Provided by: afbackup-client_3.3.8.1final-1_i386 bug


       afclient - controls the client functions of the afbackup package


       afclient   -cxtd   [-[RraunlOUvgIiqQZwbjGK]]   [-D  <destination>]  [-M
       <message>]  [-m  <message-poll-interval>]  [-h   <backup-server>]   [-z
       <proccmd>  <unproccmd>]  [-T <to-extract-file/tmpdir-for-copytape>] [-C
       <cartridge-number>] [-F <filenumber-on-tape>]  [-f  <archive-filename>]
       [-e  <errorlog-filename>]  [-p  <server-port-number>]  [-N <newer-than-
       filename>] [-o <user-ID>] [-k <encrption-key-file>] [-s  <dont-process-
       filepattern> [-s ...]]  [-H <header>] [-V <statistics-report-file>] [-A
       <after-time-seconds>]  [-B   <before-time-seconds>]   [-W   <identity>]
       [<files> <directories> ...]
       afclient -X <program> [ -h <backup-client> ]
       afclient -?
       afclient -usage

       The  first form is similar to tar (1), except that it contacts a backup
       server, if the -f option is not supplied.

       The second form is used to start a program remotely on another host. In
       most cases this will be one of:

              afclient -X full_backup -h <some-host>
              afclient -X incr_backup -h <some-host>

       Normally this host is a backup client and a backup is started this way.
       Only programs can be started, that reside in  the  directory,  that  is
       configured  in  the  backup server’s configuration file unter "Program-

       The third form produces the following help text:


       This program is used to maintain archives on a backup server host or in
       a file. Archives can be created, extracted or their contents be listed.
       One of the following flags has always to be supplied:

       -c     to create an archive

       -x     to extract from an archive

       -t     to list the contents of an archive

       -d     to verify (compare) the contents of an archive

       -C     to set a certain cartridge on  the  backup  server  (makes  only
              sense  extracting or listing with -x or -t, the writing position
              can’t be changed by clients)

       -F     to set a certain file on the backup server’s tape (same  applies
              as for -C )

       -q     to  printout  the  current cartridge and tape file number on the
              backup server

       -Q     to printout the cartridge and tape file number for the the  next
              write access on the backup server

       -X     followed by the full path name of a program to be started on the
              client. This can be used to trigger a backup remotely.   If  the
              program needs arguments, the command together with the arguments
              has to be enclosed by quotes

       -I     to printout an index of  the  backups  written  to  the  current

       -w     to  check  the  status  of the streamer on the server side, e.g.
              whether it is ready and waiting for  requests  to  service,  see
              below for possible states

       -G     to  request  a new cartridge for the next writing operation.  If
              the current writing position is already at the  beginning  of  a
              new or reused tape, nothing happens

       -D <destination>
              to  make an exact copy of a tape to another one (duplicate). See
              below how to specify the destination tape.  Duplication  can  be
              either from one cartridge to another on the same server, or from
              one server to another one.  When  copying  to  the  same  server
              chunks  of  data  are  stored  in  a  temporary directory on the
              client, where the command is started, what should preferably  be
              the source server

       -M <message>
              Send  a  message  to the server. Messages will in the most cases
              contain whitespace, so they should be enclosed in quotes. Server
              messages  should be sent to the single stream server (port), the
              multi stream server  might  hang  receiving  a  message  due  to
              systematical  reasons.  Several  messages  can  be  put into the
              string. They must be separated by a real  newline  character  or
              the  usual  C-like  .   The  following  messages  are  currently

              PreciousTapes: <list-of-tapes>
                     The list of tapes is inserted into  the  table  with  the
                     tapes, that are crucial for clients to restore all files,
                     that are listed in all existing index files. These  tapes
                     will  not be overwritten until explicitly permitted. This
                     message is generated automatically and should not be used
                     in other user contexts

              ReuseTapes: <list-of-tapes>
                     The  opposite  of  PreciousTapes.  Sending  this  message
                     permits the server to overwrite the listed tapes,  though
                     they are crucial for some client

              TapesReadOnly: <list-of-tapes>
                     The  list  of tapes is inserted into the file listing the
                     files, that should not be written any more  for  whatever

              TapesReadWrite: <list-of-tapes>
                     This  reverts  the status of tapes set read-only to read-
                     write, the opposite of TapesReadOnly

                     When an operator is requested to do something the  server
                     is  waiting  for, this message can be sent to trigger the
                     server to proceed. This message has the  same  effect  as
                     the cartready command

              DeleteClient: <client-identifier>
                     The  tapes,  that  are marked as reserved for a client to
                     recover all the data in his indexes, are freed. That  is,
                     the   appropriate  line  is  removed  from  the  server’s
                     precious_tapes file

       -c, -x, -t, -d, -X, -d and -I are mutual exclusive. The  other  options
       can be supplied as needed. To set the cartridge and/or the tape file on
       the backup server is only making sense when not  creating  an  archive.
       The  serial  order  of writing to tape is handled by the server machine
       independently of the client.

