Provided by: logwatch_7.4.3+git20161207-2ubuntu2_all bug

NAME

       postfix-logwatch - A Postfix log parser and analysis utility

SYNOPSIS

       postfix-logwatch [options] [logfile ...]

DESCRIPTION

       The  postfix-logwatch(1)  utility  is  a  Postfix  MTA log parser that produces summaries,
       details, and statistics regarding the operation of Postfix.

       This utility can be used as a standalone program,  or  as  a  Logwatch  filter  module  to
       produce Postfix summary and detailed reports from within Logwatch.

       Postfix-logwatch  is  able to produce a wide range of reports with data grouped and sorted
       as much as possible to reduce noise and highlight patterns.  Brief summary reports provide
       a  quick overview of general Postfix operations and message delivery, calling out warnings
       that may require attention.   Detailed  reports  provide  easy  to  scan,  hierarchically-
       arranged and organized information, with as much or little detail as desired.

       Postfix-logwatch outputs two principal sections: a Summary section and a Detailed section.
       For readability and quick scanning, all event or hit counts appear  in  the  left  column,
       followed  by  brief  description  of  the event type, and finally additional statistics or
       count representations may appear in the rightmost column.

       The following segment from a sample Summary report illustrates:

           ****** Summary ********************************************

                 81   *Warning: Connection rate limit reached (anvil)
                146   Warned

             68.310M  Bytes accepted                        71,628,177
             97.645M  Bytes delivered                      102,388,245
           ========   ================================================

               3464   Accepted                                  41.44%
               4895   Rejected                                  58.56%
           --------   ------------------------------------------------
               8359   Total                                    100.00%
           ========   ================================================

       The report warns that anvil's connection rate was hit 81 times,  a  Postfix  access  check
       WARN  action was logged 146 times, and a total of 68.310 megabytes (71,628,177 bytes) were
       accepted into the Postfix system, delivering 97.645 megabytes of  data  (due  to  multiple
       recipients).   The  Accepted and Rejected lines show that Postfix accepted 3464 (41.44% of
       the total messages) and rejected 4895 (the remaining 58.56%) of the  8359  total  messages
       (temporary rejects show up elsewhere).

       There  are  dozens  of sub-sections available in the Detailed report, each of whose output
       can be controlled in various ways.  Each sub-section attempts to  group  and  present  the
       most  meaningful  data at superior levels, while pushing less useful or noisy data towards
       inferior levels.  The goal is to provide as much benefit as possible from  smart  grouping
       of  data,  to  allow  faster report scanning, pattern identification, and problem solving.
       Data is always sorted in descending order by count, and then numerically by IP address  or
       alphabetically as appropriate.

       The  following  MX  errors  segment  from  a  sample Detailed report illustrates the basic
       hierarchical level structure of postfix-logwatch:

           ****** Detailed *******************************************

                261   MX errors --------------------------------------
                261      Unable to look up MX host
                222         Host not found
                 73            foolishspammer.local
                 60            completely.bogus.domain.example
                 11            friend.example.com
                 39         No address associated with hostname
                 23            dummymx.sample.net
                 16            pushn.spam.sample.com

       The postfix-logwatch utility reads from STDIN or from the named Postfix logfile.  Multiple
       logfile  arguments  may  be specified, each processed in order.  The user running postfix-
       logwatch must have read permission on each named log file.

   Options
       The options listed below affect the  operation  of  postfix-logwatch.   Options  specified
       later  on  the  command  line  override earlier ones.  Any option may be abbreviated to an
       unambiguous length.

       -f config_file
       --config_file config_file
              Use an alternate configuration file  config_file  instead  of  the  default.   This
              option  may be used more than once.  Multiple configuration files will be processed
              in the order presented on the command line.  See CONFIGURATION FILE below.

       --debug keywords
              Output debug information during the operation of postfix-logwatch.   The  parameter
              keywords  is  one or more comma or space separated keywords.  To obtain the list of
              valid keywords, use --debug xxx where xxx is any invalid keyword.

