Provided by: afbackup-client_3.3.8.1final-1_i386 bug


       afrestore - the restore utility of the afbackup package


       afrestore  [  -nltvmi ] [ -<past-backup-no> ] [ -C <root-directory> ] [
       -h <backuphosts> ] [ -P <backup-ports> ] [ -c <configuration-file> ]  [
       -W  <identity>  ]  [  -A  "<after-date>"  ] [ -B "<before-date>" ] [ -T
       <tapes> ]  [  -I  <indexfile-part>  ]  [  -V  <var-directory>  ]  [  -k
       <encryption-key-file>  ]  [  -z  <process-cmd>  <unprocess-cmd>  ] [ -Z
       <built-in-compress-level> ] [ -F <format> ] [ { -N  <num-indexfiles>  |
       -O  <indexfile-age-days>  }  ]  [  -M  <server-message-config> ] [ -p ]
       <path-pattern> [ [ -p ] <path-patterns> [ ... ] ]
       afrestore -a [ -nlvm ] [ -<past-backup-no> ] [ -C <root-directory> ]  [
       -h  <backuphosts> ] [ -P <backup-ports> ] [ -c <configuration-file> ] [
       -W <identity> ] [ -I <indexfile-part> ] [ -V  <var-directory>  ]  [  -k
       <encryption-key-file>  ]  [  -z  <process-cmd>  <unprocess-cmd>  ] [ -Z
       <built-in-compress-level> ] [  -F  <format>  ]  [  -M  <server-message-
       config> ]
       afrestore -{ef} [ -evm ] [ -C <root-directory> ] [ -h <backuphosts> ] [
       -P  <backup-ports>  ]  [  -V  <var-directory>  ]  [  -z   <process-cmd>
       <unprocess-cmd>  ]  [  -Z <built-in-compress-level> ] [ -k <encryption-
       key-file> ] [ -W <identity> ]  [  -M  <server-message-config>  ]  [  -c
       <configuration-file> ] < <startup-info-file>
       afrestore  -E [ -Enlvm ] [ -C <root-directory> ] [ -h <backuphosts> ] [
       -P  <backup-ports>  ]  [  -V  <var-directory>  ]  [  -z   <process-cmd>
       <unprocess-cmd>  ]  [  -Z <built-in-compress-level> ] [ -k <encryption-
       key-file> ] [ -W <identity> ]  [  -M  <server-message-config>  ]  [  -c
       <configuration-file> ] [ <cartridge-number> | <cartridge-range> ] ... ]


