Provided by: postgresql-10_10.5-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       pg_waldump - display a human-readable rendering of the write-ahead log of a PostgreSQL
       database cluster

SYNOPSIS

       pg_waldump [option...] [startseg [endseg]]

DESCRIPTION

       pg_waldump displays the write-ahead log (WAL) and is mainly useful for debugging or
       educational purposes.

       This utility can only be run by the user who installed the server, because it requires
       read-only access to the data directory.

OPTIONS

       The following command-line options control the location and format of the output:

       startseg
           Start reading at the specified log segment file. This implicitly determines the path
           in which files will be searched for, and the timeline to use.

       endseg
           Stop after reading the specified log segment file.

       -b
       --bkp-details
           Output detailed information about backup blocks.

       -e end
       --end=end
           Stop reading at the specified WAL location, instead of reading to the end of the log
           stream.

       -f
       --follow
           After reaching the end of valid WAL, keep polling once per second for new WAL to
           appear.

       -n limit
       --limit=limit
           Display the specified number of records, then stop.

       -p path
       --path=path
           Specifies a directory to search for log segment files or a directory with a pg_wal
           subdirectory that contains such files. The default is to search in the current
           directory, the pg_wal subdirectory of the current directory, and the pg_wal
           subdirectory of PGDATA.

       -r rmgr
       --rmgr=rmgr
           Only display records generated by the specified resource manager. If list is passed as
           name, print a list of valid resource manager names, and exit.

       -s start
       --start=start
           WAL location at which to start reading. The default is to start reading the first
           valid log record found in the earliest file found.

       -t timeline
       --timeline=timeline
           Timeline from which to read log records. The default is to use the value in startseg,
           if that is specified; otherwise, the default is 1.

       -V
       --version
           Print the pg_waldump version and exit.

       -x xid
       --xid=xid
           Only display records marked with the given transaction ID.

       -z
       --stats[=record]
           Display summary statistics (number and size of records and full-page images) instead
           of individual records. Optionally generate statistics per-record instead of per-rmgr.

       -?
       --help
           Show help about pg_waldump command line arguments, and exit.

NOTES

       Can give wrong results when the server is running.

       Only the specified timeline is displayed (or the default, if none is specified). Records
       in other timelines are ignored.

       pg_waldump cannot read WAL files with suffix .partial. If those files need to be read,
       .partial suffix needs to be removed from the file name.

SEE ALSO

       Section 30.5