Provided by: noffle_1.1.5-8_i386 bug


       noffle.conf - Configuration file for NOFFLE news server


       The NOFFLE news server - see noffle(1) - takes its configuration from a
       configuration file.  By default this file is /etc/news/noffle.conf.

       noffle.conf is a normal text file containing NOFFLE settings,  one  per

       Leading  whitespace  on  a  line  is  ignored,  as is any comment text.
       Comment text begins with a ’#’ character and continues to  the  end  of
       the line. Blank lines are permitted.


       server <hostname>[:<port>] [<user> <pass>]
              Name  of  the remote server. If no port given, port 119 is used.
              Username and  password  for  servers  that  need  authentication
              (Original  AUTHINFO). The password may not contain white-spaces.
              If there are multiple server entries in the config file, all  of
              them  are used for getting groups. In this case the first server
              should be the one of your main  provider.  Note  that  you  must
              always  run  ’noffle --query groups’ after making changes to the
              server entries.

       getgroups <group pattern> [, <group pattern> ...]
              Only retrieve from the most recently specified server newsgroups
              that  match  the  specified  patterns.  The patterns can contain
              wildcards, and  there  can  be  multiple  getgroups  lines.  For
              further   details   on   getgroups  processing  in  tandem  with
              omitgroups, see the section on omitgroups following.
              Default: All groups

       omitgroups <group pattern> [, <group pattern> ...]
              Don’t  retrieve  from  the  most   recently   specified   server
              newsgroups  that  match the specified patterns. The patterns can
              contain wildcards, and there can be multiple  omitgroups  lines.
              When processing a new newsgroup name, it is checked first to see
              if it appears on the getgroups list (if any). If not, the  group
              is  rejected.  Then the group is checked to see if it appears on
              the omitgroups list. If it does not, the group is accepted as  a
              group NOFFLE will list and collect as required.
              Default: No groups

       max-fetch <n>
              Never  get more than <n> articles. If there are more, the oldest
              ones are discarded.
              Default: 300

       from-domain <domain>
              When invoked as inews(1) NOFFLE will add a From: line  to  posts
              that lack one. The address given uses the userid of the user who
              invoked inews and the specified domain.
              Default: The system domain

       log-debug <log category> [<log category ...]
              Log debugging information from the  specified  log  category  or
              categories.  Logging is via the system logging daemon syslogd(8)
              (to the debug facility) and additionally to stderr when  running
              interactively.   The  available  categories for logging are all,
              none, config, auth, control, expire,  fetch,  filter,  newsbase,
              noffle,   post,  protocol,  requests  and  server.   The  noffle
              category is automatically selected whenever any  other  category
              is  selected.  These messages are in addition to messages logged
              to the system logging daemon error, information and notification
              Default: none

       organization <organization>
              When  invoked  as  inews(1)  NOFFLE  will, unless the -O flag is
              specified, add an Organization: line to posts that lack one.  If
              no organization is specified, the line is not added.
              Default: <empty string>

       mail-to <address>
              Receiver  of  failed postings. If empty then failed postings are
              returned to the sender (taking the address  from  the  article’s
              Reply-To, Sender, X-Sender or From field, in this order).
              Default: <empty string>

       auto-unsubscribe yes|no
              Automatically  remove  groups  from  fetch list if they have not
              been accessed for a number of days. Groups are only unsubscribed
              if there are fresh articles arriving and remaining unread.
              Default: no

       auto-unsubscribe-days <n>
              Number of days used for auto-unsubscribe option.
              Default: 30

       thread-follow-time <n>
              Automatically mark articles for download in thread mode, if they
              are referencing an article that has  been  opened  by  a  reader
              within the last <n> days.
              Default: 7

       connect-timeout <n>
              Timeout for connecting to remote server in seconds.
              Default: 30

       auto-subscribe yes|no
              Automatically  put  groups  on fetch list if someone reads them.
              <mode> can be full, over, thread (depending on the  fetch  mode)
              or off (do not subscribe automatically). Condition for putting a
              group on the list is that an article is opened. For this  reason
              there  is always a pseudo article visible in groups that are not
              on the fetch list.
              Default: no

       auto-subscribe-mode <group pattern> full|thread|over
              Mode for auto-subscribe option for groups that match  the  given
              Default: none

       default-auto-subscribe-mode full|thread|over
              Default mode for auto-subscribe option. Used for all groups that
              do  not  match  a  pattern  specified  with  auto-subscribe-mode
              entries (if any).
              Default: over

