Provided by: mondo_2.06-1_i386 bug


       mondoarchive - a backup / disaster-recovery tool.


       mondoarchive -O [ options ] : backup your PC
       mondoarchive -V [ options ] : verify your backup


       mondoarchive  backs  up a subset of your files, your entire filesystem,
       or even images of non-Linux filesystems to CD’s, tape, ISO images or an
       NFS  mount. In the event of catastrophic data loss, you will be able to
       restore everything, taking a PC from bare metal to its  original  state
       if necessary.

       With  -O,  it  backs  up your filesystem to CD, tape, ISO images or NFS
       share. Boot floppies or a special boot CD will be created to allow  you
       to restore from bare metal if necessary.

       With  -V,  it  verifies  the  backup  against the live filesystem. This
       option may be used in combination with -O to verify a backup after  its
       creation, or on its own to see how much the live filesystem has changed
       since the backup was made.

       Call mondoarchive without flags to make it auto-detect as many settings
       as  possible, ask you politely for the rest, and then backup and verify
       your OS or a subset thereof.

       To restore data, either run mondorestore from the command line or  boot
       from the emergency CD/floppies generated during the backup process. The
       latter will come in handy if a gremlin wipes your hard disk.


       You must specify one of the following:-

       -c speed     Use CD-R drive as backup device and its (write-once) disks
                    as backup media.

       -w speed     Use  CD-RW  drive as backup device and its (write/rewrite)
                    disks as backup  media.   Mondo  will  wipe  media  before
                    writing to them.

       -r           Use  DVD  drive  as  backup device and its disks as backup
                    media. Growisofs decides on the best speed for your drive.
                    Note  that calling mondoarchive using sudo when writing to
                    DVDs will fail because growisofs does not support  this  -
                    see the growisofs manpage for details.

       -C speed     Use  CD-R  drive as a streaming device, almost like a tape
                    streamer.  Use   write-once   disks   as   backup   media.

       -p prefix    Use  prefix  to  generate the name of your ISO images.  By
                    default,  mondoarchive  calls  images   mondorescue-1.iso,
                    mondorescue-2.iso, ...  Using -p machine it will call your
                    images machine-1.iso, machine-2.iso, ...

       -i           Use ISO files (CD images) as backup media.  This  is  good
                    for  backing  up your system to a spare hard drive. The -n
                    switch is a wiser choice if you plan  to  restore  from  a
                    remote filesystem.

       -n mount     Use  files  residing  on  NFS  partition  as backup media.
                    mount     is     the     remote     mount-point,      e.g.
                    ’’  for  my file server. Please mount
                    it before backing up/verifying.

       -t           Use tape streamer as backup device and its tapes as backup

       -u           Use  a generic streaming device as backup device. Use this
                    if you want to write your backup to a device that  is  not
                    directly  support by mondoarchive. This will send the data
                    directly to a raw device.  For experienced users only.


       -D           Make a differential backup:  examine  the  filesystem  and
                    find  which  files have changed since the last full backup
                    was carried out. Backup only those files.

       -E path ...
                    Exclude path(s) from backup. The paths should be separated
                    with a whitespace.  Note that mondo automatically excludes
                    removable  media  (/mnt/floppy,  /mnt/cdrom,  etc.).   For
                    example,  if you are backing up to an NFS mount but you do
                    not want to include the contents of the mount in a backup,
                    exclude  your  local mount-point with this switch. It will
                    also work with partitions, e.g.  /dev/sdd4 if you  have  a
                    peculiar SCSI zip drive which insists on showing up in the
                    mountlist. NB: If you  exclude  /dev/sdd4  then  the  /dev
                    entry  itself  will  still  be  backed up, even though the
                    mountlist entry will be suppressed.

       -I path ...
                    Include paths(s) in backup. The default backup path is “/”
                    but  you may specify alternatives, e.g. -I “/home /etc” to
                    override that.

       -J file      Specify an explicit list of files  and  directories  in  a
                    plain text file, one item (file or directory) per line.

       -N           Exclude  all  mounted  network filesystems. This currently
                    means NFS, SMB, Coda and Netware.  In  other  words,  only
                    backup the local hard disk(s).