       --[no]delays
              Enables (disables) output of the message delays  percentiles  report.   The  delays
              percentiles  report  shows  percentiles  for  each  of the 4 delivery latency times
              reported  by  Postfix  (available  in  version  2.3  and   later)   in   the   form
              delays=a/b/c/d,  where  a  is  the amount of time before the active queue (includes
              time for previous delivery attempts and time in  the  deferred  queue),  b  is  the
              amount of time in the active queue up to delivery agent handoff, c is the amount of
              time spent making connections (including DNS, HELO and TLS) and d is the amount  of
              time  spent  delivering  the  message.  The total delay shown comes from the delay=
              field in a message delivery log line.

              Note: This report may consume a large amount of memory; if you have no use for  it,
              disable the delays report.

       --delays_percentiles p1 [p2 ...]
              Specifies the percentiles to be used in the message delays percentiles report.  The
              percentiles p1, p2, ... range from 0 to 100, inclusively.  The order of the list is
              not  sorted  -  the  report  will  output  the percentiles columns in the order you
              specify.

       --detail level
              Sets the maximum detail level  for  postfix-logwatch  to  level.   This  option  is
              global, overriding any other output limiters described below.

              The  postfix-logwatch  utility  produces a Summary section, a Detailed section, and
              additional report sections.  With level less than 5, postfix-logwatch will  produce
              only  the  Summary  section.   At  level 5 and above, the Detailed section, and any
              additional report sections are candidates for output.  Each incremental increase in
              level  generates  one  additional  hierarchical sub-level of output in the Detailed
              section of the report.  At level 10, all levels are output.  Lines that exceed  the
              maximum  report width (specified with max_report_width) will be cut.  Setting level
              to 11 will prevent lines in the report from being cut (see also --line_style).

       --help Print usage information and a brief description about command line options.

       --ignore_service pattern
              Ignore log lines that  contain  the  postfix  service  name  postfix/service.   The
              parameter service is a regular expression.

              Note:  if  you  use  parenthesis  in  your  regular  expression,  be  sure they are
              cloistering and not capturing: use  (?:pattern) instead of (pattern).

       --ipaddr_width width
              Specifies that IP addresses in address/hostname pairs  should  be  printed  with  a
              field  width of width characters.  Increasing the default may be useful for systems
              using long IPv6 addresses.

       -l limiter=levelspec
       --limit limiter=levelspec
              Sets the level limiter limiter with the specification levelspec.

       --line_style style
              Specifies how to handle long report  lines.   Three  styles  are  available:  full,
              truncate,  and  wrap.   Setting  style  to  full  will  prevent  cutting  lines  to
              max_report_width; this is what occurs when detail is 11 or higher.  When  style  is
              truncate (the default), long lines will be truncated according to max_report_width.
              Setting style to wrap will wrap lines longer than max_report_width such  that  left
              column  hit  counts  are  not obscured.  This option takes precedence over the line
              style implied by the detail level.  The options --full, --truncate, and --wrap  are
              synonyms.

       --[no]long_queue_ids
              Enables (disables) interpretation of long queue IDs in Postfix (>= 2.9) logs.

       --nodetail
              Disables  the  Detailed  section of the report, and all supplemental reports.  This
              option provides a convenient mechanism to quickly disable all  sections  under  the
              Detailed  report,  where  subsequent command line options may re-enable one or more
              sections to create specific reports.

       --[no]summary

       --show_summary
              Enables (disables) displaying of the  the  Summary  section  of  the  report.   The
              variable Posfix_Show_Summary in used in a configuration file.

       --recipient_delimiter delimiter
              Split  email  delivery addresses using the recipient delimiter character delimiter.
              This should generally  match  the  recipient_delimiter  specified  in  the  Postfix
              parameter   file   main.cf,   or   the  default  value  indicated  in  postconf  -d
              recipient_delimiter.  This is very useful for obtaining per-alias statistics when a
              recipient delimeter is used for mail delivery.

