Provided by: linux-tools-common_4.18.0-10.11_all bug

NAME

       perf-c2c - Shared Data C2C/HITM Analyzer.

SYNOPSIS

       perf c2c record [<options>] <command>
       perf c2c record [<options>] — [<record command options>] <command>
       perf c2c report [<options>]

DESCRIPTION

       C2C stands for Cache To Cache.

       The perf c2c tool provides means for Shared Data C2C/HITM analysis. It allows you to track
       down the cacheline contentions.

       The tool is based on x86’s load latency and precise store facility events provided by
       Intel CPUs. These events provide: - memory address of the access - type of the access
       (load and store details) - latency (in cycles) of the load access

       The c2c tool provide means to record this data and report back access details for
       cachelines with highest contention - highest number of HITM accesses.

       The basic workflow with this tool follows the standard record/report phase. User uses the
       record command to record events data and report command to display it.

RECORD OPTIONS

       -e, --event=
           Select the PMU event. Use perf mem record -e list to list available events.

       -v, --verbose
           Be more verbose (show counter open errors, etc).

       -l, --ldlat
           Configure mem-loads latency.

       -k, --all-kernel
           Configure all used events to run in kernel space.

       -u, --all-user
           Configure all used events to run in user space.

REPORT OPTIONS

       -k, --vmlinux=<file>
           vmlinux pathname

       -v, --verbose
           Be more verbose (show counter open errors, etc).

       -i, --input
           Specify the input file to process.

       -N, --node-info
           Show extra node info in report (see NODE INFO section)

       -c, --coalesce
           Specify sorting fields for single cacheline display. Following fields are available:
           tid,pid,iaddr,dso (see COALESCE)

       -g, --call-graph
           Setup callchains parameters. Please refer to perf-report man page for details.

       --stdio
           Force the stdio output (see STDIO OUTPUT)

       --stats
           Display only statistic tables and force stdio mode.

       --full-symbols
           Display full length of symbols.

       --no-source
           Do not display Source:Line column.

       --show-all
           Show all captured HITM lines, with no regard to HITM % 0.0005 limit.

       -f, --force
           Don’t do ownership validation.

       -d, --display
           Switch to HITM type (rmt, lcl) to display and sort on. Total HITMs as default.

C2C RECORD

       The perf c2c record command setup options related to HITM cacheline analysis and calls
       standard perf record command.

       Following perf record options are configured by default: (check perf record man page for
       details)

           -W,-d,--phys-data,--sample-cpu

       Unless specified otherwise with -e option, following events are monitored by default:

           cpu/mem-loads,ldlat=30/P
           cpu/mem-stores/P

       User can pass any perf record option behind -- mark, like (to enable callchains and system
       wide monitoring):

           $ perf c2c record -- -g -a

       Please check RECORD OPTIONS section for specific c2c record options.

C2C REPORT

       The perf c2c report command displays shared data analysis. It comes in two display modes:
       stdio and tui (default).

       The report command workflow is following: - sort all the data based on the cacheline
       address - store access details for each cacheline - sort all cachelines based on user
       settings - display data

       In general perf report output consist of 2 basic views: 1) most expensive cachelines list
       2) offsets details for each cacheline

       For each cacheline in the 1) list we display following data: (Both stdio and TUI modes
       follow the same fields output)

           Index
           - zero based index to identify the cacheline

           Cacheline
           - cacheline address (hex number)

           Total records
           - sum of all cachelines accesses

           Rmt/Lcl Hitm
           - cacheline percentage of all Remote/Local HITM accesses

           LLC Load Hitm - Total, Lcl, Rmt
           - count of Total/Local/Remote load HITMs

           Store Reference - Total, L1Hit, L1Miss
             Total - all store accesses
             L1Hit - store accesses that hit L1
             L1Hit - store accesses that missed L1

           Load Dram
           - count of local and remote DRAM accesses

           LLC Ld Miss
           - count of all accesses that missed LLC

           Total Loads
           - sum of all load accesses

           Core Load Hit - FB, L1, L2
           - count of load hits in FB (Fill Buffer), L1 and L2 cache

           LLC Load Hit - Llc, Rmt
           - count of LLC and Remote load hits

       For each offset in the 2) list we display following data:

           HITM - Rmt, Lcl
           - % of Remote/Local HITM accesses for given offset within cacheline

           Store Refs - L1 Hit, L1 Miss
           - % of store accesses that hit/missed L1 for given offset within cacheline

           Data address - Offset
           - offset address

           Pid
           - pid of the process responsible for the accesses

           Tid
           - tid of the process responsible for the accesses

           Code address
           - code address responsible for the accesses

           cycles - rmt hitm, lcl hitm, load
             - sum of cycles for given accesses - Remote/Local HITM and generic load

           cpu cnt
             - number of cpus that participated on the access

           Symbol
             - code symbol related to the 'Code address' value

           Shared Object
             - shared object name related to the 'Code address' value

           Source:Line
             - source information related to the 'Code address' value

           Node
             - nodes participating on the access (see NODE INFO section)

NODE INFO

       The Node field displays nodes that accesses given cacheline offset. Its output comes in 3
       flavors: - node IDs separated by , - node IDs with stats for each ID, in following format:
       Node{cpus %hitms %stores} - node IDs with list of affected CPUs in following format:
       Node{cpu list}

       User can switch between above flavors with -N option or use n key to interactively switch
       in TUI mode.

COALESCE

       User can specify how to sort offsets for cacheline.

       Following fields are available and governs the final output fields set for caheline
       offsets output:

           tid   - coalesced by process TIDs
           pid   - coalesced by process PIDs
           iaddr - coalesced by code address, following fields are displayed:
                      Code address, Code symbol, Shared Object, Source line
           dso   - coalesced by shared object

       By default the coalescing is setup with pid,iaddr.

STDIO OUTPUT

       The stdio output displays data on standard output.

       Following tables are displayed: Trace Event Information - overall statistics of memory
       accesses

           Global Shared Cache Line Event Information
           - overall statistics on shared cachelines

           Shared Data Cache Line Table
           - list of most expensive cachelines

           Shared Cache Line Distribution Pareto
           - list of all accessed offsets for each cacheline

TUI OUTPUT

       The TUI output provides interactive interface to navigate through cachelines list and to
       display offset details.

       For details please refer to the help window by pressing ? key.

CREDITS

       Although Don Zickus, Dick Fowles and Joe Mario worked together to get this implemented, we
       got lots of early help from Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo, Stephane Eranian, Jiri Olsa and Andi
       Kleen.

C2C BLOG

       Check Joe’s blog on c2c tool for detailed use case explanation:
       https://joemario.github.io/blog/2016/09/01/c2c-blog/

SEE ALSO

       perf-record(1), perf-mem(1)