Provided by: nano_1.3.10-1_i386
nanorc - GNU nano’s rcfile
This manual page documents GNU nano’s rcfile.
nano is a small, free and friendly editor which aims to replace Pico,
the default editor included in the non-free Pine package. Rather than
just copying Pico’s look and feel, nano also implements some missing
(or disabled by default) features in Pico, such as "search and replace"
and "go to line number".
The nanorc file contains the default settings for nano. During
startup, nano will first read its system-wide settings from
SYSCONFDIR/nanorc, and then user-specific settings from ~/.nanorc.
The configuration file accepts a series of "set" and "unset" commands,
which can be used to configure nano on startup without using the
command-line options. Additionally, the "syntax", "color", and
"icolor" keywords are used to define syntax highlighting rules for
different text patterns. GNU nano will read one command per line.
Options in rcfiles take precedence over nano’s defaults, and command
line options override rcfile settings.
Options are unset by default, except for options that take an argument.
The supported commands and arguments are:
Create backup files in filename~.
set backupdir directory
Set the directory where nano puts unique backup files if file
backups are enabled.
Do backwards searches by default.
set brackets string
Set the characters treated as closing brackets. They cannot contain
blank characters. Only closing punctuation, optionally followed by
closing brackets, can end sentences.
Do case sensitive searches by default.
Constantly display the cursor position in the status bar.
Use cut to end of line by default.
set fill n
Wrap lines at column number n. If n is 0 or less, the maximum line
length will be the screen width less n columns. The default value
Enable ~/.nano_history for saving and reading search/replace
Allow use of the blank line below the titlebar as extra editing
Enable mouse support, so that mouse clicks can be used to set the
mark and run shortcuts.
Allow inserting files into their own buffers.
Don’t convert files from DOS/Mac format.
Don’t follow symlinks when writing files.
Don’t display the help lists at the bottom of the screen.
Don’t add newlines to the ends of files.
Don’t wrap text at all.
set operatingdir directory
nano will only read and write files inside directory and its
subdirectories. Also, the current directory is changed to here, so
files are inserted from this dir. By default the operating
directory feature is turned off.
Preserve the XON and XOFF keys (^Q and ^S).
set punct string
Set the characters treated as closing punctuation. They cannot
contain blank characters. Only closing punctuation, optionally
followed by closing brackets, can end sentences.
Do quick statusbar blanking. Statusbar messages will disappear
after 1 keystroke instead of 25.
set quotestr string
The email-quote string, used to justify email-quoted paragraphs.
This is an "extended regular expression" if your system supports
them, otherwise a literal string. The default value is
set quotestr "^([ \t]*[|>:}#])+"
if you have regexps, otherwise set quotestr "> ". Note that ’\t’
above stands for a literal Tab character.
Interpret the Delete key differently so that both Backspace and
Delete work properly. You should only need to use this option if
Backspace acts like Delete on your system.
Interpret the numeric keypad keys so that they all work properly.
You should only need to use this option if they don’t, as mouse
support won’t work properly with this option enabled.
Do regular expression searches by default.
Make the Home key smarter. When Home is pressed anywhere but at the
very beginning of non-whitespace characters on a line, the cursor
will jump to that beginning (either forwards or backwards). If the
cursor is already at that position, it will jump to the true
beginning of the line.
Use smooth scrolling by default.
set speller spellprog
Use spelling checker spellprog instead of the built-in one, which
Allow nano to be suspended.
set tabsize n
Use a tab size of n columns. The value of n must be greater than 0.
The default value is 8.
Convert typed tabs to spaces.
Save automatically on exit, don’t prompt.
Disallow file modification.
set whitespace string
Set the two characters used to display the first characters of tabs
and spaces. They must be single-column characters.
Detect word boundaries more accurately by treating punctuation
characters as part of a word.
syntax str ["fileregex" ... ]
Defines a syntax named str which can be activated via the -Y flag,
or will be automatically activated if the current filename matches
fileregex. All following color and icolor statements will apply to
syntax until a new syntax is defined.
The none syntax is reserved; specifying it on the command line is
the same as not having a syntax at all. The default syntax is
special: it takes no fileregex, and applies to files that don’t
match any other syntax’s fileregex.
color fgcolor,bgcolor regex ...
For the currently defined syntax, display all expressions matching
regex with foreground color fgcolor and background color bgcolor, at
least one of which must be specified. Legal colors for foreground
and background color are: white, black, red, blue, green, yellow,
magenta, and cyan. You may use the prefix "bright" to force a
stronger color highlight for the foreground. If your terminal
supports transparency, not specifying a bgcolor tells nano to
attempt to use a transparent background.
icolor fgcolor,bgcolor regex ...
Same as above, except that the expression matching is case
color fgcolor,bgcolor start="sr" end="er"
Display expressions which start with sr and end with er with
foreground color fgcolor and background color bgcolor, at least one
of which must be specified. This allows syntax highlighting to span
multiple lines. Note that all subsequent instances of sr after an
initial sr is found will be highlighted until the first instance of
icolor fgcolor,bgcolor start="sr" end="er"
Same as above, except that the expression matching is case
System-wide configuration file
Per-user configuration file
/usr/share/doc/nano/examples/nanorc.sample (or equivalent on your
Chris Allegretta <email@example.com>, et al (see AUTHORS and THANKS for
details). This manual page was written by Jordi Mallach