       info-always-unread yes|no
              An   information  article  is  presented  for  all  unsubscribed
              newsgroups.  If  auto-subscribe  mode  is  off,   there   is   a
              possibility  of  someone  reading the article but forgetting the
              instructions therein and not knowing how to  return  to  a  read
              article. This option causes the information article always to be
              present as an unread article in a group when  auto-subscribe  if
              off.  It  does  this  by  incrementing the article number of the
              information article every time it is read.
              Default: yes

       authenticate-client yes|no
              Insist that  clients  authenticate  themselves  using  the  NNTP
              AUTHINFO  USER/AUTHINFO  PASS  transaction  before  any  news is
              served.  This option is recognised only  when  NOFFLE  has  been
              built   with   authentication   enabled.    The   form   of  the
              authentication is determined at compile time; either PAM is used
              (with a service name "noffle"), or the userlist file is scanned.
              This file, by default /etc/noffle.users, is a text file. Spaces,
              comments  starting  with  ’#’ and blank lines are ignored. Other
              lines must contain space-separated  ’username  password’  pairs.
              For  security  reasons the userlist file must be a regular file,
              not a link, and must be owner readable only. Finally, note  that
              the   NNTP   AUTHINFO  USER/AUTHINFO  PASS  transaction  is  not
              encrypted in any way, and so must itself be considered insecure.
              Default: no

       post-locally yes|no
              Place  articles  posted  to external servers in the local aticle
              database immediately.  Some  servers  may  rewrite  Message-IDs,
              which  will  cause duplicate postings of this option is enabled.
              Also, if for some reason the post to the  remote  server  fails,
              the  article  still exists in the local database, which may be a
              source of some confusion.
              Default: no

       replace-messageid yes|no
              Always replace  the  Message-ID  of  a  posted  article  with  a
              Message-ID  generated  by  NOFFLE.  NOFFLE  will  always  add  a
              Message-ID if none is present, or replace a Message-ID that does
              not  meet  the  basic  formatting and content requirements for a
              Message-ID.  However, some news readers may generate Message-IDs
              that  are  not  accepted by some servers (for example the server
              may insist the Message-ID domain is part of the  server  domain)
              or  may  not  always be unique. In either of these cases you may
              prefer to have NOFFLE always replace the Message-ID.
              Default: no

       hostname <>
              Specify right-hand side of Message-IDs generated by NOFFLE.   If
              omitted,  the fully qualified domain name of your system will be
              used.  If you do not have a fully qualified  domain  name,  your
              upstream  newsserver  or  someone  else might allow you to use a
              subdomain name.
              Default: <the fully qualified domain name of your system>

       append-reply-to yes|no
              Append a ’Reply-To:’ header to messages posted without it.   The
              address  from the ’From:’ header is used. Though this might seem
              pretty useless at first glance it  may  be  desireable  as  some
              providers were known to overwrite the ’From:’ header.
              Default: yes

       path-header <path header content>
              Articles posted without a Path: header have one added by NOFFLE.
              When path-header  has  its  default  value  (empty)  the  header
              content   is  "<hostname>!not-for-mail".   Use  the  path-header
              setting to provide alternate content for the Path: header.  This
              will very rarely be necessary.
              Default: <empty string>

       default-expire <n>
              The  default expiry period, in days. An expiry period of 0 means
              Default: 14

       noffle-user <n>
              The username under which NOFFLE  normally  runs.  If  NOFFLE  is
              invoked by root, it will drop its real and effective UID to this
              user as soon as possible.
              Default: news

       noffle-group <n>
              The group under which NOFFLE normally runs. NOFFLE  will  change
              to this real and effective GID as soon as possible.
              Default: news

       expire <group pattern> <n>
              The expiry period for a newsgroup or set of newsgroups, in days.
              The expiry pattern can  contain  wildcards,  and  there  can  be
              multiple  expire  lines.  When  checking the expiry period for a
              group, the expiry patterns are checked in  the  order  in  which
              they  appear  in  /etc/news/noffle.conf  until  the  first match
              occurs. If no pattern matches the group name, the default expiry
              period is used. An expiry period of 0 means "never".
              Default: no

       filter <filter specification>
              Add the specified filter to the list of filters to be applied to
              incoming articles. Filters are applied in  the  order  in  which
              they  appear  in /etc/news/noffle.conf and are further described
              in the section FILTERS below.
              Default: No filters


       NOFFLE uses a  wildcard  format  that  closely  matches  filename-style
       wildcards.   alt.binaries.*,  for example, matches all newsgroups under
       the alt.binaries hierarchy. A full description of the format (known  as
       wildmat patterns) is as follows.

       \x     Turns off the special meaning of x and matches it directly; this
              is used mostly before a question mark or asterisk,  and  is  not
              special inside square brackets.

