Provided by: perl-doc_5.26.2-7_all bug

NAME

       perl5125delta - what is new for perl v5.12.5

DESCRIPTION

       This document describes differences between the 5.12.4 release and the 5.12.5 release.

       If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.12.3, first read perl5124delta,
       which describes differences between 5.12.3 and 5.12.4.

Security

   "Encode" decode_xs n-byte heap-overflow (CVE-2011-2939)
       A bug in "Encode" could, on certain inputs, cause the heap to overflow.  This problem has
       been corrected.  Bug reported by Robert Zacek.

   "File::Glob::bsd_glob()" memory error with GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC (CVE-2011-2728).
       Calling "File::Glob::bsd_glob" with the unsupported flag GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC would cause an
       access violation / segfault.  A Perl program that accepts a flags value from an external
       source could expose itself to denial of service or arbitrary code execution attacks.
       There are no known exploits in the wild.  The problem has been corrected by explicitly
       disabling all unsupported flags and setting unused function pointers to null.  Bug
       reported by Clément Lecigne.

   Heap buffer overrun in 'x' string repeat operator (CVE-2012-5195)
       Poorly written perl code that allows an attacker to specify the count to perl's 'x' string
       repeat operator can already cause a memory exhaustion denial-of-service attack. A flaw in
       versions of perl before 5.15.5 can escalate that into a heap buffer overrun; coupled with
       versions of glibc before 2.16, it possibly allows the execution of arbitrary code.

       This problem has been fixed.

Incompatible Changes

       There are no changes intentionally incompatible with 5.12.4. If any exist, they are bugs
       and reports are welcome.

Modules and Pragmata

   Updated Modules
       B::Concise

       B::Concise no longer produces mangled output with the -tree option [perl #80632].

       charnames

       A regression introduced in Perl 5.8.8 has been fixed, that caused charnames::viacode(0) to
       return "undef" instead of the string "NULL" [perl #72624].

       Encode has been upgraded from version 2.39 to version 2.39_01.

       See "Security".

       File::Glob has been upgraded from version 1.07 to version 1.07_01.

       See "Security".

       Unicode::UCD

       The documentation for the "upper" function now actually says "upper", not "lower".

       Module::CoreList

       Module::CoreList has been updated to version 2.50_02 to add data for this release.

Changes to Existing Documentation

   perlebcdic
       The perlebcdic document contains a helpful table to use in "tr///" to convert between
       EBCDIC and Latin1/ASCII.  Unfortunately, the table was the inverse of the one it
       describes.  This has been corrected.

   perlunicode
       The section on User-Defined Case Mappings had some bad markup and unclear sentences,
       making parts of it unreadable.  This has been rectified.

   perluniprops
       This document has been corrected to take non-ASCII platforms into account.

Installation and Configuration Improvements

   Platform Specific Changes
       Mac OS X
           There have been configuration and test fixes to make Perl build cleanly on Lion and
           Mountain Lion.

       NetBSD
           The NetBSD hints file was corrected to be compatible with NetBSD 6.*

Selected Bug Fixes

       ·   "chop" now correctly handles characters above "\x{7fffffff}" [perl #73246].

       ·   "($<,$>) = (...)" stopped working properly in 5.12.0.  It is supposed to make a single
           "setreuid()" call, rather than calling "setruid()" and "seteuid()" separately.
           Consequently it did not work properly.  This has been fixed [perl #75212].

       ·   Fixed a regression of kill() when a match variable is used for the process ID to kill
           [perl #75812].

       ·   "UNIVERSAL::VERSION" no longer leaks memory.  It started leaking in Perl 5.10.0.

       ·   The C-level "my_strftime" functions no longer leaks memory.  This fixes a memory leak
           in "POSIX::strftime" [perl #73520].

       ·   "caller" no longer leaks memory when called from the DB package if @DB::args was
           assigned to after the first call to "caller".  Carp was triggering this bug [perl
           #97010].

       ·   Passing to "index" an offset beyond the end of the string when the string is encoded
           internally in UTF8 no longer causes panics [perl #75898].

       ·   Syntax errors in "(?{...})" blocks in regular expressions no longer cause panic
           messages [perl #2353].

       ·   Perl 5.10.0 introduced some faulty logic that made "U*" in the middle of a pack
           template equivalent to "U0" if the input string was empty.  This has been fixed [perl
           #90160].

Errata

   split() and @_
       split() no longer modifies @_ when called in scalar or void context.  In void context it
       now produces a "Useless use of split" warning.  This is actually a change introduced in
       perl 5.12.0, but it was missed from that release's perl5120delta.

Acknowledgements

       Perl 5.12.5 represents approximately 17 months of development since Perl 5.12.4 and
       contains approximately 1,900 lines of changes across 64 files from 18 authors.

       Perl continues to flourish into its third decade thanks to a vibrant community of users
       and developers. The following people are known to have contributed the improvements that
       became Perl 5.12.5:

       Andy Dougherty, Chris 'BinGOs' Williams, Craig A. Berry, David Mitchell, Dominic
       Hargreaves, Father Chrysostomos, Florian Ragwitz, George Greer, Goro Fuji, Jesse Vincent,
       Karl Williamson, Leon Brocard, Nicholas Clark, Rafael Garcia-Suarez, Reini Urban, Ricardo
       Signes, Steve Hay, Tony Cook.

       The list above is almost certainly incomplete as it is automatically generated from
       version control history. In particular, it does not include the names of the (very much
       appreciated) contributors who reported issues to the Perl bug tracker.

       Many of the changes included in this version originated in the CPAN modules included in
       Perl's core. We're grateful to the entire CPAN community for helping Perl to flourish.

       For a more complete list of all of Perl's historical contributors, please see the AUTHORS
       file in the Perl source distribution.

Reporting Bugs

       If you find what you think is a bug, you might check the articles recently posted to the
       comp.lang.perl.misc newsgroup and the perl bug database at http://rt.perl.org/perlbug/ .
       There may also be information at http://www.perl.org/ , the Perl Home Page.

       If you believe you have an unreported bug, please run the perlbug program included with
       your release.  Be sure to trim your bug down to a tiny but sufficient test case.  Your bug
       report, along with the output of "perl -V", will be sent off to perlbug@perl.org to be
       analysed by the Perl porting team.

       If the bug you are reporting has security implications, which make it inappropriate to
       send to a publicly archived mailing list, then please send it to
       perl5-security-report@perl.org. This points to a closed subscription unarchived mailing
       list, which includes all the core committers, who be able to help assess the impact of
       issues, figure out a resolution, and help co-ordinate the release of patches to mitigate
       or fix the problem across all platforms on which Perl is supported. Please only use this
       address for security issues in the Perl core, not for modules independently distributed on
       CPAN.

SEE ALSO

       The Changes file for an explanation of how to view exhaustive details on what changed.

       The INSTALL file for how to build Perl.

       The README file for general stuff.

       The Artistic and Copying files for copyright information.