       --reject_reply_patterns r1 [r2 ...]
              Specifies  the  list  of  reject reply patterns used to create reject groups.  Each
              entry in the list r1 [r2 ...] must be either a three character  regular  expression
              reply  code  of  the  form  [45][0-9.][0-9.],  or  the word "Warn".  The "." in the
              regular expression is a literal dot which matches any reject  reply  subcode;  this
              wildcarding  allows  creation of broad rejects groups.  List order is preserved, in
              that reject reports will be output in the same order as the entries  in  the  list.
              Specific  reject  reply codes will take priority over wildcard patterns, regardless
              of the list order.

              The default list is  "5..  4..  Warn",  which  creates  three  groups  of  rejects:
              permanent   rejects,   temporary  reject  failures,  and  reject  warnings  (as  in
              warn_if_reject).

              This feature allows, for example, distinguishing 421 transmission channel  closures
              from  45x  errors  (eg.  450  mailbox unavailable, 451 local processing errors, 452
              insufficient storage).  Such a grouping would be configured with the list: "421 4..
              5.. Warn".  See RFC 2821 for more information about reply codes.

              See   also  CONFIGURATION  FILE  regarding  using  reject_reply_patterns  within  a
              configuration file.

       --[no]sect_vars
       --show_sect_vars boolean
              Enables (disables) supplementing each Detailed section title with the name of  that
              section's  level  limiter.   The  name  displayed  is  the  command line option (or
              configuration file variable) used to limit that section's output.  With  the  large
              number of level limiters available in postfix-logwatch, this a convenient mechanism
              for determining exactly which level limiter affects a section.

       --syslog_name namepat
              Specifies the syslog service name that postfix-logwatch uses to match syslog lines.
              Only  log lines whose service name matches the perl regular expression namepat will
              be used by postfix-logwatch; all non-matching lines are silently ignored.  This  is
              useful  when  a  pre-installed  Postfix  package uses a name other than the default
              (postfix), or when multiple Postfix instances are in use and per-instance reporting
              is desired.

              The  pattern namepat should match the syslog_name configuration parameter specified
              in the Postfix parameter file main.cf, the master control file  master.cf,  or  the
              default value as indicated by the output of postconf -d syslog_name.

              Note:  if  you  use  parenthesis  in  your  regular  expression,  be  sure they are
              cloistering and not capturing: use  (?:pattern) instead of (pattern).

       --[no]unknown
       --show_unknown boolean
              Enables (disables) display of the postfix-generated name of 'unknown'  in  formated
              IP/hostname pairs in Detailed reports.  Default: enabled.

       --version
              Print postfix-logwatch version information.

   Level Limiters
       The  output of every section in the Detailed report is controlled by a level limiter.  The
       name of the level limiter variable will be output when the sect_vars option is set.  Level
       limiters are set either via command line in standalone mode with --limit limiter=levelspec
       option, or via  configuration  file  variable  $postfix_limiter=levelspec.   Each  limiter
       requires a levelspec argument, which is described below in LEVEL CONTROL.

       The list of level limiters is shown below.

       There  are  several  level  limiters  that  control  reject  sub-sections (eg. rejectbody,
       rejectsender, etc.).  Because the list of reject variants is not known until runtime after
       reject_reply_patterns is seen, these reject limiters are shown below generically, with the
       prefix ###.  To use one of these reject limiters, substitute ### with one  of  the  reject
       reply  codes  in  effect,  replacing each dot with an x character.  For example, using the
       default reject_reply_patterns list of "5.. 4.. Warn", three rejectbody variants are valid:
       --limit   5xxrejectbody,   --limit   4xxrejectbody   and  --limit  warnrejectbody.   As  a
       convenience, you may entirely eliminate the ### prefix, and instead use the bare rejectXXX
       option,  and  all  reject  level  limiter  variations  will be auto-generated based on the
       reject_reply_patterns list.  For example, the command line segment:

           ... --reject_reply_patterns "421 5.." \
                   --limit rejectrbl="1:10:"

       would automatically become:

           ... --reject_reply_patterns "421 5.." \
                   --limit 421rejectrbl="1:10:" --limit 5xxrejectrbl="1:10:"

       See  reject_reply_patterns  above,  and  comments  in  the  configuration  file   postfix-
       logwatch.conf.

