Provided by: dhcping_1.2-2_i386 bug

NAME

       dhcping - send a DHCP request to DHCP server to see if it’s up and
       running

SYNOPSIS

       dhcping [-v] [-q] [-i] [-r] -t maxwait -c client-IP-address -s server-
       IP-address -h client-hardware-address [-g gateway-IP-address]

DESCRIPTION

       This command allows the system administrator to check if a remote DHCP
       server is still functioning.

       Options are:

       -v   Verbose, print some information.

       -i   Use DHCPINFORM packets.

       -r   Use DHCPREQUEST packets (default behaviour).

       -q   Quiet, print nothing on the screen.

       -t maxwait
            Maximum time to wait for an answer from the server in seconds.
            Default is 3 seconds.

       -c client-IP-address
            Request this IP address. Note that this is also the IP address the
            answer will be sent to.

       -s server-IP-address
            Send the DHCP packet to this IP address.

       -h client-hardware-address
            Use this hardware-address in the DHCP request. It can be up to
            sixteen octets seperated by colons (i.e. 01:02:03:04)

       -g gateway-IP-address
            Use this IP address for the gateway IP address in the DHCP packet.
            This option is currently broken.

RETURN VALUES

       If everything goes okay, it returns 0. If there went something wrong,
       it returns 1.

SETUP

       This program should be installed setuid root or ran by root only.  See
       SECURITY for more information.

       On your DHCP server, add these lines to the dhcpd.conf:

         host <your monitoring host FQDN> {
            hardware ethernet <your monitor host mac address>;
            fixed-address     <your monitoring host IP address>;
         }

       Then try it:

       $ dhcping -c your monitoring host IP address \
                 -s your DHCP server IP address \
                 -h your monitor host mac address

       It will either respond with "no answer" or "Got answer from: your DHCP
       server IP address"

       The DHCP server logfile will give:
        DHCPREQUEST for 192.168.1.1 from 00:20:18:56:29:8f via ed0
        DHCPACK on 192.168.1.1 to 00:20:18:56:29:8f via ed0
        DHCPRELEASE of 192.168.1.1 from 00:20:18:56:29:8f via ed0 (found)

       Running in DHCPINFORM mode with -i:

       If you see "DHCPINFORM from 192.168.1.1 via xl0: not authoritative for
       subnet 192.168.1.0", you should add the authoritative statement to the
       subnet, See dhcpd.conf(5) for details.

       When running in very verbose mode, dhcping tries to dump all data of
       the send and received DHCP packets. It will first dump the packet in
       hex-format, then decodes the header and finally the options.

HOW IT WORKS

       The client either sends a DHCPREQUEST or DHCPINFORM packet to the
       server and waits for an answer. Then, if a DHCPREQUEST was send, it
       will send a DHCPRELEASE back to the server.

SECURITY

       This program is installed setuid root as it requires the privileges to
       bind itself to port 68 (bootpc). Root privileges are dropped as soon as
       the program has bound itself to that port.

BUGS

       Currently (this may, or may not, change in the future) the ISC DHCP
       daemon does not write leases with a fixed IP address in the
       dhcpd.leases file.

       DHCPINFORM packets can only be used on subnets the server is authori-
       tative for. If the monitoring script runs on a subnet the server isn’t
       authoritative for, it should use the DHCPREQUEST packets. I also
       experienced some problems with ISC DHCPD v2 servers, but that is also
       in the README of it.

       The -V option is still working, but shouldn’t be used for debugging of
       the packets. Better use dhcpdump(8) for that, which is available on my
       website. I wanted to remove it, but decided only to do it from the
       documentation, not from the code. Maybe I’ll need it one day for
       debugging.

AUTHOR

       Edwin Groothuis, edwin@mavetju.org (http://www.mavetju.org)

SEE ALSO

       dhcpd(8), dhclient(8), dhcpd.conf(5), dhcpdump(8)