Provided by: openssl_1.1.1-1ubuntu2_amd64 bug

NAME

       openssl - OpenSSL command line tool

SYNOPSIS

       openssl command [ command_opts ] [ command_args ]

       openssl list [ standard-commands | digest-commands | cipher-commands | cipher-algorithms |
       digest-algorithms | public-key-algorithms]

       openssl no-XXX [ arbitrary options ]

DESCRIPTION

       OpenSSL is a cryptography toolkit implementing the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL v2/v3) and
       Transport Layer Security (TLS v1) network protocols and related cryptography standards
       required by them.

       The openssl program is a command line tool for using the various cryptography functions of
       OpenSSL's crypto library from the shell.  It can be used for

        o  Creation and management of private keys, public keys and parameters
        o  Public key cryptographic operations
        o  Creation of X.509 certificates, CSRs and CRLs
        o  Calculation of Message Digests
        o  Encryption and Decryption with Ciphers
        o  SSL/TLS Client and Server Tests
        o  Handling of S/MIME signed or encrypted mail
        o  Time Stamp requests, generation and verification

COMMAND SUMMARY

       The openssl program provides a rich variety of commands (command in the SYNOPSIS above),
       each of which often has a wealth of options and arguments (command_opts and command_args
       in the SYNOPSIS).

       Many commands use an external configuration file for some or all of their arguments and
       have a -config option to specify that file.  The environment variable OPENSSL_CONF can be
       used to specify the location of the file.  If the environment variable is not specified,
       then the file is named openssl.cnf in the default certificate storage area, whose value
       depends on the configuration flags specified when the OpenSSL was built.

       The list parameters standard-commands, digest-commands, and cipher-commands output a list
       (one entry per line) of the names of all standard commands, message digest commands, or
       cipher commands, respectively, that are available in the present openssl utility.

       The list parameters cipher-algorithms and digest-algorithms list all cipher and message
       digest names, one entry per line. Aliases are listed as:

        from => to

       The list parameter public-key-algorithms lists all supported public key algorithms.

       The command no-XXX tests whether a command of the specified name is available.  If no
       command named XXX exists, it returns 0 (success) and prints no-XXX; otherwise it returns 1
       and prints XXX.  In both cases, the output goes to stdout and nothing is printed to
       stderr.  Additional command line arguments are always ignored.  Since for each cipher
       there is a command of the same name, this provides an easy way for shell scripts to test
       for the availability of ciphers in the openssl program.  (no-XXX is not able to detect
       pseudo-commands such as quit, list, or no-XXX itself.)

   Standard Commands
       asn1parse
           Parse an ASN.1 sequence.

       ca  Certificate Authority (CA) Management.

       ciphers
           Cipher Suite Description Determination.

       cms CMS (Cryptographic Message Syntax) utility.

       crl Certificate Revocation List (CRL) Management.

       crl2pkcs7
           CRL to PKCS#7 Conversion.

       dgst
           Message Digest Calculation.

       dh  Diffie-Hellman Parameter Management.  Obsoleted by dhparam(1).

       dhparam
           Generation and Management of Diffie-Hellman Parameters. Superseded by genpkey(1) and
           pkeyparam(1).

       dsa DSA Data Management.

       dsaparam
           DSA Parameter Generation and Management. Superseded by genpkey(1) and pkeyparam(1).

       ec  EC (Elliptic curve) key processing.

       ecparam
           EC parameter manipulation and generation.

       enc Encoding with Ciphers.

       engine
           Engine (loadable module) information and manipulation.

       errstr
           Error Number to Error String Conversion.

       gendh
           Generation of Diffie-Hellman Parameters.  Obsoleted by dhparam(1).

       gendsa
           Generation of DSA Private Key from Parameters. Superseded by genpkey(1) and pkey(1).

       genpkey
           Generation of Private Key or Parameters.

       genrsa
           Generation of RSA Private Key. Superseded by genpkey(1).

       nseq
           Create or examine a Netscape certificate sequence.

       ocsp
           Online Certificate Status Protocol utility.

       passwd
           Generation of hashed passwords.

       pkcs12
           PKCS#12 Data Management.

       pkcs7
           PKCS#7 Data Management.

       pkcs8
           PKCS#8 format private key conversion tool.

       pkey
           Public and private key management.

       pkeyparam
           Public key algorithm parameter management.

       pkeyutl
           Public key algorithm cryptographic operation utility.

       prime
           Compute prime numbers.

       rand
           Generate pseudo-random bytes.

       rehash
           Create symbolic links to certificate and CRL files named by the hash values.

       req PKCS#10 X.509 Certificate Signing Request (CSR) Management.

       rsa RSA key management.

       rsautl
           RSA utility for signing, verification, encryption, and decryption. Superseded by
           pkeyutl(1).

       s_client
           This implements a generic SSL/TLS client which can establish a transparent connection
           to a remote server speaking SSL/TLS. It's intended for testing purposes only and
           provides only rudimentary interface functionality but internally uses mostly all
           functionality of the OpenSSL ssl library.