       [ THIS SECTION IS NOT YET COMPLETE ]

       AttrError
              Errors obtaining attribute data from service.
       BCCed  Messages  that  triggered access, header_checks or body_checks BCC action. (postfix
              2.6 experimental branch)
       BounceLocal
       BounceRemote
              Local and remote bounces.  A bounce is considered a local bounce if the  relay  was
              one of none, local, virtual, avcheck, maildrop or 127.0.0.1.
       ByIpRejects
              Regrouping by client host IP address of all 5xx (permanent) reject variants.
       CommunicationError
              Postfix errors talking to one of its services.
       Anvil  Anvil rate or concurrency limits.
       ConnectionInbound
              Connections made to the smtpd server.
       ConnectionLostInbound
              Connections lost to the smtpd server.
       ConnectionLostOutbound
              Connections lost during smtp communications with remote MTA.
       ConnectToFailure
              Failures reported by smtp when connecting to remote MTA.
       DatabaseGeneration
              Warnings  noted  when  binary  database map file requires postmap update from newer
              source file.
       Deferrals
       Deferred
              Message delivery deferrals.  A single  deferred  message  will  have  one  or  more
              deferrals many times.
       Deliverable
              Address verification indicates recipient address is deliverable.
       Delivered
              Number of messages handed-off to a delivery agent such as local or virtual.
       Discarded
              Messages that triggered access, header_checks or body_checks DISCARD action.
       DNSError
              Any one of several errors encounted during DNS lookups.
       EnvelopeSenderDomains
              List of sending domains.  (2 levels: envelope sender domain, localpart)
       EnvelopeSenders
              List of envelope senders.  (1 level: envelope sender)
       Error  Postfix general error messages.
       FatalConfigError
              Fatal main.cf or master.cf configuration errors.
       FatalError
              Postfix general fatal messages.
       Filtered
              Messages that triggered access, header_checks or body_checks FILTER action.
       Forwarded
              Messages forwarded by MDA for one address class to another (eg. local -> virtual).
       HeloError
              XXXXXXXXXXX
       Hold   Messages   that  were  placed  on  hold  by  postsuper,  or  triggered  by  access,
              header_checks or body_checks HOLD action.
       HostnameValidationError
              Invalid hostname detected.
       HostnameVerification
              Lookup of hostname does not map back to the IP of the peer (ie. the  remote  system
              connecting  to smtpd).  Also known as forward-confirmed reverse DNS (FCRDNS).  When
              the reverse name has no DNS entry, the message  "host  not  found,  try  again"  is
              included;  otherwise, it is not (e.g. when the reverse has some IP address, but not
              the one Postfix expects).
       IllegalAddrSyntax
              Illegal syntax in an email address provided during the MAIL FROM or RCPT TO dialog.
       LdapError
              Any LDAP errors during LDAP lookup.
       MailerLoop
              An MX lookup for the best mailer to use to deliver mail would result in  a  sending
              to ourselves.
       MapProblem
              Problem with an access table map that needs correcting.
       MessageWriteError
              Postfix  encountered an error when trying to create a message file somewhere in the
              spool directory.
       NumericHostname
              A hostname was found that was numeric, instead of alphabetic.
       PanicError
              Postfix general panic messages.
       PixWorkaround
              Workarounds were enabled to avoid remote Cisco PIX SMTP "fixups".
       PolicydWeight
              Summarization of policyweight/policydweight results.
       PolicySpf
              Summarization of PolicySPF results.
       Postgrey
              Summarization of Postgrey results.
       Postscreen
              Summarization of 2.7's postscreen and verify services.
       DNSBLog
              Summarization of 2.7's dnsblog service.
       Prepended
