Provided by: pop-before-smtp_1.36-2_all
pop-before-smtp - watch log for POP/IMAP auth, update map allowing SMTP
nohup pop-before-smtp [--config=FILE] [--[no]write] [--[no]debug] \
[--[no]flock] [--reprocess] [--watchlog=FILE] [--dbfile=FILE] \
[--logto=FILE] [--grace=SECONDS] [--daemon=PIDFILE] \
[--version] [--dumpconfig] [--list]
pop-before-smtp watches your mail log file (e.g. /var/log/maillog) for
lines written by your POP/IMAP software (e.g. UW popd/imapd) that
indicate a successful login. When found, pop-before-smtp installs an
entry for the IP in an on-disk hash (DB) that is watched by your SMTP
software (e.g. Postfix, sendmail, qmail, etc.). It then expires these
entries when 30 minutes have elapsed after the last POP/IMAP access
from that IP.
Specify the config file to read instead of
/etc/pop-before-smtp/pop-before-smtp.conf. Useful for testing a
new configuration before you install it. This option must occur
first on the command-line since it will be processed before reading
the config file, and all other options will be processed after
reading the config file.
Specify --nowrite if you don’t want the DB file to be even opened,
let alone updated. Useful for trying out pattern-matching rules,
especially when used with --debug and --reprocess. (If your
maillog is world-readable, you can even run the test as a non-
If you specify --debug, logging to stdout will be enabled, plus
extra debug messages will be generated to help you diagnose
local/remote IP distinctions. Specify --logto after this option if
you want the messages to go somewhere other than stdout. Often
combined with --reprocess.
Using --noflock will turn off the default file-locking used on the
Parse the whole maillog file, pretending that each line is
happening again. Useful for testing, especially when combined with
--debug and possibly --nowrite.
You can specify what maillog to watch for POP/IMAP events. The
default in the script is /var/log/mail.log, but the provided config
file searches for an existing log file, also checking for
/var/log/mail/info, /var/log/mail.log, /var/log/messages, or
/var/adm/messages. Run "pop-before-smtp --dumpconfig" to see the
actual value for your system.
You can specify what DB file to update. To see what the default
value is for your system, run "pop-before-smtp --dumpconfig".
Typically, the filename that is created/updated is this name with a
".db" suffix added (because the default tie function appends the
".db" onto the specified db name -- if you supply a custom tie
function, it is free to choose to do something else).
Turns on logging to the specified file (use "-" for stdout).
Set the number of seconds that an IP address is authorized after it
successfully signs in via POP or IMAP.
Output the current version of the script and exit. May be combined
with --dumpconfig and --list in the same run.
Output some config info and exit. This makes it easy to see what
things like the dbfile, logto, and watchlog values are being set to
in the config file. May be combined with --version and --list in
the same run.
List the current IPs contained in the DB file (if any) and exit.
May be combined with --version and --dumpconfig in the same run.
Become a daemon by forking, redirecting STDIN/STDOUT/STDERR to
/dev/null, calling setsid, calling chdir(’/’), and writing out the
process ID of the forked process into the specified PIDFILE.
This daemon directly requires four modules from CPAN, which are not
included in the base Perl release as of this writing. See the
quickstart guide for more information (either look at the
README.QUICKSTART file in the source or visit
You should edit the supplied pop-before-smtp-conf.pl file to customize
things for your local system, such as scanning for the right POP/IMAP
authorization, setting various options, etc. Again, the quickstart
guide cover this.
When starting up, pop-before-smtp builds an internal table of all
netblocks natively permitted by your SMTP software (for Postfix it
looks at the output of "postconf mynetworks"). This allows us to filter
out local IP addresses that are already authorized and thus need no
special help from us.
This daemon likes a couple of helpers. Several init scripts are
included with the source and a version customized for your current OS
may have been installed in the same package as the pop-before-smtp
Once pop-before-smtp has been started (and thus the database file has
been created), you’ll need to modify your MTA’s configuration to read
the IPs from the database file. This is also covered in the quickstart
DOWNLOAD, SUPPORT, etc.
See the website http://popbsmtp.sourceforge.net/ for the latest
version. See the mailing list (referenced on the website) for support.
pop-before-smtp keeps two data structures for all currently-allowed
hosts: a queue, and a hash. The queue contains [ipaddr, time] records,
while the hash contains ipaddr => time. Every time the daemon wakes up
to deal with something else from the logfile handle, it peeks a the
front of the queue, and when the timestamp of the record there has
expired (is > 30 minutes old) it tosses it, and if the timestamp in the
hash equals the timestamp in the queue, it deletes the hash entry and
the on-disk db file entry.
pop-before-smtp protects the writes to the db file by flock. As far as
I know, the consequences of a collision (corrupt read in an smtpd) are
relatively mild, and the likelihood of one is remote, but the
performance impact of the locking seems to be negligible, so it’s
enabled by default. To disable the flocking, invoke with --noflock or
set "$flock = 0" in the config file.
Pop-before-smtp was created by Bennett Todd <email@example.com>. It is
currently being maintained by Wayne Davison