Provided by: python-urlgrabber_3.10.2-1_all bug


       urlgrabber - a high-level cross-protocol url-grabber.


       urlgrabber [OPTIONS] URL [FILE]


       urlgrabber is a binary program and python module for fetching files. It is designed to be
       used in programs that need common (but not necessarily simple) url-fetching features.


       --help, -h
           help page specifying available options to the binary program.

           ignored except for file:// urls, in which case it specifies whether urlgrab should
           still make a copy of the file, or simply point to the existing copy.

           if it's an int, it's the bytes/second throttle limit. If it's a float, it is first
           multiplied by bandwidth. If throttle == 0, throttling is disabled. If None, the
           module-level default (which can be set with set_throttle) is used.

           the nominal max bandwidth in bytes/second. If throttle is a float and bandwidth == 0,
           throttling is disabled. If None, the module-level default (which can be set with
           set_bandwidth) is used.

           a tuple of the form first_byte,last_byte describing a byte range to retrieve. Either
           or both of the values may be specified. If first_byte is None, byte offset 0 is
           assumed. If last_byte is None, the last byte available is assumed. Note that both
           first and last_byte values are inclusive so a range of (10,11) would return the 10th
           and 11th bytes of the resource.

           the user-agent string provide if the url is HTTP.

           the number of times to retry the grab before bailing. If this is zero, it will retry
           forever. This was intentional... really, it was :). If this value is not supplied or
           is supplied but is None retrying does not occur.

           a sequence of errorcodes (values of e.errno) for which it should retry. See the doc on
           URLGrabError for more details on this. retrycodes defaults to -1,2,4,5,6,7 if not
           specified explicitly.


       In its simplest form, urlgrabber can be a replacement for urllib2's open, or even python's
       file if you're just reading:

             from urlgrabber import urlopen
             fo = urlopen(url)
             data =

       Here, the url can be http, https, ftp, or file. It's also pretty smart so if you just give
       it something like /tmp/foo, it will figure it out. For even more fun, you can also do:

             from urlgrabber import urlopen
             local_filename = urlgrab(url)  # grab a local copy of the file
             data = urlread(url)            # just read the data into a string

       Now, like urllib2, what's really happening here is that you're using a module-level object
       (called a grabber) that kind of serves as a default. That's just fine, but you might want
       to get your own private version for a couple of reasons:

           * it's a little ugly to modify the default grabber because you have to
             reach into the module to do it
           * you could run into conflicts if different parts of the code
             modify the default grabber and therefore expect different

       Therefore, you're probably better off making your own. This also gives you lots of
       flexibility for later, as you'll see:

             from urlgrabber.grabber import URLGrabber
             g = URLGrabber()
             data = g.urlread(url)

       This is nice because you can specify options when you create the grabber. For example,
       let's turn on simple reget mode so that if we have part of a file, we only need to fetch
       the rest:

             from urlgrabber.grabber import URLGrabber
             g = URLGrabber(reget='simple')
             local_filename = g.urlgrab(url)

       The available options are listed in the module documentation, and can usually be specified
       as a default at the grabber-level or as options to the method:

           from urlgrabber.grabber import URLGrabber
           g = URLGrabber(reget='simple')
           local_filename = g.urlgrab(url, filename=None, reget=None)


       Written by: Michael D. Stenner <> Ryan Tomayko

       This manual page was written by Kevin Coyner <> for the Debian system
       (but may be used by others). It borrows heavily on the documentation included in the
       urlgrabber module. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
       under the terms of the GNU General Public License, Version 2 any later version published
       by the Free Software Foundation.


       Main web site:

                                            04/09/2007                              URLGRABBER(1)