              Messages that triggered header_checks or body_checks PREPEND action.
       ProcessExit
              Postfix services that exited unexpectedly.
       ProcessLimit
              A Postfix service has reached or exceeded the maximum number of processes allowed.
       QueueWriteError
              Problems writing a Postfix queue file.
       RblError
              Lookup errors for RBLs.
       Redirected
              Messages that triggered access, header_checks or body_checks REDIRECT action.
       ###RejectBody
              Messages that triggered body_checks REJECT action.
       ###RejectClient
              Messages rejected by client access controls (smtpd_client_restrictions).
       ###RejectConfigError
              Message rejected due to server configuration errors.
       ###RejectContent
              Messages rejected by message_reject_characters.
       ###RejectData
              Messages rejected at DATA stage in SMTP conversation (smtpd_data_restrictions).
       ###RejectEtrn
              Messages rejected at ETRN stage in SMTP conversation (smtpd_etrn_restrictions).
       ###RejectHeader
              Messages that triggered header_checks REJECT action.
       ###RejectHelo
              Messages    rejected    at     HELO/EHLO     stage     in     SMTP     conversation
              (smtpd_helo_restrictions).
       ###RejectInsufficientSpace
              Messages rejected due to insufficient storage space.
       ###RejectLookupFailure
              Messages rejected due to temporary DNS lookup failures.
       ###RejectMilter
              Milter  rejects.   No  reject  reply  code  is  available for these rejects, but an
              extended 5.7.1 DSN is provided.  These rejects are  forced  into  the  generic  5xx
              rejects group.  If you redefine reject_reply_patterns such that it does not contain
              the pattern 5.., milter rejects will not be output.
       ###RejectRbl
              Messages rejected by an RBL hit.
       ###RejectRecip
              Messages rejected by recipient access controls (smtpd_recipient_restrictions).
       ###RejectRelay
              Messages rejected by relay access controls.
       ###RejectSender
              Messages rejected by sender access controls (smtpd_sender_restrictions).
       ###RejectSize
              Messages rejected due to excessive message size.
       ###RejectUnknownClient
              Messages rejected by unknown client access controls.
       ###RejectUnknownReverseClient
              Messages rejected by unknown reverse client access controls.
       ###RejectUnknownUser
              Messages rejected by unknown user access controls.
       ###RejectUnverifiedClient
              Messages rejected by unverified client access controls.
       ###RejectVerify
              Messages rejected dueo to address verification failures.
       Replaced
              Messages that triggered header_checks or body_checks REPLACE action.
       ReturnedToSender
              Messages    returned    to    sender    due    to    exceeding    queue    lifetime
              (maximal_queue_lifetime).
       SaslAuth
              SASL  authentication  successes,  includes  SASL  method, username, and sender when
              present.
       SaslAuthFail
              SASL authentication failures.
       Sent   Messages sent via the SMTP delivery agent.
       SentLmtp
              Messages sent via the LMTP delivery agent.
       SmtpConversationError
              Errors during the SMTP/ESMTP dialog.
       SmtpProtocolViolation
              Protocol violation during the SMTP/ESMTP dialog.
       StartupError
              Errors during Postfix server startup.
       TimeoutInbound
              Connections to smtpd that timed out.
       TlsClientConnect
              TLS client connections.
       TlsOffered
              TLS communication offerred.
       TlsServerConnect
              TLS server connections.
       TlsUnverified
              Unverified TLS connections.
       Undeliverable
              Address verification indicates recipient address is undeliverable.
       Warn   Messages that triggered access, header_checks or body_checks WARN action.
       WarnConfigError
              Warnings regarding Postfix configuration errors.
       WarningsOther
              Postfix general warning messages.

