Provided by: manpages-dev_2.17-1_all
close - close a file descriptor
int close(int fd);
close() closes a file descriptor, so that it no longer refers to any
file and may be reused. Any record locks (see fcntl(2)) held on the
file it was associated with, and owned by the process, are removed
(regardless of the file descriptor that was used to obtain the lock).
If fd is the last copy of a particular file descriptor the resources
associated with it are freed; if the descriptor was the last reference
to a file which has been removed using unlink(2) the file is deleted.
close() returns zero on success. On error, -1 is returned, and errno
is set appropriately.
EBADF fd isn’t a valid open file descriptor.
EINTR The close() call was interrupted by a signal.
EIO An I/O error occurred.
SVr4, SVID, POSIX, X/OPEN, 4.3BSD. SVr4 documents an additional
ENOLINK error condition.
Not checking the return value of close is a common but nevertheless
serious programming error. It is quite possible that errors on a
previous write(2) operation are first reported at the final close().
Not checking the return value when closing the file may lead to silent
loss of data. This can especially be observed with NFS and with disk
A successful close does not guarantee that the data has been
successfully saved to disk, as the kernel defers writes. It is not
common for a filesystem to flush the buffers when the stream is closed.
If you need to be sure that the data is physically stored use fsync(2).
(It will depend on the disk hardware at this point.)
fcntl(2), fsync(2), open(2), shutdown(2), unlink(2), fclose(3)