       The first form can be used for restoring selected pieces of  a  certain
       previous  backup  run.  If  no  option of the type -<past-backup-no> is
       supplied (e.g. -2 ), the most recently made backup is accessed.  If  an
       option like this is given, the backup system tries to extract the files
       from the backup before ( -1 ) or even an earlier  one.  This  requires,
       that  enough  file- and directory-name-logging is provided. This can be
       done with the  client-side  configuration  parameter  NumIndexesToStore
       (See:  afclient.conf(8)). The parameters <path-pattern> indicate, which
       files and directories should be restored. An  asterisk  is  implicitely
       put  before  and  after  the  <path-pattern>,  so it is assumed to be a
       substring of the path. This  can  be  prevented  preceding  the  <path-
       pattern>  with the option -p.  These may be wildcards for the full path
       name leading to the file relative to the directory, to that the  client
       changes  before starting any backup or restore (See under the parameter
       RootDirectory under afclient.conf(8)).  Note,  that  you  have  to  put
       these  into quotes, if you are using wildcards to prevent substutition.
       It is a bad idea to restore a total backup entering: restore  "*"  This
       leads to a huge filelist to be processed by the client, what might plug
       up memory and/or temporary space in some filesystem. Instead you should
       use  the  second form with the option -a, what restores a total backup.
       The third form restores without looking for filename log files. Instead
       it reads the standard input for information, where to extract from. The
       format  expected  at  standard  input  is  the  same  as  produced   by
       incr_backup    or    full_backup,    if    the   configuration   option
       StartupInfoProgram is used. The given program is then supplied with the
       appropriate  information  and should write it to some place outside the
       local host, so that it will not be  affected  by  a  hard  crash  (see:
       StartupInfoProgram  in  afclient.conf(8)).  The flag -e can be supplied
       more than one time. In that case the emergency restore goes back to the
       beginning of the previous full backup, if the full backup is split into
       several parts (configuration parameter  NumBackupParts)  and  the  last
       part  of  the  current full backup has not yes run. If the backup parts
       configuration has changed after the  beginning  of  the  previous  full
       backup,  this  option  should  be  considered,  as  it gives additional
       safety, that really everything will be restored. The fourth form  scans
       the  cartridges  (if  supplied)  on  the  given  servers  (if supplied,
       eventually with alternate given  port  numbers  -  see  below  for  the
       format,  how  to  specify cartridge/host/port-triples) for backups done
       from the host, where  the  restore  program  is  started  and  restores
       everything  it  finds. The functionality is similar to -e, but no input
       has to be supplied. Like with option -e,  the  -E  flag  can  be  given
       several  times,  what  has  the  same  meaning like with option -e (see
       above). If the client’s hostname has changed or restore should be  done
       on  another  host,  the original client ID must be supplied with the -W
       option. Otherwise nothing or the wrong stuff will be restored. Scanning
       the  cartridges  can  take  a  lot  of  time,  but it should be several
       minutes, not hours.  Cartridges can  be  supplied  in  three  forms  as
       arguments:  simple  numbers,  ranges (e. g. as 3-5 without spaces), and
       ranges relative to the current backup writing position (e. g.  as  -3).
       In the latter case -0 means the cartridge, that will be written to next
       time i.e. that holds the current  writing  point.  -2  stands  for  the
       latest  3  cartridges.  To  indicate,  that a cartridge is located at a
       certain backup server, maybe with a special port number (if  there  are
       several  backup servers), the cartridge number or range can be followed
       by the at-character @, optionally followed by the percent  character  %
       and  the port number, e. g.  3-5@buhost%2989 . No whitespace is allowed
       in such a specifier.  If no port is given, the default port is  assumed
       (2988).  If  no  hostname  is given, the default backup server is used.
       Default backup server is the first one in the list, that is  configured
       in  the  parameter  file  or  overriden by the option -h. Any number of
       ranges or numbers can be supplied, overlapping duplicates are  ignored.
       If  no  cartridge numbers are given, the program searches backward from
       the current writing position on each configured backup server until  it
       thinks,  it  has enough backups found, or all cartridges on that server
       have been tried. The found backups are  sorted  in  the  correct  order
       (using  the  stored  backup  time)  and  afterwards everything found is
       restored.  This form of the command needs no information at all for  an
       emergency   restore.    If  the  configuration  file  is  not  supplied
       explicitly, then it is searched for in the /usr/client/lib and  if  not
       found   there   the   files  /etc/buclient.conf,  /etc/afbuclient.conf,
       /etc/afclient.conf and /etc/afbackup/client.conf are tried.

       -A <date>
              restore files modified after the given date. The date should  be
              put  into  quotes,  cause  it usually contains whitespace. Valid
              formats are e.g.:
                MM/DD/YYYY hh:mm:ss
                DD.MM.YYYY hh:mm:ss
              or the formats produced by ctime(3) or date(1). The year may  be
              supplied  in  two  digits  or in the non-US- formats be omitted,
              then the current year is  assumed.   The  seconds  may  also  be
              omitted  (hh:mm),  the whole time may be left off, then 00:00 is
              assumed. Thus the shortest valid format is DD.MM

       -B <date>
              restore files modified before the given date.  See  -A  for  the
              valid date formats

       -C <rootdir>
              change  to  the  given  root-directory  before  restoring  files
              instead of the one specified in the  client  side  configuration
              file. If this directory does not exist, it will be created

       -c <configfile>
              use the given file for configuration information

       -e     restore  all files from the previous backup in an emergency case
              without looking  for  the  filename  logfiles,  which  are  also

       -F <format-string>
              In  combination with -l a format string for output.  Default is:
              only the full paths of the stored files  are  printed,  one  per
              line.  The  format string can also contain patterns representing
              other file attributes present in the index file(s). For possible
              patterns see below under FORMAT STRING.

