Provided by: debootstrap_0.3.3.0ubuntu2_all
debootstrap - Bootstrap a basic Debian system
debootstrap [OPTION...] SUITE TARGET [MIRROR [SCRIPT]]
debootstrap [OPTION...] --second-stage
debootstrap bootstraps a basic Debian system of SUITE (eg, sarge, etch,
sid) into TARGET from MIRROR by running SCRIPT. MIRROR can be an
http:// URL or a file:/// URL. Notice that file:/ URLs are translated
to file:/// (correct scheme as described in RFC1738 for local
filenames), and file:// will not work.
Debootstrap can be used to install Debian in a system without using an
installation disk but can also be used to run a different Debian flavor
in a chroot environment. This way you can create a full (minimal)
Debian installation which can be used for testing purposes (see the
EXAMPLES section). If you are looking for a chroot system to build
packages please take a look at pbuilder.
Set the target architecture (use if dpkg isn’t installed). See
Comma separated list of packages which will be added to download
and extract lists. Don’t forget to resolve the dependencies
manually, otherwise the installation may fail.
Comma separated list of packages which will be removed from
download and extract lists. WARNING: you can and probably will
exclude essential packages, be careful using this option.
By default, debootstrap will attempt to automatically resolve
any missing dependencies, warning if any are found. Note that
this is not a complete dependency resolve in the sense of dpkg
or apt, and that it is far better to specify the entire base
system than rely on this option. With this option set, this
behaviour is disabled.
Name of the bootstrap script variant to use. Currently, the
variant supported are buildd, which installs the build-essential
packages into TARGET and fakechroot, which installs the packages
without root privileges. The default, with no --variant=X
argument, is to create a base Debian installation in TARGET.
Produce more info about downloading.
Print the packages to be installed, and exit. Note that a TARGET
directory must be specified so debootstrap can download Packages
files to determine which packages should be installed, and to
resolve dependencies. The TARGET directory will be deleted
unless --keep-debootstrap-dir is specified.
Download packages, but don’t perform installation
Do the initial unpack phase of bootstrapping only, for example
if the target architecture does not match the host architecture.
A copy of debootstrap sufficient for completing the bootstrap
process will be installed as /deboostrap/debootstrap in the
Complete the bootstrapping process. Other arguments are
generally not needed.
Don’t delete the /debootstrap directory in the target after
completing the installation.
Acquire .debs from tarball FILE instead of downloading via http
Used for internal purposes by boot-floppies
Used for internal purposes by the debian-installer
To setup a sarge system:
# debootstrap sarge ./sarge-chroot http://ftp.debian.org/debian
# debootstrap sarge ./sarge-chroot file:///PATH_TO_LOCAL_MIRROR/debian
Full process to create a complete Debian installation of sid
main # cd / ; mkdir /sid-root
main # debootstrap sid /sid-root http://ftp.debian.org/debian/
[ ... watch it download the whole system ]
main # echo "proc /sid-root/proc proc none 0 0" >> /etc/fstab
main # mount proc /sid-root/proc -t proc
main # cp /etc/hosts /sid-root/etc/hosts
main # chroot /sid-root /bin/bash
chroot # dselect
[ you may use aptitude, install mc and vim ... ]
main # echo "8:23:respawn:/usr/sbin/chroot /sid-root " \
"/sbin/getty 38400 tty8" >> /etc/inittab
[ define a login tty that will use this system ]
main # init q
[ reload init ]
Note that you will generally need a recent version of debootstrap to do
this; the version currently in stable will generally have stopped
working due to changes to unstable shortly after the last release.
debootstrap was written by Anthony Towns <email@example.com>. This
manpage was written by Matt Kraai <firstname.lastname@example.org>.