Provided by: libpam-mount_0.12.0-1ubuntu1_i386 bug


       pam_mount - A PAM module that can mount volumes for a user session


       This  module is aimed at environments with SMB (Samba or Windows NT) or
       NCP (Netware or Mars-NWE)  servers  that  Unix  users  wish  to  access
       transparently.  It facilitates access to private volumes of these types
       well.   The  module  also  supports  mounting  home  directories  using
       loopback  encrypted filesystems.  The module was originally written for
       use on the GNU/Linux operating system but has since  been  modified  to
       work on several flavors of BSD.

        o Every user can access his own volumes

        o The user needs to type the password just once (at login)

        o The mounting process is transparent to the users

        o There is no need to keep the login passwords in any additional file

        o The volumes are unmounted upon logout, so it saves system resources,
        avoiding the need of listing every every possibly useful remote
        volume in /etc/fstab or in an automount/supermount config file. This
        is also necessary for securing encrypted filesystems.

       Pam_mount "understands" SMB, NCP, and any type of filesystem  that  can
       be  mounted  using  the  standard  mount  command.   If  someone  has a
       particular need for a different filesystem, feel  free  to  ask  me  to
       include it and send me patches.

       If  you  intend  to  use  pam_mount to protect volumes on your computer
       using an encrypted filesystem system, please know that there  are  many
       other  issues  you need to consider in order to protect your data.  For
       example, you probably want to disable or encrypt  your  swap  partition

       cryptoswap  can  help  you  do  this).  Don’t assume a system is secure
       without carefully considering potential threats.


       The  primary  configuration  file   for   the   pam_mount   module   is
       pam_mount.conf.    On   most   platforms   this   file   is  read  from
       /etc/security/pam_mount.conf.    On   OpenBSD   pam_mount   reads   its
       configuration  file  from /etc/pam_mount.conf.  Pam_mount.conf contains
       many comments documenting its use.

       In addition, you must include two entries in  the  system’s  applicable
       /etc/pam.d/SERVICE config files, as the following example shows:

                  auth     required
                  auth     required shadow nullok
                  auth     required
              +++ auth     optional use_first_pass
                  account  required
                  password required
                  password required shadow nullok use_authtok
                  session  required
                  session  optional
              +++ session  optional

       If  you use pam_ldap, pam_winbind, or any other authentication services
       that make use of PAM’s sufficient keyword then model your configuration
       on the following:

              account sufficient
              auth    required
              auth    sufficient use_first_pass
              auth    required use_first_pass
              session optional

       This allows the following:

        1.  Pam_mount  will  prompt  for  a  password and export it to the PAM

        2. Pam_ldap will use the password from the PAM system to try and
        authenticate the user. If this succedes, the user will be
        authenticated. If it fails, pam_unix will try to authenticate.

        3. Pam_unix will try to authenticate the user if pam_ldap fails. If
        pam_unix fails, then the authentication will be refused.

       If your volume has a different password than your system account,  then
       encrypt  the  password to the volume you wish mounted using your system
       password as the key and store  it  somewhere  on  your  system’s  local
       filesystem.    Pam_mount   supports   transparently   decrypting   this
       filesystem key, as long as the cipher used  is  supported  by  openssl.

       sk     system key, the key or password used to log into the system

       fsk    filesystem  key,  the  key that allows you to use the filesystem
              you wish pam_mount to mount for you

       E and D
              an openssl supported synchronous encryption/decryption algorithm

       efsk   encrypted filesystem key, efsk = E_sk (fsk), stored somewhere on
              the local filesystem (ie: /home/user.key)

       Pam_mount will read efsk from the local filesystem, perform fsk =  D_sk
       (efsk)  and use fsk to mount the filesystem.  If you change your system
       password, simply regenerate efsk using efsk = E_sk (fsk).  If you  want
       to  mount  this  volume  by  hand,  use  something  like openssl enc -d
       -aes-256-ecb  -in  /home/user.key  |  mount   -p0   /home/user.    More
       information about this technique is included in pam_mount.conf.

       A  script  named  mkehd  is  provided  with  pam_mount  to  help create
       encrypted home directories.  If you have an  entry  for  a  user  using
       encrypted   home  directories  in  pam_mount.conf,  mkehd  will  create
       necessary filesystem images and possibly encrypted filesystem keys.

       Individual users may define additional volumes to mount if  allowed  by
       pam_mount.conf  (usually ~/.pam_mount.conf).  The volume keyword is the
       only valid keyword in  these  per-user  configuration  files.   If  the
       luserconf  parameter  is  set  in pam_mount.conf, allowing user-defined
       volume, then users may mount and unmount any volume  they  own  at  any
       mount  point they own.  On some filesystem configurations this may be a
       security flaw so user-defined volumes are not allowed  by  the  example
       pam_mount.conf distributed with pam_mount.

       In  general,  you  will  leave  all  the  first (general) parameters as
       provided by default. You only have to provide the user/volume  list  in
       the end of the file, following the examples.

       To  ensure  that  your  system and, possibly, the remote server are all
       properly configured, you should try to mount all or some of the volumes
       by  hand,  using  the  same  commands  and  mount  points  provided  in
       pam_mount.conf. This will save you a lot of grief,  since  it  is  more
       difficult to debug the mounting process via pam_mount.

       If  you  can  mount  the  volumes  by  hand but it is not happening via
       pam_mount, you may want to enable the "debug" option in  pam_mount.conf
       to see what is happening.

       Verify  if the user owns the mount point and has sufficient permissions
       over that. pam_mount will verify this and  will  refuse  to  mount  the
       remote volume if the user does not own that directory.

       If  pam_mount  is  having  trouble unmounting volumes upon logging out,
       enable  the  debug  variable   and   check   the   lsof   variable   in
       pam_mount.conf.  This causes pam_mount to run lsof upon logging out and
       write lsof’s output to the system’s logs.


       W. Michael Petullo <>