LEVEL CONTROL

       The Detailed section of the report consists of a number of sub-sections, each of which  is
       controlled both globally and independently.  Two settings influence the output provided in
       the Detailed report: a global detail level (specified with --detail) which has final  (big
       hammer) output-limiting control over the Detailed section, and sub-section specific detail
       settings (small hammer), which allow further limiting of the  output  for  a  sub-section.
       Each  sub-section  may  be  limited  to  a specific depth level, and each sub-level may be
       limited with top N or threshold limits.  The levelspec  argument  to  each  of  the  level
       limiters listed above is used to accomplish this.

       It is probably best to continue explanation of sub-level limiting with the following well-
       known outline-style hierarchy, and some basic examples:

           level 0
              level 1
                 level 2
                    level 3
                       level 4
                       level 4
                 level 2
                    level 3
                       level 4
                       level 4
                       level 4
                    level 3
                       level 4
                    level 3
              level 1
                 level 2
                    level 3
                       level 4

       The simplest form of output limiting suppresses all output below a specified  level.   For
       example,  a  levelspec set to "2" shows only data in levels 0 through 2.  Think of this as
       collapsing each sub-level 2 item, thus hiding all inferior levels (3, 4, ...), to yield:

           level 0
              level 1
                 level 2
                 level 2
              level 1
                 level 2

       Sometimes the volume of output in a section is too great, and it is useful to suppress any
       data  that  does not exceed a certain threshold value.  Consider a dictionary spam attack,
       which produces very lengthy lists of hit-once recipient email or IP addresses.  Each  sub-
       level  in  the  hierarchy can be threshold-limited by setting the levelspec appropriately.
       Setting levelspec to the value "2::5" will suppress any data at  level  2  that  does  not
       exceed a hit count of 5.

       Perhaps  producing  a  top  N  list,  such  as top 10 senders, is desired.  A levelspec of
       "3:10:" limits level 3 data to only the top 10 hits.

       With those simple examples out of the way, a levelspec is  defined  as  a  whitespace-  or
       comma-separated list of one or more of the following:

       l      Specifies  the maximum level to be output for this sub-section, with a range from 0
              to 10.  if l is 0, no levels will be output, effectively disabling the  sub-section
              (level  0  data is already provided in the Summary report, so level 1 is considered
              the first useful level in the Detailed report).  Higher values will produce  output
              up to and including the specified level.

       l.n    Same as above, with the addition that n limits this section's level 1 output to the
              top n items.  The value for n can be any integer greater than  1.   (This  form  of
              limiting has less utility than the syntax shown below. It is provided for backwards
              compatibility; users are encouraged to use the syntax below).

       l:n:t  This triplet specifies level l, top n, and minimum threshold t.  Each of the values
              are  integers,  with  l being the level limiter as described above, n being a top n
              limiter for the level l, and t being the threshold limiter for level l.  When  both
              n  and  t  are  specified,  n  has  priority,  allowing  top n lists (regardless of
              threshold value).  If the value of l is omitted, the specified values for n  and/or
              t are used for all levels available in the sub-section.  This permits a simple form
              of wildcarding (eg. place  minimum  threshold  limits  on  all  levels).   However,
              specific  limiters  always  override  wildcard  limiters.   The first form of level
              limiter may be included in levelspec to restrict output,  regardless  of  how  many
              triplets are present.

       All  three  forms of limiters are effective only when postfix-logwatch's detail level is 5
       or greater (the Detailed section is not activated until detail is at least 5).

       See the EXAMPLES section for usage scenarios.

CONFIGURATION FILE

       Postfix-logwatch can read configuration settings from a configuration file.   Essentially,
       any  command  line  option can be placed into a configuration file, and these settings are
       read upon startup.

       Because postfix-logwatch can  run  either  standalone  or  within  Logwatch,  to  minimize
       confusion, postfix-logwatch inherits Logwatch's configuration file syntax requirements and
       conventions.  These are:

       ·   White space lines are ignored.

       ·   Lines beginning with # are ignored

       ·   Settings are of the form:

                   option = value

       ·   Spaces or tabs on either side of the = character are ignored.

       ·   Any value protected in double quotes will be case-preserved.

       ·   All other content is reduced to lowercase (non-preserving, case insensitive).