       More options in alphabetical order:

       -      in combination with -c: read standard  input  and  write  it  to
              tape, in combination with -x: read tape and write it to standard

       -A <time>
              process files (save or extract) modified after the given time in
              seconds since 1.1.1970 00:00

       -a     in  combination  with  -x : extract all files and directories in
              the archive

       -b     don’t enter buffering mode

       -B <time>
              process files (save or extract) modified before the  given  time
              in seconds since 1.1.1970 00:00

       -e <errlog>
              Use  the file <errlog> to write error messages to instead of the
              standard error output

       -f <file>
              write to or read from a file  instead  of  querying  the  backup

       -g     while extracting/reading: ignore leading garbage, suppress error
              messages at the beginning. This is useful when  extracting  from
              tape files, that are not the first ones of a whole archive.

       -H <header>
              put  the  supplied  informational  header  to  the  begin of the
              backup. If a - is supplied (no space may follow -H i.e. -H-) the
              information  is  read  from  the  first line of stdin. Backslash
              sequences of C-like style are replaced

       -h <host>
              use the backup server with the name <host> default host  is  the
              machine with the name backuphost

       -i     while extracting: ignore the stored ownership and do not restore

       -j     when starting to write: request starting a new tape file

       -K     when packing, do not keep  the  access  time  of  the  file.  By
              default  after packing a filesystem entry it’s previous atime is

       -k <file>
              use the contents  of  the  given  file  as  encryption  key  for
              authenticating to the server

       -l     for each packed or unpacked filename, if sending to or receiving
              from a backup server in verbose mode  in  combination  with  -n:
              printout  server  name  and  port number at the beginning of the
              line, e. g.: orion%2988!

       -N <file>
              while archiving: ignore files with a  modification  time  before
              the  one  of  the given file, only save newer files or such with
              the same age in seconds

       -n     for each packed or unpacked filename, if sending to or receiving
              from  a  backup  server  in verbose mode: printout cartridge and
              tape file number at the beginning of  the  line,  e.  g.:  7.15:
              In  combination  with  -X:  precede each line of output received
              from the remotely started program with  the  identifier  of  the
              remote host and a colon, e. g.:  darkstar: Full backup finished.

       -O     for each packed file creating a backup in verbose mode: printout
              the  user-ID  of  the  file  owner  at the beginning of the line
              prefixed with a bar  |  eventually  behind  cartridge  and  file

       -o <uid>
              archive  or  extract only files owned by the user with the given
              user-ID (an integer)

       -p <portno>
              use a different port number for communicating  with  the  backup
              server. Default is TCP-Port 2988

       -R     pack  or  extract  directories  recursively  with  all  of their

       -r     use filenames relative to the current  directory,  whether  they
              start with a slash or not. If -r is given more then 1 time, also
              let symlinks originally pointing to absolute paths now point  to
              paths  relative  to  the  directory,  where  the symlink will be

       -S <cartset>
              The cartridge set to use, where <cartset> is  the  number  of  a
              valid  cartridge  set  on  the  server  side. Default is 1. This
              option makes sense only when creating backups with -c

       -s <filepat>
              do not attempt processing on files matching the  given  filename
              pattern. This parameter may appear several times

       -T <file>
              read  the  filenames  to process from the <file>.  The filenames
              must be separated by whitespace.  If whitespace  is  part  of  a
              filename,  it has to be enclosed by double quotes. Double quotes
              or backslashes within the filename have  to  be  preceded  by  a
              backslash.  In  combination with -D: the tape files to be copied
              are temporarily stored in the given  directory  instead  of  the
              default directory /tmp

       -U     for each packed file creating a backup in verbose mode: printout
              the modification time of the file in seconds since 1970/1/1 0:00
              at  the beginning of the line prefixed with a tilde ~ eventually
              behind cartridge number, file number and owner

       -u     while extracting: remove existing files with the  same  name  as
              found   in   the   archive.  Otherwise  no  existing  files  are

       -V <file>
              write a report containing statistics at the end of a  backup  to
              the <file>

       -v     verbose  mode: print the filenames while creating or extracting,
              be a little more verbose while listing contents. If  -v  is  the
              only given flag: print out software name and version

