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NAME

       sd - Driver for SCSI Disk Drives

SYNOPSIS

       #include   <linux/hdreg.h>          /*   for  HDIO_GETGEO  */  #include
       <linux/fs.h>           /* for BLKGETSIZE and BLKRRPART */

CONFIG

       The block device name has the following form: sdlp, where l is a letter
       denoting  the  physical drive, and p is a number denoting the partition
       on that physical drive.  Often, the partition number, p, will  be  left
       off when the device corresponds to the whole drive.

       SCSI  disks  have a major device number of 8, and a minor device number
       of the form (16 * drive_number) + partition_number, where  drive_number
       is  the  number  of  the  physical  drive  in  order  of detection, and
       partition_number is as follows:

       partition 0 is the whole drive
       partitions 1-4 are the DOS "primary" partitions
       partitions 5-8 are the DOS "extended" (or "logical") partitions

       For example, /dev/sda will have major 8, minor 0, and will refer to all
       of the first SCSI drive in the system; and /dev/sdb3 will have major 8,
       minor 19, and will refer to the third DOS "primary"  partition  on  the
       second SCSI drive in the system.

       At  this  time,  only block devices are provided.  Raw devices have not
       yet been implemented.

DESCRIPTION

       The following ioctls are provided:

       HDIO_GETGEO
              Returns the BIOS disk parameters in the following structure:
                     struct hd_geometry {
                           unsigned char heads;
                           unsigned char sectors;
                           unsigned short cylinders;
                           unsigned long start;
                     };

              A pointer to this structure is passed as the ioctl(2) parameter.

              The  information  returned in the parameter is the disk geometry
              of the drive as understood by DOS!  This  geometry  is  not  the
              physical  geometry  of  the drive.  It is used when constructing
              the  drive’s  partition  table,  however,  and  is  needed   for
              convenient  operation  of  fdisk(1), efdisk(1), and lilo(1).  If
              the geometry information is not available, zero will be returned
              for all of the parameters.

       BLKGETSIZE
              Returns  the  device  size  in  sectors.  The ioctl(2) parameter
              should be a pointer to a long.

       BLKRRPART
              Forces  a  re-read  of  the  SCSI  disk  partition  tables.   No
              parameter is needed.

              The   scsi(4)  ioctls  are  also  supported.   If  the  ioctl(2)
              parameter is required, and it is NULL, then ioctl() will  return
              -EINVAL.

FILES

       /dev/sd[a-h]: the whole device
       /dev/sd[a-h][0-8]: individual block partitions

                                  1992-12-17                             SD(4)