Provided by: udev_239-7ubuntu10_amd64 bug

NAME

       hwdb - Hardware Database

DESCRIPTION

       The hardware database is a key-value store for associating modalias-like keys to
       udev-property-like values. It is used primarily by udev to add the relevant properties to
       matching devices, but it can also be queried directly.

HARDWARE DATABASE FILES

       The hwdb files are read from the files located in the system hwdb directory
       /lib/udev/hwdb.d and the local administration directory /etc/udev/hwdb.d. All hwdb files
       are collectively sorted and processed in lexical order, regardless of the directories in
       which they live. However, files with identical filenames replace each other. Files in /etc
       have the highest priority and take precedence over files with the same name in /lib. This
       can be used to override a system-supplied hwdb file with a local file if needed; a symlink
       in /etc with the same name as a hwdb file in /lib, pointing to /dev/null, disables that
       hwdb file entirely. hwdb files must have the extension .hwdb; other extensions are
       ignored.

       Each hwdb file contains data records consisting of matches and associated key-value pairs.
       Every record in the hwdb starts with one or more match strings, specifying a shell glob to
       compare the lookup string against. Multiple match lines are specified in consecutive
       lines. Every match line is compared individually, and they are combined by OR. Every match
       line must start at the first character of the line.

       The match lines are followed by one or more key-value pair lines, which are recognized by
       a leading space character. The key name and value are separated by "=". An empty line
       signifies the end of a record. Lines beginning with "#" are ignored.

       In case multiple records match a given lookup string, the key-value pairs from all records
       are combined. If a key is specified multiple times, the value from the record with the
       highest priority is used (each key can have only a single value). The priority is higher
       when the record is in a file that sorts later lexicographically, and in case of records in
       the same file, later records have higher priority.

       The content of all hwdb files is read by systemd-hwdb(8) and compiled to a binary database
       located at /etc/udev/hwdb.bin, or alternatively /lib/udev/hwdb.bin if you want ship the
       compiled database in an immutable image. During runtime, only the binary database is used.

EXAMPLES

       Example 1. General syntax of hwdb files

           # /lib/udev/hwdb.d/example.hwdb
           # Comments can be placed before any records. This is a good spot
           # to describe what that file is used for, what kind of properties
           # it defines, and the ordering convention.

           # A record with three matches and one property
           mouse:*:name:*Trackball*:
           mouse:*:name:*trackball*:
           mouse:*:name:*TrackBall*:
            ID_INPUT_TRACKBALL=1

           # A record with a single match and five properties
           mouse:usb:v046dp4041:name:Logitech MX Master:
            MOUSE_DPI=1000@166
            MOUSE_WHEEL_CLICK_ANGLE=15
            MOUSE_WHEEL_CLICK_ANGLE_HORIZONTAL=26
            MOUSE_WHEEL_CLICK_COUNT=24
            MOUSE_WHEEL_CLICK_COUNT_HORIZONTAL=14

       Example 2. Overriding of properties

           # /lib/udev/hwdb.d/60-keyboard.hwdb
           evdev:atkbd:dmi:bvn*:bvr*:bd*:svnAcer*:pn*
            KEYBOARD_KEY_a1=help
            KEYBOARD_KEY_a2=setup
            KEYBOARD_KEY_a3=battery

           evdev:atkbd:dmi:bvn*:bvr*:bd*:svnAcer*:pn123*
            KEYBOARD_KEY_a2=wlan

           # /etc/udev/hwdb.d/70-keyboard.hwdb
           # disable wlan key on all at keyboards
           evdev:atkbd:*
            KEYBOARD_KEY_a2=reserved

       If the hwdb consists of those two files, a keyboard with the lookup string
       "evdev:atkbd:dmi:bvnAcer:bdXXXXX:bd08/05/2010:svnAcer:pn123" will match all three records,
       and end up with the following properties:

           KEYBOARD_KEY_a1=help
           KEYBOARD_KEY_a2=reserved
           KEYBOARD_KEY_a3=battery

SEE ALSO

       systemd-hwdb(8)