Provided by: nsd_2.3.3-1_i386 bug


     nsd - Name Server Daemon (NSD) version 2.3.3.


     nsd [-4] [-6] [-a ip-address] [-d] [-f database] [-h] [-i identity]
         [-l logfile] [-N server-count] [-n concurrent-tcp-count] [-P pidfile]
         [-p port] [-s secondss] [-t chrootdir] [-u username] [-v] [-X plugin]


     NSD is a complete implementation of an authoritative DNS nameserver. Upon
     startup NSD will read the database specified with -f database argument
     and put itself into background and answers queries on port 53 or a
     different port specified with -p port option.  The database must be
     generated beforehand with zonec (8).  By default NSD will bind to all
     local interfaces available. Use the -a ip-address option to specify a
     single particular interface address to be bound. If this option is given
     more than once, NSD will bind its UDP and TCP sockets to all the
     specified ip-addresses separately.  If IPv6 is enabled when NSD is
     compiled an IPv6 address can also be specified.

     Normally NSD should be started with nsdc(8) start command invoked from a
     /etc/init.d/nsd script or similar at the operating system startup.

     The available options are:

     -4      Only listen to IPv4 connections.

     -6      Only listen to IPv6 connections.

     -a ip-address
             Listen to the specified ip-address.  The ip-address must be
             specified in numeric format (using the standard IPv4 or IPv6
             notation).  This flag can be specified multiple times to listen
             to multiple IP addresses.  If this flag is not specified NSD
             listens to all IP addresses.

     -d      Turn on debugging mode, do not fork, stay in the foreground.

     -f database
             Use the specified database instead of the default of

     -h      Print help information and exit.

     -i identity
             Return the specified identity when asked for CH TXT ID.SERVER
             (This option is used to determine which server is answering the
             queries when they are multicast) The default is the name returned
             by gethostname(3).

     -l logfile
             Log messages to the specified logfile.  The default is to log to
             stderr and syslog.

     -N count
             Start count NSD servers.  Starting more than a single server is
             only useful on machines with multiple CPUs and/or network
             adapters.  The default is 1.

     -n number
             The maximum number of concurrent TCP connection that can be
             handled by each server.  The default is 10.

     -P pidfile
             Use the specified pidfile instead of the platform specific
             default, which is mostly /var/run/

     -p port
             Answer the queries on the specified port.  Normally this is port

     -s seconds
             Produce statistics dump every seconds seconds.  This is equal to
             sending SIGUSR1 to the daemon periodically.

     -t chroot
             specifies a directory to chroot to upon startup. This option
             requires you to ensure that appropriate syslogd(8) socket (e.g.
             chrootdir /dev/log) is available otherwise NSD won’t produce any
             log output.

     -u username
             Drop user and group privileges to those of username after binding
             the socket.  The username must one of: username, id, or id.gid.
             For example: nsd, 80, or 80.80.

     -v      Print the version number of NSD to standard error and exit.

     -X plugin
             Load a plugin.  The plugin argument must be of the form filename,
             or filename=argument.  The filename must specify an NSD plugin
             compiled as a shared object (.so) file.  If the filename is not
             absolute the shared object is searched for in the standard
             locations using dlopen(3).  If an argument is specified it is
             passed directly to the initialization function of the plugin.

     NSD reacts to the following signals:

             Stop answering queries, shutdown, and exit normally.

     SIGHUP  Reload the database.

             Dump BIND8-style statistics into the log. Ignored otherwise.


             default NSD database

             the process id of the name server.


     NSD will log all the problems via the standard syslog(8) daemon facility,
     unless the -d option is specified.


     nsd-notify(8), nsd-xfer(8), nsdc(8), zonec(8)


     NSD was written by NLnet Labs and RIPE NCC joint team. Please see the
     CREDITS file in the distribution for further details.


     NSD will answer the queries erroneously if the database was not properly
     compiled with zonec(8).  Therefore problems with misconfigured master
     zone files or zonec(8) bugs may not be visible until the queries are
     actually answered with NSD.