Provided by: ntfsprogs_1.12.1-1_i386 bug


       mkntfs - create an NTFS 1.2 (Windows NT/2000/XP) file system


       mkntfs  [  -s  sector-size  ]  [ -p part-start-sect ] [ -H heads ] [ -S
       sectors-per-track ] [ -c cluster-size ] [ -L volume-label ] [  -z  mft-
       zone-multiplier  ] [ -f | -Q ] [ -n ] [ -q ] [ -v ] [ -vv ] [ -C ] [ -F
       ] [ -T ] [ -I ] [ -V ] [ -l ] [ -h ] device [ number-of-sectors ]


       mkntfs is used to create an NTFS 1.2 (Windows NT 4.0) file system on  a
       device  (usually  a  disk  partition).   device  is  the  special  file
       corresponding to the device (e.g /dev/hdXX).  number-of-sectors is  the
       number  of  blocks  on  the  device.   If omitted, mkntfs automagically
       figures the file system size.


       -s sector-size
              Specify the size of sectors in bytes. Valid sector  size  values
              are  256, 512, 1024, 2048 and 4096 bytes per sector. If omitted,
              mkntfs attempts to determine the sector-size  automatically  and
              if that fails a default of 512 bytes per sector is used.

       -p part-start-sect
              Specify  the  partition  start sector. The maximum is 4294967295
              (2^32-1). If omitted, mkntfs attempts to  determine  part-start-
              sect  automatically  and  if  that fails a default of 0 is used.
              Note that part-start-sect is required for Windows to be able  to
              boot from the created volume.

       -H heads
              Specify  the  number of heads. The maximum is 65535 (0xffff). If
              omitted, mkntfs  attempts  to  determine  the  number  of  heads
              automatically  and  if  that  fails a default of 0 is used. Note
              that heads is required for Windows to be able to boot  from  the
              created volume.

       -S sectors-per-track
              Specify  the  number  of sectors per track. The maximum is 65535
              (0xffff). If omitted, mkntfs attempts to determine the number of
              sectors-per-track automatically and if that fails a default of 0
              is used. Note that sectors-per-track is required for Windows  to
              be able to boot from the created volume.

       -c cluster-size
              Specify the size of clusters in bytes. Valid cluster size values
              are powers of two, with at least 256, and at  most  65536  bytes
              per cluster. If omitted, mkntfs determines the cluster-size from
              the volume size. The value is determined as follows:

              Volume   size      Default cluster size
              0        - 512MB              512 bytes
              512MB    - 1GB               1024 bytes
              1GB      - 2GB               2048 bytes
              2GB      +                   4096 bytes

              Note that the default cluster size is set to be at  least  equal
              to the sector size as a cluster cannot be smaller than a sector.
              Also, note that values greater than 4096 have  the  side  effect
              that  compression  is disabled on the volume (due to limitations
              in the NTFS compression algorithm currently in use by  Windows).

       -L volume-label
              Set the volume label for the filesystem.

       -z mft-zone-multiplier
              Set  the  MFT  zone multiplier, which determines the size of the
              MFT zone to use on the volume. The MFT zone is the area  at  the
              beginning  of  the  volume  reserved  for  the master file table
              (MFT), which stores the on disk inodes  (MFT  records).   It  is
              noteworthy  that  small  files  are  stored  entirely within the
              inode; thus, if you expect to use the volume for  storing  large
              numbers  of  very  small  files,  it  is  useful to set the zone
              multiplier to a higher value. Note, that the MFT zone is resized
              on  the  fly as required during operation of the NTFS driver but
              choosing a good value will reduce  fragmentation.  Valid  values
              are 1, 2, 3 and 4. The values have the following meaning:

              MFT zone     MFT zone size
              multiplier   (% of volume size)
                  1        12.5% (default)
                  2        25.0%
                  3        37.5%
                  4        50.0%

       -f     Same as -Q.

       -Q     Perform  quick format. This will skip both zeroing of the volume
              and bad sector checking.

       -n     Causes mkntfs to not actually create a filesystem,  but  display
              what it would do if it were to create a filesystem. All steps of
              the format are carried out except  the  actual  writing  to  the

       -q     Quiet execution; only errors are written to stderr, no output to
              stdout occurs at all. Useful if mkntfs is run in a script.

       -v     Verbose execution.

       -vv    Really verbose execution; includes the verbose output  from  the
              -v  option  as  well  as  additional output useful for debugging

       -C     Enable compression on the volume.

       -F     Force mkntfs to run, even if the specified device is not a block
              special device, or appears to be mounted.

       -T     Fake  the  time  to  be 00:00:00 UTC, Jan 1, 1970 instead of the
              current system time.  This is only really useful  for  debugging

       -I     Disable content indexing on the volume. (This is only meaningful
              on Windows 2000 and later. Windows NT  4.0  and  earlier  ignore
              this as they do not implement content indexing at all.)

       -V     Print the version number of mkntfs and exit.

       -l     Print the licensing information of mkntfs and exit.

       -h     Print the usage information of mkntfs and exit.


       mkntfs  writes  the  backup boot sector to the last sector of the block
       device being formatted. However, current versions of the  Linux  kernel
       (all  versions up to and including todays 2.4.18) either only report an
       even number of sectors when the sector size is below 1024 bytes,  which
       is  the case for most hard drives today (512 bytes sector size) or they
       return the correct number but accessing the last sector  fails.  Either
       way,  this  means  that  when a partition has an odd number of 512-byte
       sectors, the last sector is either not reported to us at all or  it  is
       not  writable  by us and hence the created NTFS volume will either have
       the backup boot sector placed one sector ahead of where it should be or
       it  cannot  be  written  at all. For this reason, mkntfs marks the NTFS
       volume dirty, so that when you reboot into  Windows,  check  disk  runs
       automatically  and  creates  a  copy  of  the backup boot sector in the
       correct location. This also has the benefit of  catching  any  bugs  in
       mkntfs as check disk would find any corrupt structures and repair them,
       as well as report them. - If you do see any problems  reported,  please
       report the messages to the author.
       There may be other bugs. Please, report them to the author.


       This   version  of  mkntfs  has  been  written  by  Anton  Altaparmakov
       <> (if that fails, use <>).


       mkntfs  is  part of the ntfsprogs package and is available for download
       from   in
       source  (tar  ball  and rpm) and pre-compiled binary (i386 rpm and deb)


       badblocks(8), ntfsprogs(8)