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NAME

       nearbyint, nearbyintf, nearbyintl, rint, rintf, rintl - round to nearest integer

SYNOPSIS

       #include <math.h>

       double nearbyint(double x);
       float nearbyintf(float x);
       long double nearbyintl(long double x);

       double rint(double x);
       float rintf(float x);
       long double rintl(long double x);

       Link with -lm.

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       nearbyint(), nearbyintf(), nearbyintl():
           _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || _ISOC99_SOURCE
       rint():
           _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
               || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
               || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
               || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
       rintf(), rintl():
           _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
               || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
               || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

       The  nearbyint(),  nearbyintf(),  and  nearbyintl()  functions  round their argument to an
       integer value  in  floating-point  format,  using  the  current  rounding  direction  (see
       fesetround(3))  and  without  raising  the  inexact  exception.  When the current rounding
       direction is to nearest, these functions round  halfway  cases  to  the  even  integer  in
       accordance with IEEE-754.

       The  rint(),  rintf(),  and  rintl()  functions  do  the  same, but will raise the inexact
       exception (FE_INEXACT, checkable via fetestexcept(3)) when the  result  differs  in  value
       from the argument.

RETURN VALUE

       These functions return the rounded integer value.

       If x is integral, +0, -0, NaN, or infinite, x itself is returned.

ERRORS

       No errors occur.  POSIX.1-2001 documents a range error for overflows, but see NOTES.

ATTRIBUTES

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

       ┌───────────────────────────┬───────────────┬─────────┐
       │InterfaceAttributeValue   │
       ├───────────────────────────┼───────────────┼─────────┤
       │nearbyint(), nearbyintf(), │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │
       │nearbyintl(), rint(),      │               │         │
       │rintf(), rintl()           │               │         │
       └───────────────────────────┴───────────────┴─────────┘

CONFORMING TO

       C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

NOTES

       SUSv2  and  POSIX.1-2001  contain text about overflow (which might set errno to ERANGE, or
       raise an FE_OVERFLOW exception).  In practice, the result cannot overflow on  any  current
       machine,  so  this  error-handling  stuff is just nonsense.  (More precisely, overflow can
       happen only when the maximum value of the exponent is smaller than the number of  mantissa
       bits.   For  the  IEEE-754  standard  32-bit and 64-bit floating-point numbers the maximum
       value of the exponent is 128 (respectively, 1024), and the number of mantissa bits  is  24
       (respectively, 53).)

       If you want to store the rounded value in an integer type, you probably want to use one of
       the functions described in lrint(3) instead.

SEE ALSO

       ceil(3), floor(3), lrint(3), round(3), trunc(3)

COLOPHON

       This page is part of release 4.16 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,  information  about  reporting  bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be
       found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

                                            2017-09-15                                    RINT(3)