       ·   All postfix-logwatch configuration settings  must  be  prefixed  with  "$postfix_"  or
           postfix-logwatch will ignore them.

       ·   When  running under Logwatch, any values not prefixed with "$postfix_" are consumed by
           Logwatch; it only passes to postfix-logwatch (via environment  variable)  settings  it
           considers valid.

       ·   The values True and Yes are converted to 1, and False and No are converted to 0.

       ·   Order  of  settings  is  not preserved within a configuration file (since settings are
           passed by Logwatch via environment variables, which have no defined order).

       To include a command line option in a configuration file, prefix the command  line  option
       name with the word "$postfix_".  The following configuration file setting and command line
       option are equivalent:

               $postfix_Line_Style = Truncate

               --line_style Truncate

       Level limiters are also prefixed with $postfix_, but on the  command  line  are  specified
       with the --limit option:

               $postfix_Sent = 2

               --limit Sent=2

       The  order of command line options and configuration file processing occurs as follows: 1)
       The default configuration file is read if it exists and no --config_file was specified  on
       a  command  line.  2) Configuration files are read and processed in the order found on the
       command line.  3) Command line options override any options already set either via command
       line or from any configuration file.

       Command  line  options  are  interpreted when they are seen on the command line, and later
       options will override previously set options.   The  notable  exception  is  with  limiter
       variables, which are interpreted in the order found, but only after all other options have
       been processed.  This allows --reject_reply_patterns to determine the dynamic list of  the
       various reject limiters.

       See also --reject_reply_patterns.

EXIT STATUS

       The  postfix-logwatch  utility exits with a status code of 0, unless an error occurred, in
       which case a non-zero exit status is returned.

EXAMPLES

   Running Standalone
       Note: postfix-logwatch reads its log data from one or more named  Postfix  log  files,  or
       from  STDIN.   For  brevity,  where  required, the examples below use the word file as the
       command line argument meaning /path/to/postfix.log.  Obviously you will need to substitute
       file with the appropriate path.

       To run postfix-logwatch in standalone mode, simply run:

           postfix-logwatch file

       A complete list of options and basic usage is available via:

           postfix-logwatch --help

       To print a summary only report of Postfix log data:

           postfix-logwatch --detail 1 file

       To produce a summary report and a one-level detail report for May 25th:

           grep 'May 25' file | postfix-logwatch --detail 5

       To  produce  only  a  top  10  list of Sent email domains, the summary report and detailed
       reports are first disabled.  Since commands line options are  read  and  enabled  left-to-
       right, the Sent section is re-enabled to level 1 with a level 1 top 10 limiter:

           postfix-logwatch --nosummary --nodetail --limit sent='1 1:10:' file

       The  following  command  and its sample output shows a more complex level limiter example.
       The command gives the top 3 Sent email addresses from the top 5 domains, in addition,  all
       level  3 items with a hit count of 2 or less are suppressed (in the Sent sub-section, this
       happens to be email's Original To address).  Ellipses indicate top N or  threshold-limited
       data:

           postfix-logwatch --nosummary --nodetail \
                   --limit sent '1:5: 2:3: 3::2' file

           1762   Sent via SMTP -----------------------------------
            352      example.com
            310         joe
            255            joe.bob@virtdomain.example.com
              7            info@virtdomain.example.com
             21         pooryoda3
             11         hot93uh
                        ...
            244      sample.net
             97         buzz
             26         leroyjones
             14         sally
                        ...
            152      example.net
             40         jim_jameson
             23         sam_sampson
             19         paul_paulson
                        ...
             83      sample.us
             44         root
             39         jenny1
             69      dom3.example.us
             10         kay
              7         ron
              6         mrsmith
                        ...
                     ...

