Provided by: debootstrap_0.3.3.0ubuntu2_all bug


       debootstrap - Bootstrap a basic Debian system


       debootstrap [OPTION...]  SUITE TARGET [MIRROR [SCRIPT]]

       debootstrap [OPTION...]  --second-stage


       debootstrap bootstraps a basic Debian system of SUITE (eg, sarge, etch,
       sid) into TARGET from MIRROR by  running  SCRIPT.   MIRROR  can  be  an
       http://  URL  or a file:/// URL. Notice that file:/ URLs are translated
       to  file:///  (correct  scheme  as  described  in  RFC1738  for   local
       filenames), and file:// will not work.

       Debootstrap  can be used to install Debian in a system without using an
       installation disk but can also be used to run a different Debian flavor
       in  a  chroot  environment.  This  way  you can create a full (minimal)
       Debian installation which can be used for  testing  purposes  (see  the
       EXAMPLES  section).   If  you  are looking for a chroot system to build
       packages please take a look at pbuilder.


       --arch ARCH
              Set the target architecture (use if dpkg isn’t  installed).  See
              also --foreign.

              Comma separated list of packages which will be added to download
              and extract lists. Don’t  forget  to  resolve  the  dependencies
              manually, otherwise the installation may fail.

              Comma  separated  list  of  packages  which will be removed from
              download and extract lists. WARNING: you can and  probably  will
              exclude essential packages, be careful using this option.

              By  default,  debootstrap  will attempt to automatically resolve
              any missing dependencies, warning if any are  found.  Note  that
              this  is  not a complete dependency resolve in the sense of dpkg
              or apt, and that it is far better to  specify  the  entire  base
              system  than  rely  on  this  option. With this option set, this
              behaviour is disabled.

              Name of the bootstrap script variant  to  use.   Currently,  the
              variant supported are buildd, which installs the build-essential
              packages into TARGET and fakechroot, which installs the packages
              without  root  privileges.   The  default,  with  no --variant=X
              argument, is to create a base Debian installation in TARGET.

              Produce more info about downloading.

              Print the packages to be installed, and exit. Note that a TARGET
              directory must be specified so debootstrap can download Packages
              files to determine which packages should be  installed,  and  to
              resolve  dependencies.  The  TARGET  directory  will  be deleted
              unless --keep-debootstrap-dir is specified.

              Download packages, but don’t perform installation

              Do the initial unpack phase of bootstrapping only,  for  example
              if the target architecture does not match the host architecture.
              A copy of debootstrap sufficient for  completing  the  bootstrap
              process  will  be  installed  as  /deboostrap/debootstrap in the
              target filesystem.

              Complete  the  bootstrapping  process.   Other   arguments   are
              generally not needed.

              Don’t  delete  the  /debootstrap  directory  in the target after
              completing the installation.

       --unpack-tarball FILE
              Acquire .debs from tarball FILE instead of downloading via http

              Used for internal purposes by boot-floppies

              Used for internal purposes by the debian-installer


       To setup a sarge system:

       # debootstrap sarge ./sarge-chroot

       # debootstrap sarge ./sarge-chroot file:///PATH_TO_LOCAL_MIRROR/debian

       Full  process  to  create  a  complete  Debian  installation   of   sid

            main # cd / ; mkdir /sid-root
            main # debootstrap sid /sid-root
            [ ... watch it download the whole system ]
            main # echo "proc /sid-root/proc proc none 0 0" >> /etc/fstab
            main # mount proc /sid-root/proc -t proc
            main # cp /etc/hosts /sid-root/etc/hosts
            main # chroot /sid-root /bin/bash
            chroot # dselect
            [ you may use aptitude, install mc and vim ... ]
             main # echo "8:23:respawn:/usr/sbin/chroot /sid-root " \
                    "/sbin/getty 38400 tty8"  >> /etc/inittab
            [ define a login tty that will use this system ]
             main # init q
            [ reload init ]

       Note that you will generally need a recent version of debootstrap to do
       this; the version currently  in  stable  will  generally  have  stopped
       working due to changes to unstable shortly after the last release.


       debootstrap  was  written  by  Anthony  Towns  <>.   This
       manpage was written by Matt Kraai <>.