Provided by: postgresql-client-10_10.5-1_amd64 bug


       pg_receivewal - stream write-ahead logs from a PostgreSQL server


       pg_receivewal [option...]


       pg_receivewal is used to stream the write-ahead log from a running PostgreSQL cluster. The
       write-ahead log is streamed using the streaming replication protocol, and is written to a
       local directory of files. This directory can be used as the archive location for doing a
       restore using point-in-time recovery (see Section 25.3).

       pg_receivewal streams the write-ahead log in real time as it's being generated on the
       server, and does not wait for segments to complete like archive_command does. For this
       reason, it is not necessary to set archive_timeout when using pg_receivewal.

       Unlike the WAL receiver of a PostgreSQL standby server, pg_receivewal by default flushes
       WAL data only when a WAL file is closed. The option --synchronous must be specified to
       flush WAL data in real time.

       The write-ahead log is streamed over a regular PostgreSQL connection and uses the
       replication protocol. The connection must be made with a superuser or a user having
       REPLICATION permissions (see Section 21.2), and pg_hba.conf must permit the replication
       connection. The server must also be configured with max_wal_senders set high enough to
       leave at least one session available for the stream.

       If the connection is lost, or if it cannot be initially established, with a non-fatal
       error, pg_receivewal will retry the connection indefinitely, and reestablish streaming as
       soon as possible. To avoid this behavior, use the -n parameter.


       -D directory
           Directory to write the output to.

           This parameter is required.

           Do not error out when --create-slot is specified and a slot with the specified name
           already exists.

           Don't loop on connection errors. Instead, exit right away with an error.

       -s interval
           Specifies the number of seconds between status packets sent back to the server. This
           allows for easier monitoring of the progress from server. A value of zero disables the
           periodic status updates completely, although an update will still be sent when
           requested by the server, to avoid timeout disconnect. The default value is 10 seconds.

       -S slotname
           Require pg_receivewal to use an existing replication slot (see Section 26.2.6). When
           this option is used, pg_receivewal will report a flush position to the server,
           indicating when each segment has been synchronized to disk so that the server can
           remove that segment if it is not otherwise needed.

           When the replication client of pg_receivewal is configured on the server as a
           synchronous standby, then using a replication slot will report the flush position to
           the server, but only when a WAL file is closed. Therefore, that configuration will
           cause transactions on the primary to wait for a long time and effectively not work
           satisfactorily. The option --synchronous (see below) must be specified in addition to
           make this work correctly.

           Flush the WAL data to disk immediately after it has been received. Also send a status
           packet back to the server immediately after flushing, regardless of --status-interval.

           This option should be specified if the replication client of pg_receivewal is
           configured on the server as a synchronous standby, to ensure that timely feedback is
           sent to the server.

           Enables verbose mode.

       -Z level
           Enables gzip compression of write-ahead logs, and specifies the compression level (0
           through 9, 0 being no compression and 9 being best compression). The suffix .gz will
           automatically be added to all filenames.

       The following command-line options control the database connection parameters.

       -d connstr
           Specifies parameters used to connect to the server, as a connection string. See
           Section 33.1.1 for more information.

           The option is called --dbname for consistency with other client applications, but
           because pg_receivewal doesn't connect to any particular database in the cluster,
           database name in the connection string will be ignored.

       -h host
           Specifies the host name of the machine on which the server is running. If the value
           begins with a slash, it is used as the directory for the Unix domain socket. The
           default is taken from the PGHOST environment variable, if set, else a Unix domain
           socket connection is attempted.

       -p port
           Specifies the TCP port or local Unix domain socket file extension on which the server
           is listening for connections. Defaults to the PGPORT environment variable, if set, or
           a compiled-in default.

       -U username
           User name to connect as.

           Never issue a password prompt. If the server requires password authentication and a
           password is not available by other means such as a .pgpass file, the connection
           attempt will fail. This option can be useful in batch jobs and scripts where no user
           is present to enter a password.

           Force pg_receivewal to prompt for a password before connecting to a database.

           This option is never essential, since pg_receivewal will automatically prompt for a
           password if the server demands password authentication. However, pg_receivewal will
           waste a connection attempt finding out that the server wants a password. In some cases
           it is worth typing -W to avoid the extra connection attempt.

       pg_receivewal can perform one of the two following actions in order to control physical
       replication slots:

           Create a new physical replication slot with the name specified in --slot, then exit.

           Drop the replication slot with the name specified in --slot, then exit.

       Other options are also available:

           Print the pg_receivewal version and exit.

           Show help about pg_receivewal command line arguments, and exit.


       This utility, like most other PostgreSQL utilities, uses the environment variables
       supported by libpq (see Section 33.14).


       When using pg_receivewal instead of archive_command as the main WAL backup method, it is
       strongly recommended to use replication slots. Otherwise, the server is free to recycle or
       remove write-ahead log files before they are backed up, because it does not have any
       information, either from archive_command or the replication slots, about how far the WAL
       stream has been archived. Note, however, that a replication slot will fill up the server's
       disk space if the receiver does not keep up with fetching the WAL data.


       To stream the write-ahead log from the server at mydbserver and store it in the local
       directory /usr/local/pgsql/archive:

           $ pg_receivewal -h mydbserver -D /usr/local/pgsql/archive