       s_server
           This implements a generic SSL/TLS server which accepts connections from remote clients
           speaking SSL/TLS. It's intended for testing purposes only and provides only
           rudimentary interface functionality but internally uses mostly all functionality of
           the OpenSSL ssl library.  It provides both an own command line oriented protocol for
           testing SSL functions and a simple HTTP response facility to emulate an SSL/TLS-aware
           webserver.

       s_time
           SSL Connection Timer.

       sess_id
           SSL Session Data Management.

       smime
           S/MIME mail processing.

       speed
           Algorithm Speed Measurement.

       spkac
           SPKAC printing and generating utility.

       srp Maintain SRP password file.

       storeutl
           Utility to list and display certificates, keys, CRLs, etc.

       ts  Time Stamping Authority tool (client/server).

       verify
           X.509 Certificate Verification.

       version
           OpenSSL Version Information.

       x509
           X.509 Certificate Data Management.

   Message Digest Commands
       blake2b512
           BLAKE2b-512 Digest

       blake2s256
           BLAKE2s-256 Digest

       md2 MD2 Digest

       md4 MD4 Digest

       md5 MD5 Digest

       mdc2
           MDC2 Digest

       rmd160
           RMD-160 Digest

       sha1
           SHA-1 Digest

       sha224
           SHA-2 224 Digest

       sha256
           SHA-2 256 Digest

       sha384
           SHA-2 384 Digest

       sha512
           SHA-2 512 Digest

       sha3-224
           SHA-3 224 Digest

       sha3-256
           SHA-3 256 Digest

       sha3-384
           SHA-3 384 Digest

       sha3-512
           SHA-3 512 Digest

       shake128
           SHA-3 SHAKE128 Digest

       shake256
           SHA-3 SHAKE256 Digest

       sm3 SM3 Digest

   Encoding and Cipher Commands
       base64
           Base64 Encoding

       bf, bf-cbc, bf-cfb, bf-ecb, bf-ofb
           Blowfish Cipher

       cast, cast-cbc
           CAST Cipher

       cast5-cbc, cast5-cfb, cast5-ecb, cast5-ofb
           CAST5 Cipher

       des, des-cbc, des-cfb, des-ecb, des-ede, des-ede-cbc, des-ede-cfb, des-ede-ofb, des-ofb
           DES Cipher

       des3, desx, des-ede3, des-ede3-cbc, des-ede3-cfb, des-ede3-ofb
           Triple-DES Cipher

       idea, idea-cbc, idea-cfb, idea-ecb, idea-ofb
           IDEA Cipher

       rc2, rc2-cbc, rc2-cfb, rc2-ecb, rc2-ofb
           RC2 Cipher

       rc4 RC4 Cipher

       rc5, rc5-cbc, rc5-cfb, rc5-ecb, rc5-ofb
           RC5 Cipher

OPTIONS

       Details of which options are available depend on the specific command.  This section
       describes some common options with common behavior.

   Common Options
       -help
           Provides a terse summary of all options.

   Pass Phrase Options
       Several commands accept password arguments, typically using -passin and -passout for input
       and output passwords respectively. These allow the password to be obtained from a variety
       of sources. Both of these options take a single argument whose format is described below.
       If no password argument is given and a password is required then the user is prompted to
       enter one: this will typically be read from the current terminal with echoing turned off.

       Note that character encoding may be relevant, please see passphrase-encoding(7).

       pass:password
           The actual password is password. Since the password is visible to utilities (like 'ps'
           under Unix) this form should only be used where security is not important.

       env:var
           Obtain the password from the environment variable var. Since the environment of other
           processes is visible on certain platforms (e.g. ps under certain Unix OSes) this
           option should be used with caution.

       file:pathname
           The first line of pathname is the password. If the same pathname argument is supplied
           to -passin and -passout arguments then the first line will be used for the input
           password and the next line for the output password. pathname need not refer to a
           regular file: it could for example refer to a device or named pipe.

       fd:number
           Read the password from the file descriptor number. This can be used to send the data
           via a pipe for example.

       stdin
           Read the password from standard input.

SEE ALSO

       asn1parse(1), ca(1), ciphers(1), cms(1), config(5), crl(1), crl2pkcs7(1), dgst(1),
       dhparam(1), dsa(1), dsaparam(1), ec(1), ecparam(1), enc(1), engine(1), errstr(1),
       gendsa(1), genpkey(1), genrsa(1), nseq(1), ocsp(1), passwd(1), pkcs12(1), pkcs7(1),
       pkcs8(1), pkey(1), pkeyparam(1), pkeyutl(1), prime(1), rand(1), rehash(1), req(1), rsa(1),
       rsautl(1), s_client(1), s_server(1), s_time(1), sess_id(1), smime(1), speed(1), spkac(1),
       srp(1), storeutl(1), ts(1), verify(1), version(1), x509(1), crypto(7), ssl(7),
       x509v3_config(5)

HISTORY

       The list-XXX-algorithms pseudo-commands were added in OpenSSL 1.0.0; For notes on the
       availability of other commands, see their individual manual pages.

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright 2000-2018 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

       Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License").  You may not use this file except in
       compliance with the License.  You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source
       distribution or at <https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.