       -f     restore only the filename logfiles in an emergency case

       -h <hostnames>
              Use the given list of hosts as backup servers. This list is used
              only, if no hostname information can be found as associated with
              the current filesystem entry, that should be restored. The first
              host in  this  list  is  the  default  server,  if  no  hostname
              information at all can be found. If -E is given and no cartridge
              number is supplied at all, all hosts in this list are tried  one
              after the other.  The hostnames in this list can be separated by
              whitespace and/or commas

       -I <idx-prefix>
              The first part of the filename, the names of  the  stored  files
              and  directories are written to. The current total backup number
              is appended (that increments each start of a  full  backup).  If
              these files undergo processing, .z is appended

       -i     Ignore case distinctions in the filename patterns

       -k <file>
              Use  the  contents  of  the  given  file  as  encryption key for
              authenticating to the server

       -l     Do not restore anything, just list the names of the files and/or
              directories,  that fit the supplied path-part(s); in combination
              with -E: just scan the given tape(s) and  printout  the  minimum
              restore info, that can be read by restore -e

       -M <server-message-config>
              The  configuration  to  output  messages  from  the server, that
              normally are sent only via mail to a maintainer.  The first word
              consisting  of  the letters b r v and c tells, whether to output
              messages  during  backup,   restore,   verify   and   copy-tape,
              respecively.  The  next words must name the service name or port
              number of the single stream servers, related to the option -P  .
              For  each  multi  stream  service  configured  with -P or in the
              configuration file, the respective single stream service must be
              given here

       -m     Do not overwrite existing files (merge)

       -n     do not restore anything, just printout a message, how many files
              and/or directories fit the supplied path-part(s); in combination
              with  -E: just scan the given tape(s) and printout, what backups
              have been written there

       -N <numidxs>
              The maximum number of index files, that are scanned for matching
              filenames.  With  each full backup, a new index file is created.
              If time restrictions are given (options -A or -B), all  existing
              index files are read, what may take a long time, if many of them
              are  kept  available  (see   clientside   configuration   option
              NumIndexesToStore  or  option  -N of full_backup). So using this
              parameter the scanning can be restricted to a certain number  of

       -O <maxidxage>
              The  maximum  age  of index files, that are scanned for matching
              filenames, in days. See option -N . The given number of days may
              be a floating point value

       -P <portnos>
              The   list  of  port  numbers  for  the  backup  servers  either
              configured in the parameter file or supplied with the -h option.
              This  list  is  used  only, if no port number information can be
              found as associated with  the  current  filesystem  entry,  that
              should   be   restored.  The  port  numbers  supplied  here  are
              associated with the backup server names by position.   The  port
              numbers  in  this  list  can  be  separated by whitespace and/or

       -T <tapes>
              Restore and list only files from the given list of tapes.  Tapes
              can be specified using numbers, commas and dashes, e.g. 3-5,8,1

       -t     Do  not  restore  anything,  just  list the tapes, that would be
              needed to restore everything that  matches  the  supplied  path-

       -V <var-dir>
              The directory, where varying files are put

       -z <proccmd> <unproccmd>
              The  commands  to  use  for  process and unprocess. If a command
              comprises of several words, it must be put in quotes

       I suggest to run restore with the -l  option  before  really  going  to
       restore  anything.  So  you  see, what files will be generated, without
       overwriting existing ones unintendedly.


       The following patterns will be replaced:

       %n     The filename with full path like in default output

       %b     The basename of the file, without path

       %O     The username of the file owner

       %o     The user-ID of the file owner (integer)

       %m     The modification time in seconds since epoch

       %M     The modification time in readable format

       %t     The starting time of the backup containing the file  in  seconds
              since epoch

       %T     Like %t, but in readable format

       %h     The  hostname  of  the  backup server, to that the file has been

       %p     The port number of the backup server, to that the file has  been

       %c     The  cartridge number on the server, the saved file can be found

       %f     The tape file number on cartridge %c, where the saved  file  can
              be found

       %%     A percent character

       The   usual   C-like  backslash  sequences  are  allowed,  but  special
       characters within the filenames are still printed as escape  sequences,
       e.g. \n .  A newline at the end must be given explicitly as backslash n
       (\n), otherwise no new  line  will  start.   Double  quotes  should  be
       written  as argument enclosed in single quotes. To see several versions
       of a saved filesystem entry in the indexes the option -B or -A must  be
       given, maybe with a condition, that is always true, e.g. -B 23:59, what
       means: before today, 23:59.


              Client configuration file

              The directory for logging the client backups

              Some internal state information of the client backups.


       afclientconfig(8), xafclientconfig(8), full_backup(8),  incr_backup(8),
       afverify(8),     afrestore(8),     xafrestore(8),    update_indexes(8),
       copy_tape(8),     afclient.conf(8),     afserver(8),      afmserver(8),
       afserver.conf(8), tar(1)


       afbackup was written by Albert Fluegel (