interested in creating a new
       lit testing implementation, or extending an existing one.

       lit proper is primarily an infrastructure for discovering and running arbitrary tests, and
       to expose a single convenient interface to these tests. lit itself doesn’t know how to run
       tests, rather this logic is defined by test suites.

   TEST SUITES
       As described in TEST DISCOVERY, tests are always located inside a test suite.  Test suites
       serve to define the format of the tests they contain, the logic for finding  those  tests,
       and any additional information to run the tests.

       lit  identifies  test  suites as directories containing lit.cfg or lit.site.cfg files (see
       also --config-prefix).  Test suites are initially discovered by recursively  searching  up
       the  directory  hierarchy for all the input files passed on the command line.  You can use
       --show-suites to display the discovered test suites at startup.

       Once a test suite is discovered, its config file is loaded.  Config files  themselves  are
       Python  modules  which  will be executed.  When the config file is executed, two important
       global variables are predefined:

       lit_config
          The global lit configuration object (a LitConfig instance), which defines  the  builtin
          test   formats,   global  configuration  parameters,  and  other  helper  routines  for
          implementing test configurations.

       config
          This is the config object (a TestingConfig instance) for  the  test  suite,  which  the
          config file is expected to populate.  The following variables are also available on the
          config object, some of which must be set by the  config  and  others  are  optional  or
          predefined:

          name [required] The name of the test suite, for use in reports and diagnostics.

          test_format  [required]  The  test format object which will be used to discover and run
          tests in the test suite.  Generally this will be a builtin test format  available  from
          the lit.formats module.

          test_source_root  The  filesystem  path  to the test suite root.  For out-of-dir builds
          this is the directory that will be scanned for tests.

          test_exec_root For out-of-dir builds, the path to the test suite root inside the object
          directory.  This is where tests will be run and temporary output files placed.

          environment  A  dictionary  representing the environment to use when executing tests in
          the suite.

          suffixes For lit test formats which scan directories for tests, this variable is a list
          of suffixes to identify test files.  Used by: ShTest.

          substitutions  For  lit test formats which substitute variables into a test script, the
          list of substitutions to perform.  Used by: ShTest.

          unsupported Mark an unsupported directory, all tests within  it  will  be  reported  as
          unsupported.  Used by: ShTest.

          parent The parent configuration, this is the config object for the directory containing
          the test suite, or None.

          root The root configuration.  This is the top-most lit configuration in the project.

          pipefail Normally a test using a shell pipe fails if any of the commands  on  the  pipe
          fail.  If  this is not desired, setting this variable to false makes the test fail only
          if the last command in the pipe fails.

          available_features A set  of  features  that  can  be  used  in  XFAIL,  REQUIRES,  and
          UNSUPPORTED directives.

   TEST DISCOVERY
       Once  test  suites  are located, lit recursively traverses the source directory (following
       test_source_root) looking for tests.  When lit enters a sub-directory, it first checks  to
       see  if a nested test suite is defined in that directory.  If so, it loads that test suite
       recursively, otherwise it instantiates a local test config for the  directory  (see  LOCAL
       CONFIGURATION FILES).

       Tests  are  identified  by the test suite they are contained within, and the relative path
       inside that suite.  Note that the relative path may not refer to an actual file  on  disk;
       some  test  formats  (such  as  GoogleTest)  define “virtual tests” which have a path that
       contains both the path to the actual test file and a subpath to identify the virtual test.

   LOCAL CONFIGURATION FILES
       When lit loads a subdirectory in a test suite, it instantiates a local test  configuration
       by  cloning  the  configuration  for the parent directory — the root of this configuration
       chain will always be a test suite.  Once the test configuration is cloned lit checks for a
       lit.local.cfg  file  in the subdirectory.  If present, this file will be loaded and can be
       used to specialize the configuration for each individual directory.  This facility can  be
       used  to  define  subdirectories  of  optional  tests,  or  to  change other configuration
       parameters — for example, to change the test format, or the suffixes which  identify  test
       files.

   PRE-DEFINED SUBSTITUTIONS
       lit provides various patterns that can be used with the RUN command.  These are defined in
       TestRunner.py. The base set of substitutions are:

                              ┌───────────┬──────────────────────────────────┐
                              │Macro      │ Substitution                     │
                              ├───────────┼──────────────────────────────────┤
                              │%s         │ source path (path  to  the  file │
                              │           │ currently being run)             │
                              ├───────────┼──────────────────────────────────┤
                              │%S         │ source  dir  (directory  of  the │
                              │           │ file currently being run)        │
                              ├───────────┼──────────────────────────────────┤
                              │%p         │ same as %S                       │
                              ├───────────┼──────────────────────────────────┤
                              │%{pathsep} │ path separator                   │
                              ├───────────┼──────────────────────────────────┤
                              │%t         │ temporary file  name  unique  to │
                              │           │ the test                         │
                              ├───────────┼──────────────────────────────────┤
                              │%T         │ temporary  directory  unique  to │
                              │           │ the test                         │
                              ├───────────┼──────────────────────────────────┤
                              │%%         │ %                                │
                              └───────────┴──────────────────────────────────┘

       Other substitutions are provided  that  are  variations  on  this  base  set  and  further
       substitution  patterns  can  be  defined  by  each  test  module.  See  the  modules LOCAL
       CONFIGURATION FILES.

       More detailed information on substitutions can be found in the ../TestingGuide.

   TEST RUN OUTPUT FORMAT
       The lit output for a test run conforms to the following schema, in both short and  verbose
       modes  (although  in short mode no PASS lines will be shown).  This schema has been chosen
       to be relatively easy to reliably  parse  by  a  machine  (for  example  in  buildbot  log
       scraping), and for other tools to generate.

       Each test result is expected to appear on a line that matches:

          <result code>: <test name> (<progress info>)

       where  <result-code>  is  a  standard  test  result  such  as  PASS,  FAIL,  XFAIL, XPASS,
       UNRESOLVED, or UNSUPPORTED.  The performance result codes of IMPROVED  and  REGRESSED  are
       also allowed.

       The <test name> field can consist of an arbitrary string containing no newline.

       The  <progress  info>  field can be used to report progress information such as (1/300) or
       can be empty, but even when empty the parentheses are required.

       Each test result may include additional  (multiline)  log  information  in  the  following
       format:

          <log delineator> TEST '(<test name>)' <trailing delineator>
          ... log message ...
          <log delineator>

       where  <test  name> should be the name of a preceding reported test, <log delineator> is a
       string of “*” characters at least four characters long (the recommended length is 20), and
       <trailing delineator> is an arbitrary (unparsed) string.

       The following is an example of a test run output which consists of four tests A, B, C, and
       D, and a log message for the failing test C:

          PASS: A (1 of 4)
          PASS: B (2 of 4)
          FAIL: C (3 of 4)
          ******************** TEST 'C' FAILED ********************
          Test 'C' failed as a result of exit code 1.
          ********************
          PASS: D (4 of 4)

   LIT EXAMPLE TESTS
       The lit distribution contains several  example  implementations  of  test  suites  in  the
       ExampleTests directory.

SEE ALSO

       valgrind(1)

AUTHOR

       Maintained by The LLVM Team (http://llvm.org/).

COPYRIGHT

       2003-2018, LLVM Project