Provided by: dcc-server_1.2.74-2_i386 bug


     dbclean - Clean Distributed Checksum Clearinghouse Database


     dbclean [-dDfFNRPSVq] [-i id] [-a [server-addr][,port]] [-h homedir]
             [-G on] [-s hash-size] [-e seconds] [-E spamsecs]
             [-t type,allsecs,threshold,bulksecs] [-L ltype,facility.level]


     Dbclean creates empty, rebuilds corrupted, and deletes or expires old
     reports of checksums from DCC databases.  It should be installed where it
     will be found with the path given the DCC server daemon when the daemon
     needs to expand the hash table.  See dccd(8).  It should also be run by
     cron(8) approximately daily.

     If the hash table in the database has been damaged, dbclean tries to
     repair the database.

     The contents of the whitelist file are built into the DCC server’s
     database.  Changes to the whitelist are not effective until dbclean is
     run to expire reports.  White or blacklists can also be used by DCC
     clients, and generally work better there.

     The following options are available:

     -d   enables debugging output.  Additional -d options increase the number
          of messages.

     -D   indicates that dccd(8) started dbclean.

     -F   uses read() and write() instead of mmap() in some cases to access
          the DCC database.  This works better on some versions of Solaris
          provided the entire DCC database fits in RAM and provided the file
          system has not been tuned for the large, random accesses of a DCC
          database.  It is the default on Solaris.

     -f   turns off -F.

     -N   creates a new, empty database.  There must not be an existing
          database and the DCC server, dccd(8), must not be running.

     -R   repairs a database.

     -P   expires old checksums from a database using the -e, -E, and -t
          values from the preceding use of dbclean.  -P cannot be used with
          -e, -E, or -t.  Note also that using -P differs from not using -e -E
          or -t, because in the absence of all four, their default values are

     -S   says that the DCC server, dccd(8), is not running and so dbclean
          should run stand-alone and not try to tell the DCC server about
          changes to the database.  -i is not needed when -S is present.

     -V   displays the version of the DCC database cleaner.

     -q   quiets the announcement of results at the end.

     -i id
          specifies the DCC ID recognized by the local DCC server as its own.
          This ID allows the DCC server to recognize commands from dbclean to
          stop using the database while it is being cleaned.

     -a [server-addr][,port]
          is commonly used to specify a UDP port or IP address of the local
          server other than the default.

     -h homedir
          overrides the default DCC home directory, which is often /var/dcc.

     -G on
          cleans a greylist database.

     -s hash-size
          specifies a size for the hash table.  By default the hash table is
          rebuilt to be approximately 80% full based on an estimate of the
          number of distinct checksums in the main file.

     -e seconds
          specifies that reports older than seconds and with totals below
          their -t thresholds should be deleted.  Reports older than seconds
          of checksums that have been reported more recently are summarized in
          the database.  The default value is 2 days or the value of -E,
          whichever is smaller.  The 2 day default is reduced if the system
          does not appear to have enough RAM to hold the database.  The
          minimum is 1 hour.  Seconds can also be NEVER or a number of hours,
          days, or weeks followed by HOURS, H, DAYS, D, WEEKS or W.

          DCC servers that are not very busy and are isolated or do not
          receive "floods" of checksums from busy servers should use longer
          values to increase their chances of recognizing bulk mail.

     -E spamsecs
          changes the expiration of checksums exceding -t thresholds from the
          default of 30 days or the explicit value of -e, whichever is larger.
          The 30 day default is reduced if the system does not have enough RAM
          to hold the database.  Spamsecs can also be NEVER or a number of
          hours, days, or weeks followed by HOURS, H, DAYS, D, WEEKS or W.

     -t type,allsecs[,threshold,bulksecs]
          overrides the global -e setting and specifies that reports of
          checksums of type with total counts of at least threshold should be
          kept for bulksecs seconds.  All reports should be kept for the
          shorter duration, allsecs seconds.  The threshold is either a number
          or the string MANY indicating millions of targets.  By default
          dbclean acts as if given -t Fuz1,seconds,20,spamsecs
          -t Fuz2,seconds,20,spamsecs, where seconds is the value for -e and
          spamsecs is the value for -E.  All other checksum types act as if
          -t type,seconds were specified.  Allsecs and bulksecs can also be
          NEVER or a number of hours, days, or weeks followed by HOURS, H,
          DAYS, D, WEEKS or W.

     -L ltype,facility.level
          specifies how messages should be logged.  Ltype must be error or
          info to indicate which of the two types of messages are being
          controlled.  Level must be a syslog(3) level among EMERG, ALERT,
          CRIT, ERR, WARNING, NOTICE, INFO, and DEBUG.  Facility must be among
          UUCP, and LOCAL0 through LOCAL7.  The default is equivalent to

                -L info,MAIL.NOTICE -L error,MAIL.ERR

     dbclean exits 0 on success, and > 0 if an error occurs.


     /var/dcc      is the DCC home directory containing data and control
     dcc_db        is the main file containing mail checksums.
     dcc_db.hash   mail checksum database hash table.
     grey_db       is the database of greylist checksums.
     grey_db.hash  is the greylist database hash table.
     dcc_db-new, dcc_db-new.hash, grey_db-new, grey_db-new.hash
                   new database and hash files until they are renamed.
     dcc_db-old, grey_db-old
                   previous database files.
     ids           list of IDs and passwords, as described in dccd(8).
     whitelist     contains the DCC server whitelist in the format described
                   in dcc(8).
                   contains the greylist server whitelist.


     cdcc(8), cron(8), dcc(8), dccd(8), dblist(8), dccifd(8), dccm(8),


     Implementation of dbclean was started at Rhyolite Software in 2000.  This
     describes version 1.2.74.