       -z <z> <uz>
              use  <z> as the command, that is used to process files, <uz> for
              the corresponding unprocess.  The command has to read from stdin
              and  to write to stdout. If arguments have to be supplied to <z>
              and/or <uz>, don’t forget to use quotes. If built-in compression
              is  desired,  the command for processing has to start with a dot
              (.), followed by a space and a number ranging from 1 to 9,  that
              specifies  the  compression  level.  If  an  additional external
              command should process the data, it may follow,  separated  from
              the compression level by whitespace. The order of processing is:
              First the external program processes  the  data,  then  built-in
              compression  is  applied. An empty string has to be supplied for
              <uz> (or any other dummy is ok), if only built-in compression is
              desired.  Examples for <z>:

               gzip       (run external command gzip),
               "gzip -2"  (the same with an argument),
               ". 8"      (only built-in compression level 8),
               ". 3 __descrpt -k /my/key" (run command __descrpt
                          and apply built-in compression level 3)

       -Z     while  printing  out  the  contents:  check  those  files in the
              archive that are processed for  integrity.   While  creating  an
              archive:  write a CRC32 checksum for each file, file contents or
              command output to the backup stream

       -?     to printout this text


       The names of the files and directories, that have to  be  put  into  or
       extracted  from an archive are by default read from the standard input.
       If you supply filenames in the command line or enter the -a  flag  when
       extracting,  standard  input  is  not  read.   The  same  applies, when
       filenames are read from a file with the -T  option.  When  reading  the
       names  from  a  file or from standard input, they must be given one per
       line.  If  a  name  contains  special  characters  (like   newline   or
       nonprintable ones), they have to be specified using backslash-sequences
       like in C-code, e.g. \n for newline.  In save mode ( -c ) filenames can
       be  prefixed  with  character sequences, that have special meanings (no
       space between prefix and filename):

       /../   The file is not saved with all attributes present in the  inode,
              but  only  the  contents  are  saved.   This might be useful for
              saving raw-devices

       //../  With /../ the configured processing is not applied to  the  file
              contents for safety reasons.  With this prefix processing can be
              forced nonetheless

       |||    and a mandatory space character indicates,  that  the  following
              characters  up  to  (but  not  including) another triple bar |||
              should be interpreted as a shell command, that  is  started  and
              whose  standard output is written to the backup. At restore time
              the command following the second triple bar is started  and  the
              data  stream  read  at  backup  time is written to it’s standard
              input. This might be  useful  for  saving  e.g.  databases.  The
              second  command  may  be  terminated by a triple sharp ###, that
              starts an optional comment.  Example:

              ||| pg_dumpall ||| psql db_tmpl ### Store Postgres DBs


       The -w option reports one of the following  states,  separated  by  the
       plus character + :

       READY  the  device  is not in use by any program and the server side is
              ready to service requests

       BUSY   the device is in use and  currently  operated  by  the  afbackup

              the  streamer device is in use by some program, that is not part
              of the afbackup service

              the streamer device is not  accessible  or  in  some  other  way

              the device is not busy, but there is no tape loaded

              when  reported  together  with  UNLOADED,  a  tape can be loaded
              quickly e.g. using the afclient command with option -C <cartno>.
              It  is  not considered quickly, if a human operator must put the
              cartridge into the drive, so  in  this  case  only  UNLOADED  is
              reported.   When  reported  with  READY, the tape can be changed
              quickly (same understanding as before).


       The destination tape for the duplicate operation can be  given  in  two
       ways:  either  with  the  options  -h,  -p,  -C and -k following the -D
       immediately without space and enclosed in quotes, so that  they  appear
       as an own argument list in one real argument, e.g.:

        -D’ -C 5 -h targethost -p targetport’
       (double quotes are of course also possible ...).

       The second format is as follows:


       At least one of the specifiers must be present. Examples:


       If  one  of the specifiers is omitted, it is assumed identical with the
       copy source specified in the normal options -h, -p, -C and -k.  Copying
       a tape to itself is prevented.


              Client configuration file

              The directory for logging the client backups

              Some internal state information of the client backups.


       afclientconfig(8),  xafclientconfig(8), full_backup(8), incr_backup(8),
       afverify(8), afrestore(8),  xafrestore(8),  afserver(8),  afmserver(8),
       copy_tape(8),  afclient.conf(8),  afserver.conf(8),  update_indexes(8),


       afbackup was written by Albert Fluegel (  This  manpage  was
       extracted  from  the  text  docs  by  Christian  Meder  (meder@isr.uni-