       ?      Matches any single character.

       *      Matches any sequence of zero or more characters.

              Matches  any  single  character  specified  by the set x...y.  A
              minus sign may be used to indicate a range of characters.   That
              is,  [0-5abc]  is  a  shorthand  for [012345abc].  More than one
              range may appear inside a character set;  [0-9a-zA-Z._]  matches
              almost  all  of the legal characters for a host name.  The close
              bracket, ], may be used if it is the first character in the set.
              The minus sign, -, may be used if it is either the first or last
              character in the set.

              This matches any character  not  in  the  set  x...y,  which  is
              interpreted  as described above.  For example, [^]-] matches any
              character other than a close bracket or minus sign.


       NOFFLE supports basic filtering on incoming articles.  Articles  to  be
       downloaded  can  be  matched  against one or more criteria and matching
       articles are marked for download using one of the group subscribe modes
       full,  over  or  thread.  Alternatively the filter may specify that the
       article mode is discard in which  case  neither  the  article  nor  the
       article overview will be downloaded.

       A   filter   configuration   line   consist   of  one  or  more  filter
       specifications following the filter keyword on the line. The  available
       specifications are:

       action  = full|over|thread|discard|default.  Specifies the action to be
       taken if the filter matches. If not specified or specified as  default,
       the action is as specified by the group’s subscription mode.

       group  =  <group  pattern>.   Matches if any group in which the article
       appears matches the specified group pattern.

       subject = <regular expression>.  Matches if the article subject matches
       the  given  regular expression.  See the section on regular expressions

       from = <regular expression>.  Matches  if  the  article  From:  address
       matches  the  given  regular  expression.   See  the section on regular
       expressions below.

       msgid = <regular  expression>.   Matches  if  the  article  message  ID
       matches  the  given  regular  expression.   See  the section on regular
       expressions below.

       bytes < or = or > <number>.  Matches if the  number  of  bytes  in  the
       article is less than, equal to, or greater than the given number.

       lines  <  or  =  or  > <number>.  Matches if the number of lines in the
       article is less than, equal to, or greater than the given number.

       refs < or  =  or  >  <number>.   Matches  if  the  number  of  articles
       referenced  by  the article is less than, equal to, or greater than the
       given number.

       reference = <regular expression>.  Matches if one of the message IDs in
       the  reference  line  matches  the  given  regular  expression. See the
       section on regular expressions below.

       xposts < or = or > <number>.  Matches  if  the  number  of  groups  the
       article  is posted to is less than, equal to, or greater than the given

       date < or = or > <date expression>.  Matches if the article  is  older,
       from  the  same  day  or  newer than the given date expression. See the
       section on date expressions below.

       older = <date expression>.  Equals date <

       newer = <date expression>.  Equals date >

       post-status  =  mod|yes|no.   Matches  if  the  current  newsgroup   is
       moderated,  not moderated or closed.  Unlike the group filter, only the
       current newsgroup is checked.

       Numbers may have a suffix of ’k’ or  ’m’.  As  you  might  expect,  ’k’
       indicates  the  number is to be multiplied by 1024 and ’m’ indicates it
       is to be multiplied by 1024*1024. Thus 10k is 10240 and 1m is  1048576.

       For  example,  the following filters download all articles in groups in
       the alt.binaries tree in full if they are  <  10k  in  size,  otherwise
       downloads overviews.

       filter group=alt.binaries.* bytes < 10k action=full
       filter group=alt.binaries.* action=over

       This  filter  discards  all  articles  with  a  subject  resembling the
       infamous "$$$ Make Money Now! $$$".

       filter subject="\$*.*Make.*[M|m]oney.*\$" action=discard


       NOFFLE uses extended POSIX-style regular expressions  in  its  filters.
       Regular  expressions  are  a powerful means of describing patterns that
       match text. A full description is to be found in regex(7).


       NOFFLE uses very simple date expressions. You can use  fixed  dates  in
       rfc-2822 style or variable dates:

       date="14  May  2002  18:32:50  +0200" matches any article sent up to 24
       hours before or after the above fixed date.  Please  don’t  forget  the
       timezone specification.

       date>"now+1.5" matches any article newer than 36 hours from the current

       date="lastupdate-14" matches any article older than 14 days  since  the
       date  of  the  last  noffle  --fetch  or noffle --query groups from the
       current newsserver.

       date="invalid" matches any article with an invalid date header.


       noffle(1) regex(7)


       Markus Enzenberger <>
       Volker Wysk <>
       Jim Hague <>
       Uwe Hermann <>
       Mirko Liss <>