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NAME

       setlocale - set the current locale

SYNOPSIS

       #include <locale.h>

       char *setlocale(int category, const char *locale);

DESCRIPTION

       The  setlocale() function is used to set or query the program’s current
       locale.

       If locale is  not  NULL,  the  program’s  current  locale  is  modified
       according  to  the  arguments.   The argument category determines which
       parts of the program’s current locale should be modified.

       LC_ALL for all of the locale.

       LC_COLLATE
              for regular expression matching (it determines  the  meaning  of
              range expressions and equivalence classes) and string collation.

       LC_CTYPE
              for  regular  expression  matching,  character   classification,
              conversion,   case-sensitive   comparison,  and  wide  character
              functions.

       LC_MESSAGES
              for localizable natural-language messages.

       LC_MONETARY
              for monetary formatting.

       LC_NUMERIC
              for number  formatting  (such  as  the  decimal  point  and  the
              thousands separator).

       LC_TIME
              for time and date formatting.

       The  argument  locale is a pointer to a character string containing the
       required setting of category.  Such a string  is  either  a  well-known
       constant  like "C" or "da_DK" (see below), or an opaque string that was
       returned by another call of setlocale().

       If locale is "", each part of the locale that should be modified is set
       according  to the environment variables. The details are implementation
       dependent.  For glibc, first (regardless of category), the  environment
       variable  LC_ALL  is  inspected, next the environment variable with the
       same  name  as  the  category   (LC_COLLATE,   LC_CTYPE,   LC_MESSAGES,
       LC_MONETARY,  LC_NUMERIC, LC_TIME) and finally the environment variable
       LANG.  The first existing environment variable is used.  If  its  value
       is  not  a  valid  locale  specification,  the locale is unchanged, and
       setlocale() returns NULL.

       The locale "C" or "POSIX" is  a  portable  locale;  its  LC_CTYPE  part
       corresponds to the 7-bit ASCII character set.

       A      locale      name      is      typically      of     the     form
       language[_territory][.codeset][@modifier], where language is an ISO 639
       language  code, territory is an ISO 3166 country code, and codeset is a
       character set or encoding identifier like ISO-8859-1 or UTF-8.   For  a
       list of all supported locales, try "locale -a", cf. locale(1).

       If locale is NULL, the current locale is only queried, not modified.

       On  startup of the main program, the portable "C" locale is selected as
       default.  A program may be made portable  to  all  locales  by  calling
       setlocale(LC_ALL,  ""  )  after  program   initialization, by using the
       values  returned  from  a  localeconv()   call   for   locale-dependent
       information,  by  using the multi-byte and wide character functions for
       text processing if MB_CUR_MAX > 1, and by using strcoll(), wcscoll() or
       strxfrm(), wcsxfrm() to compare strings.

RETURN VALUE

       A  successful  call  to  setlocale()  returns  an  opaque  string  that
       corresponds to the locale set.  This string may be allocated in  static
       storage.   The string returned is such that a subsequent call with that
       string and its associated  category  will  restore  that  part  of  the
       process’s  locale.   The  return value is NULL if the request cannot be
       honored.

CONFORMING TO

       ANSI C, POSIX.1

NOTES

       Linux (that is,  GNU  libc)  supports  the  portable  locales  "C"  and
       "POSIX".   In  the  good  old  days  there  used  to be support for the
       European  Latin-1  "ISO-8859-1"  locale  (e.g.   in   libc-4.5.21   and
       libc-4.6.27), and the Russian "KOI-8" (more precisely, "koi-8r") locale
       (e.g.  in  libc-4.6.27),  so  that  having  an   environment   variable
       LC_CTYPE=ISO-8859-1 sufficed to make isprint() return the right answer.
       These days non-English speaking Europeans have to work  a  bit  harder,
       and must install actual locale files.

SEE ALSO

       locale(1),   localedef(1),   isalpha(3),   localeconv(3),   strcoll(3),
       strftime(3), charsets(4), locale(7)