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NAME

       setfsuid - set user identity used for filesystem checks

SYNOPSIS

       #include <sys/fsuid.h>

       int setfsuid(uid_t fsuid);

DESCRIPTION

       The  system  call setfsuid() changes the value of the caller's filesystem user ID—the user
       ID that the Linux kernel uses to check for all accesses to the filesystem.  Normally,  the
       value  of the filesystem user ID will shadow the value of the effective user ID.  In fact,
       whenever the effective user ID is changed, the filesystem user ID will also be changed  to
       the new value of the effective user ID.

       Explicit calls to setfsuid() and setfsgid(2) are usually used only by programs such as the
       Linux NFS server that need to change what user and  group  ID  is  used  for  file  access
       without  a corresponding change in the real and effective user and group IDs.  A change in
       the normal user IDs for a program such as the NFS server  is  a  security  hole  that  can
       expose it to unwanted signals.  (But see below.)

       setfsuid() will succeed only if the caller is the superuser or if fsuid matches either the
       caller's real user ID, effective user ID, saved set-user-ID, or  current  filesystem  user
       ID.

RETURN VALUE

       On  both  success  and  failure,  this call returns the previous filesystem user ID of the
       caller.

VERSIONS

       This system call is present in Linux since version 1.2.

CONFORMING TO

       setfsuid() is Linux-specific and should not be used in programs intended to be portable.

NOTES

       At the time when this system call was introduced, one  process  could  send  a  signal  to
       another  process with the same effective user ID.  This meant that if a privileged process
       changed its effective user ID for the purpose of file permission checking, then  it  could
       become  vulnerable  to  receiving  signals sent by another (unprivileged) process with the
       same user ID.  The filesystem user ID attribute was thus  added  to  allow  a  process  to
       change  its  user ID for the purposes of file permission checking without at the same time
       becoming vulnerable to receiving unwanted signals.  Since  Linux  2.0,  signal  permission
       handling  is different (see kill(2)), with the result that a process change can change its
       effective user ID without being vulnerable to receiving signals from  unwanted  processes.
       Thus,  setfsuid() is nowadays unneeded and should be avoided in new applications (likewise
       for setfsgid(2)).

       The original Linux setfsuid() system call supported only 16-bit user  IDs.   Subsequently,
       Linux 2.4 added setfsuid32() supporting 32-bit IDs.  The glibc setfsuid() wrapper function
       transparently deals with the variation across kernel versions.

   C library/kernel differences
       In glibc 2.15 and earlier, when the wrapper for  this  system  call  determines  that  the
       argument  can't  be passed to the kernel without integer truncation (because the kernel is
       old and does not support 32-bit user IDs), they will return -1 and  set  errno  to  EINVAL
       without attempting the system call.

BUGS

       No  error  indications  of  any  kind  are  returned to the caller, and the fact that both
       successful and unsuccessful calls return the same value makes it  impossible  to  directly
       determine  whether  the  call  succeeded  or  failed.   Instead, the caller must resort to
       looking at the return value from a further call such as setfsuid(-1)  (which  will  always
       fail), in order to determine if a preceding call to setfsuid() changed the filesystem user
       ID.  At the very least, EPERM should be returned when the call fails (because  the  caller
       lacks the CAP_SETUID capability).

SEE ALSO

       kill(2), setfsgid(2), capabilities(7), credentials(7)

COLOPHON

       This  page  is  part of release 4.16 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the
       project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of  this  page,  can  be
       found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.