       -d dev|dir   Specify   the   backup   device   (CD/tape)  or  directory
                    (NFS/ISO). For CD-R[W] drives, this is the SCSI node where
                    the drive may be found, e.g. ’0,1,0’. For tape users, this
                    is the tape streamers /dev entry, e.g. ’/dev/st0’. For ISO
                    users,  this  is  the  directory  where the ISO images are
                    stored. For NFS users, this is the  directory  within  the
                    NFS  mount  where  the backups are stored. The default for
                    ISO and NFS is ’/root/images/mondo’.

       -g           GUI mode.  Without  this  switch,  the  screen  output  of
                    mondoarchive  is  suitable  for  processing by an ’expect’
                    wrapper, enabling the user to backup nightly  via  a  cron
                    job.  However,  if  you  want  to run this program with an
                    attractive but non-cron-friendly interface then use  ’-g’.

       -k path      Path  of user’s kernel. If you are a Debian or Gentoo user
                    then specify -k FAILSAFE as your  kernel.  Otherwise,  you
                    will rarely need this option.

       -m           Manual  (not  self-retracting) CD trays are often found on
                    laptops. If you are a laptop  user,  your  CD  burner  has
                    BurnProof technology or you experience problems with mondo
                    then please call mondoarchive with this switch.

       -o           Use LILO as boot  loader  of  boot  floppy/CD  instead  of
                    SYSLINUX/ISOLINUX.   By  default,  SYSLINUX  is  used  for
                    floppies and ISOLINUX for CD’s. Use LILO if you prefer  to
                    use  that boot loader. NB: This does not affect which boot
                    loader you use to boot your PC,  merely  the  boot  loader
                    used  by  the  CD’s/floppies  created  by Mondo. Use ELILO
                    instead which is mandatory for IA64 machines.

       -s size      How much can each of your backup media hold? You  may  use
                    ’m’  and  ’g’ on the end of the number, e.g. ’700m’ for an
                    extra-large CD-R. You no longer need to specify  the  size
                    of your cartridges if you are backing up to tape.

       -x dev ... Specify  non-Linux  partitions  which  you want to backup,
                    e.g. NTFS or BeOS.


       -[0-9]       Specify  the  compression  level.   Default   is   3.   No
                    compression is 0.

       -A command   This  command will be called after each CD/NFS/ISO file is
                    written. It is useful if you want to do something with  an
                    ISO  after creating it, e.g. write it to a CD burner using
                    a non-standard command.  -A understands two tokens - _ISO_
                    and  _CD#_  -  which  will  be  translated  into the ISO’s
                    filename and its index number (1,  2,  ...)  respectively.
                    So,  you  could  use  -A foobackup _ISO_; rm -f _ISO_ to
                    feed each ISO to some magical new backup tool.

       -B command   This command will be called before each CD/NFS/ISO file is
                    written. See -A for more information.

       -F           Do  not  offer  to  write  boot+data floppy disk images to
                    3.5-inch  floppy  disks.   The  images  will   remain   in
                    /root/images/mindi until your next backup run, however.

       -H           When  you  boot  from the tape/CD, your hard drive will be
                    wiped and the archives will be restored. Your decision  to
                    boot from the tape/CD will be taken as consent. No further
                    permission will be sought.  Use with caution.

       -L           Use lzo, a fast compression engine, instead of bzip2.  You
                    may find lzo on Mondo’s website or via FreshMeat. WARNING!
                    Some versions of LZO are unstable.

       -R           EXPERIMENTAL. Do not use in mission-critical environments.
                    Star  is  an alternative to afio. Mondo now supports POSIX
                    ACLs  and  extended  attributes,  so  -R  is   essentially
                    redundant for now.

       -P tarball   Post-nuke   tarball.  If  you  boot  into  Nuke  Mode  and
                    everything is restored  successfully  then  the  post-nuke
                    script  will  be  sought  and  executed  if found. This is
                    useful for post-restore customization. It is assumed  that
                    the  tarball  (.tar.gz  format)  will contain not just the
                    post-nuke script (or binary, or whatever it is)  but  also
                    any files it requires.

       -S path      Specify the scratchdir, the directory where ISO images are
                    built before being archived. If you have plenty of RAM and
                    want  to use a ramdisk for scratch space, specify its path

       -T path      Specify the tempdir, the directory where  temporary  files
                    (other than ISO images being assembled) are stored. See -S

       -W           Don’t make your backup self-booting. This is a really  bad
                    idea, IMO. Don’t do this unless you have really great boot
                    disks in your hand and you are an anally retentive SOB who
                    can’t  wait  2 minutes for Mindi to run in the background.
                    If you use -W then you’d better know what the hell  you’re
                    doing, okay?

