Provided by: mariadb-server-core-10.1_10.1.29-6ubuntu2_amd64 bug


       mysql_upgrade - check tables for MariaDB upgrade


       mysql_upgrade [options]


       mysql_upgrade examines all tables in all databases for incompatibilities with the current
       version of the MariaDB Server.  mysql_upgrade also upgrades the system tables so that you
       can take advantage of new privileges or capabilities that might have been added.

       mysql_upgrade should be executed each time you upgrade MariaDB.

       If a table is found to have a possible incompatibility, mysql_upgrade performs a table
       check. If any problems are found, a table repair is attempted.

           On Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista, you must run mysql_upgrade with
           administrator privileges. You can do this by running a Command Prompt as Administrator
           and running the command. Failure to do so may result in the upgrade failing to execute

           You should always back up your current MariaDB installation before performing an

       To use mysql_upgrade, make sure that the server is running, and then invoke it like this:

           shell> mysql_upgrade [options]

       After running mysql_upgrade, stop the server and restart it so that any changes made to
       the system tables take effect.

       mysql_upgrade executes the following commands to check and repair tables and to upgrade
       the system tables:

           mysqlcheck --all-databases --check-upgrade --auto-repair
           mysql < fix_priv_tables
           mysqlcheck --all-databases --check-upgrade --fix-db-names --fix-table-names

       Notes about the preceding commands:

       ·   Because mysql_upgrade invokes mysqlcheck with the --all-databases option, it processes
           all tables in all databases, which might take a long time to complete. Each table is
           locked and therefore unavailable to other sessions while it is being processed. Check
           and repair operations can be time-consuming, particularly for large tables.

       ·   For details about what checks the --check-upgrade option entails, see the description
           of the FOR UPGRADE option of the CHECK TABLE statement.

       ·   fix_priv_tables represents a script generated internally by mysql_upgrade that
           contains SQL statements to upgrade the tables in the mysql database.

       All checked and repaired tables are marked with the current MariaDB version number. This
       ensures that next time you run mysql_upgrade with the same version of the server, it can
       tell whether there is any need to check or repair the table again.

       mysql_upgrade also saves the MariaDB version number in a file named mysql_upgrade_info in
       the data directory. This is used to quickly check whether all tables have been checked for
       this release so that table-checking can be skipped. To ignore this file and perform the
       check regardless, use the --force option.

       If you install MariaDB from RPM packages on Linux, you must install the server and client
       RPMs.  mysql_upgrade is included in the server RPM but requires the client RPM because the
       latter includes mysqlcheck.

       mysql_upgrade supports the following options, which can be specified on the command line
       or in the [mysql_upgrade] and [client] option file groups. Other options are passed to
       mysqlcheck. For example, it might be necessary to specify the --password[=password]
       option.  mysql_upgrade also supports the options for processing option files.

       ·   --help, -?

           Display a short help message and exit.

       ·   --basedir=path

           Old option accepted for backward compatibility but ignored.

       ·   --character-sets-dir=path

           Old option accepted for backward compatibility but ignored.

       ·   --datadir=path

           Old option accepted for backward compatibility but ignored.

       ·   --debug=path, -# path

           For debug builds, output debug log.

       ·   --debug-check

           Print some debugging information when the program exits.

       ·   --debug-info, -T

           Print debugging information and memory and CPU usage statistics when the program

       ·   --default-character-set=name

           Old option accepted for backward compatibility but ignored.

       ·   --force

           Ignore the mysql_upgrade_info file and force execution of mysqlcheck even if
           mysql_upgrade has already been executed for the current version of MariaDB.

       ·   --host

           Connect to MariaDB on the given host.

       ·   --password[=password], -p[password]

           The password to use when connecting to the server. If you use the short option form
           (-p), you cannot have a space between the option and the password. If you omit the
           password value following the --password or -p option on the command line,
           mysql_upgrade prompts for one.

           Specifying a password on the command line should be considered insecure. You can use
           an option file to avoid giving the password on the command line.

       ·   --port=port_num, -P port_num

           The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection.

       ·   --protocol={TCP|SOCKET|PIPE|MEMORY}

           The connection protocol to use for connecting to the server. It is useful when the
           other connection parameters normally would cause a protocol to be used other than the
           one you want.

       ·   --silent

           Print less information.

       ·   --socket=path, -S path

           For connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use, or, on Windows, the name of
           the named pipe to use.

       ·   --ssl

           Enable SSL for connection (automatically enabled with other flags). Disable with

       ·   --ssl-ca=name

           CA file in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       ·   --ssl-capath=name

           CA directory (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       ·   --ssl-cert=name

           X509 cert in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       ·   --ssl-cipher=name

           SSL cipher to use (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       ·   --ssl-key=name

           X509 key in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       ·   --ssl-crl=name

           Certificate revocation list (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       ·   --ssl-crlpath=name

           Certificate revocation list path (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       ·   --ssl-verify-server-cert

           Verify server's "Common Name" in its cert against hostname used when connecting. This
           option is disabled by default.

       ·   --tmpdir=path, -t path

           The path name of the directory to use for creating temporary files.

       ·   --upgrade-system-tables, -s

           Only upgrade the system tables in the mysql database. Tables in other databases are
           not checked or touched.

       ·   --user=user_name, -u user_name

           The MariaDB user name to use when connecting to the server and not using the current

       ·   --verbose

           Display more output about the process. Using it twice will print connection arguments;
           using it 3 times will print out all CHECK, RENAME and ALTER TABLE commands used during
           the check phase; using it 4 times (added in MariaDB 10.0.14) will also write out all
           mysqlcheck commands used.

       ·   --version, -V

           Output version information and exit.

       ·   --version-check, -k

           Run this program only if its 'server version' matches the version of the server to
           which it's connecting. Note: the 'server version' of the program is the version of the
           MariaDB server with which it was built/distributed. Defaults to on; use
           --skip-version-check to disable.

       ·   --write-binlog

           Cause binary logging to be enabled while mysql_upgrade runs. This is the default
           behavior; to disable binary logging during the upgrade, use the inverse of this option
           (that is, start the program with --skip-write-binlog).


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       WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
       PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

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       For more information, please refer to the MariaDB Knowledge Base, available online at


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