       The  next  command  uses  both  reject_reply_patterns  and  level  limiters to see 421 RBL
       rejects, threshold-limiting level 2 output to hits greater than 5 (level 2 in  the  Reject
       RBL  sub-section  is the client's IP address / hostname pair).  This makes for a very nice
       RBL offenders list, shown  in  the  sample  output  (note  the  use  of  the  unambiguous,
       abbreviated command line option reject_reply_pat):

           postfix-logwatch --reject_reply_pat '421 4.. 5.. Warn' \
                   --nosummary --nodetail --limit 421rejectrbl='2 2::5' file

           300   421 Reject RBL ---------------------------------------
           243      zen.spamhaus.org=127.0.0.2
           106         10.0.0.129       129.0.0.example.com
            41         192.168.10.70    hostx10.sample.net
            40         192.168.42.39    hostz42.sample.net
            15         10.1.1.152       dsl-10-1-1-152.example.us
            14         10.10.10.122     mail122.sample.com
             7         192.168.3.44     smalltime-spammer.example.com
                       ...
            48      zen.spamhaus.org=127.0.0.4
            17         10.29.124.92     10-29-124-92.adsl-static.sample.us
                       ...
             8      zen.spamhaus.org=127.0.0.11
                       ...
             1      zen.spamhaus.org=127.0.0.10
                       ...

   Running within Logwatch
       Note:  Logwatch versions prior to 7.3.6, unless configured otherwise, required the --print
       option to print to STDOUT instead of sending reports  via  email.   Since  version  7.3.6,
       STDOUT  is  the  default  output  destination, and the --print option has been replaced by
       --output stdout. Check your  configuration  to  determine  where  report  output  will  be
       directed, and add the appropriate option to the commands below.

       To print a summary report for today's Postfix log data:

           logwatch --service postfix --range today --detail 1

       To print a report for today's Postfix log data, with one level
       of detail in the Detailed section:

           logwatch --service postfix --range today --detail 5

       To print a report for yesterday, with two levels of detail in the Detailed section:

           logwatch --service postfix --range yesterday --detail 6

       To  print  a  report  from  Dec  12th  through Dec 14th, with four levels of detail in the
       Detailed section:

           logwatch --service postfix --range \
                   'between 12/12 and 12/14' --detail 8

       To print a report for today, with all levels of detail:

           logwatch --service postfix --range today --detail 10

       Same as above, but leaves long lines uncut:

           logwatch --service postfix --range today --detail 11

ENVIRONMENT

       The postfix-logwatch program uses the following (automatically set) environment  variables
       when running under Logwatch:

       LOGWATCH_DETAIL_LEVEL
              This is the detail level specified with the Logwatch command line argument --detail
              or the Detail setting in the ...conf/services/postfix.conf configuration file.

       LOGWATCH_DEBUG
              This is the debug level specified with the Logwatch command line argument --debug.

       postfix_xxx
              The Logwatch program passes all settings  postfix_xxx  in  the  configuration  file
              ...conf/services/postfix.conf  to  the  postfix  filter  (which  is  actually named
              .../scripts/services/postfix) via environment variable.

FILES

   Standalone mode
       /usr/local/bin/postfix-logwatch
              The postfix-logwatch program

       /usr/local/etc/postfix-logwatch.conf
              The postfix-logwatch configuration file in standalone mode

   Logwatch mode
       /etc/logwatch/scripts/services/postfix
              The Logwatch postfix filter

       /etc/logwatch/conf/services/postfix.conf
              The Logwatch postfix filter configuration file

SEE ALSO

       logwatch(8), system log analyzer and reporter

README FILES

       README, an overview of postfix-logwatch
       Changes, the version change list history
       Bugs, a list of the current bugs or other inadequacies
       Makefile, the rudimentary installer
       LICENSE, the usage and redistribution licensing terms

LICENSE

       Covered under the included MIT/X-Consortium License:
       http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php

AUTHOR(S)

       Mike Cappella

       The original postfix Logwatch filter was written by Kenneth Porter, and has had many
       contributors over the years.  They are entirely not responsible for any errors, problems
       or failures since the current author's hands have touched the source code.

                                                                              POSTFIX-LOGWATCH(1)