Provided by: apache2-doc_2.0.55-4ubuntu2_all bug

NAME

       httpd - Apache Hypertext Transfer Protocol Server

SYNOPSIS

       httpd [ -d serverroot ] [ -f config ] [ -C directive ] [ -c directive ]
       [  -D   parameter   ]   [   -e   level   ]   [   -E   file   ]   [   -k
       start|restart|graceful|stop  ]  [ -R directory ] [ -h ] [ -l ] [ -L ] [
       -S ] [ -t ] [ -v ] [ -V ] [ -X ]

       On Windows systems, the following additional arguments are available:

       httpd [ -k install|config|uninstall ] [ -n name ] [ -w ]

SUMMARY

       httpd is the Apache HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server  program.
       It is designed to be run as a standalone daemon process. When used like
       this it will create a pool of child  processes  or  threads  to  handle
       requests.

       In  general, httpd should not be invoked directly, but rather should be
       invoked via apachectl on Unix-based systems or as a service on  Windows
       NT, 2000 and XP and as a console application on Windows 9x and ME.

OPTIONS

       -d serverroot
              Set   the   initial   value  for  the  ServerRoot  directive  to
              serverroot. This can be overridden by the  ServerRoot  directive
              in the configuration file. The default is /usr/local/apache2.

       -f config
              Uses  the  directives  in  the file config on startup. If config
              does not begin with a /, then it is taken to be a path  relative
              to the ServerRoot. The default is conf/httpd.conf.

       -k start|restart|graceful|stop
              Signals  httpd  to  start, restart, or stop. See Stopping Apache
              for more information.

       -C directive
              Process the configuration directive before reading config files.

       -c directive
              Process  the configuration directive after reading config files.

       -D parameter
              Sets a configuration parameter which can be used with <IfDefine>
              sections  in  the  configuration  files to conditionally skip or
              process commands at server startup and restart.

       -e level
              Sets the LogLevel to level during server startup. This is useful
              for  temporarily  increasing the verbosity of the error messages
              to find problems during startup.

       -E file
              Send error messages during server startup to file.

       -R directory
              When the server is compiled using  the  SHARED_CORE  rule,  this
              specifies the directory for the shared object files.

       -h     Output a short summary of available command line options.

       -l     Output a list of modules compiled into the server. This will not
              list dynamically loaded modules included  using  the  LoadModule
              directive.

       -L     Output a list of directives together with expected arguments and
              places where the directive is valid.

       -S     Show the settings as parsed from the config file (currently only
              shows the virtualhost settings).

       -t     Run  syntax  tests  for  configuration  files  only. The program
              immediately exits after these syntax parsing tests with either a
              return  code  of  0  (Syntax  OK)  or return code not equal to 0
              (Syntax Error). If -D DUMP_VHOSTS is also set,  details  of  the
              virtual host configuration will be printed.

       -v     Print the version of httpd, and then exit.

       -V     Print  the version and build parameters of httpd, and then exit.

       -X     Run httpd in debug mode. Only one worker will be started and the
              server will not detach from the console.

       The following arguments are available only on the Windows platform:

       -k install|config|uninstall
              Install  Apache  as a Windows NT service; change startup options
              for the Apache service; and uninstall the Apache service.

       -n name
              The name of the Apache service to signal.

       -w     Keep the console window open on error so that the error  message
              can be read.