Provided by: postgresql-client-8.0_8.0.7-2build1_i386
CREATE DATABASE - create a new database
CREATE DATABASE name
[ [ WITH ] [ OWNER [=] dbowner ]
[ TEMPLATE [=] template ]
[ ENCODING [=] encoding ]
[ TABLESPACE [=] tablespace ] ]
CREATE DATABASE creates a new PostgreSQL database.
To create a database, you must be a superuser or have the special
CREATEDB privilege. See CREATE USER [create_user(7)].
Normally, the creator becomes the owner of the new database.
Superusers can create databases owned by other users using the OWNER
clause. They can even create databases owned by users with no special
privileges. Non-superusers with CREATEDB privilege can only create
databases owned by themselves.
By default, the new database will be created by cloning the standard
system database template1. A different template can be specified by
writing TEMPLATE name. In particular, by writing TEMPLATE template0,
you can create a virgin database containing only the standard objects
predefined by your version of PostgreSQL. This is useful if you wish to
avoid copying any installation-local objects that may have been added
name The name of a database to create.
The name of the database user who will own the new database, or
DEFAULT to use the default (namely, the user executing the
The name of the template from which to create the new database,
or DEFAULT to use the default template (template1).
Character set encoding to use in the new database. Specify a
string constant (e.g., ’SQL_ASCII’), or an integer encoding
number, or DEFAULT to use the default encoding. The character
sets supported by the PostgreSQL server are described in the
The name of the tablespace that will be associated with the new
database, or DEFAULT to use the template database’s tablespace.
This tablespace will be the default tablespace used for objects
created in this database. See CREATE TABLESPACE
[create_tablespace(7)] for more information.
Optional parameters can be written in any order, not only the order
CREATE DATABASE cannot be executed inside a transaction block.
Errors along the line of ‘‘could not initialize database directory’’
are most likely related to insufficient permissions on the data
directory, a full disk, or other file system problems.
Use DROP DATABASE [drop_database(7)] to remove a database.
The program createdb [createdb(1)] is a wrapper program around this
command, provided for convenience.
Although it is possible to copy a database other than template1 by
specifying its name as the template, this is not (yet) intended as a
general-purpose ‘‘COPY DATABASE’’ facility. We recommend that
databases used as templates be treated as read-only. See the
documentation for more information.
To create a new database:
CREATE DATABASE lusiadas;
To create a database sales owned by user salesapp with a default
tablespace of salesspace:
CREATE DATABASE sales OWNER salesapp TABLESPACE salesspace;
To create a database music which supports the ISO-8859-1 character set:
CREATE DATABASE music ENCODING ’LATIN1’;
There is no CREATE DATABASE statement in the SQL standard. Databases
are equivalent to catalogs, whose creation is implementation-defined.