       -b           Specify  the  internal  block size used by the tape drive.
                    This is usually 32K but some drives just don’t like  that.
                    They  should but they don’t. That’s what happens when tape
                    drive vendors don’t talk to kernel driver writers. Try 512
                    or 16384.

       -e           Don’t eject the CD or tape when backing up or restoring...
                    unless cdrecord insists on it. If it  does,  well,  tough.
                    Sorry. :)

       -f device    Specify  the drive on which your Master Boot Record lives.
                    Usually, this is discovered automatically.

                    Specify the boot loader.  By  default,  your  Master  Boot
                    Record  is  examined  and  the  boot loader can usually be
                    discovered. If you specify RAW then the MBR will be backed
                    up  and restored byte-for-byte without any analysis. It is
                    likely that you will also need to specify the boot  device
                    with -f <dev>. ELILO is mandatory for IA64 machines.

       -Q           Give more detailed information about the boot loader.

       -K loglevel  Specify the loglevel.


       Mondo   generates   two  additional,  and  Extremely  important  files:
       /var/log/mindi.log  and   /var/log/mondo-archive.log.    When   seeking
       technical support, attach these two files to your email.


       /var/log/mindi.log  This log contains important information required to
       analyse mindi problem reports.

       /var/log/mondo-archive.log  This  log  contains  important  information
       required  to analyse mondoarchive problem reports. Mondo support highly
       recommends sending these files with support questions.


       A link to Mondo’s HTML-based manual (by Mikael Hultgren, Cafeole, Randy
       Delphs,     Stan     Benoit,     and    me)    may    be    found    at - or in /usr/share/doc/mondo-
       x.xx  on  your  hard  drive.   A  link  to test results can be found at


       It is recommend that your system has more than 64 MB ram.  SCSI  device
       order  change  with nuke can have unexpected results. It is recommended
       you use expert mode with drastic hardware reconfigurations.


       ISO: Backup to a directory;  note  that  /mnt/foo’s  contents  will  be
       backed up except for its ISO’s unless you exclude it, as follows:-
       mondoarchive -Oi -d /mnt/foo -E /mnt/foo

       Backup   to   ISO’s   non-interactively,  e.g.  as  a  job  running  in
       mkdir -p /bkp/date +%A; mondoarchive -Oi -9  -d  /bkp/date  +%A  -E

       DVD: Backup PC using DVD Media:
       mondoarchive -OVr 2 -d /dev/scd0 -gF -s 4200m

       TAPE:  Backup  to  tape,  using  lzo  compression  (WARNING  -  can  be
       mondoarchive -Ot -d /dev/st0 -L

       Verify existing tape backup which was made with lzo compression:-
       mondoarchive -Vt -d /dev/st0 -L -g

       Backup to tape, using max compression:
       mondoarchive -Ot -9 -d /dev/st0

       CD-R: Backup to 700MB CD-R disks using a 16x CD burner:
       mondoarchive -Oc 16 -s 700m -g

       Verify existing CD-R or CD-RW backup (works for either):-
       mondoarchive -Vc 16

       CD-RW: Backup to 650MB CD-RW disks using a 4x CD ReWriter:
       mondoarchive -Ow 4

       Backup just your /home and /etc directory to 650MB CD-RW disks using  a
       4x CD ReWriter:
       mondoarchive -Ow 4 -I /home /etc

       NFS: Backup to an NFS mount:
       mondoarchive -On -d /Monday -E /mnt/nfs

       Verify existing NFS backup:-
       mondoarchive -Vn -d /Monday

       RAID: Backup PC to a Software Raid mount point, iso size 700mb:
       mondoarchive -O -s 700m -d /mnt/raid


       afio(1), bzip2(1), find(1), mindi(8), mondorestore(8).


       Hugo Rabson (original creator and author)
       Bruno Cornec (maintainer, RPM packager)
       Andree Leidenfrost (Debian packager)
       Jesse Keating (original RPM packager)
       Stan Benoit (testing)
       Mikael Hultgren (docs)
       See mailing list at for technical support.