Provided by: sg3-utils_1.17-2_i386 bug


       sg_logs - read SCSI device log pages


       sg_logs   [-a]  [-c=<page_control>]  [-h]  [-H]  [-l]  [-p=<page_code>]
       [-paramp=<parameter_pointer>] [-pcb] [-ppc] [-r] [-sp] [-t]  [-v]  [-V]
       [-?] <scsi_device>


       This  utility  sends  a  LOG SENSE SCSI command to the given device and
       then outputs the response. This is used in  most  cases  to  fetch  log
       pages  stored  on  the given device and known log pages are decoded and
       output in ASCII. In one case a LOG SELECT SCSI  command  is  issued  to
       reset parameters back to the device manufacturer’s default values.

       -a     outputs all the log pages supported by the device.

              accepts  0,  1,  2  or 3 as an argument. 0 for current threshold
              values, 1 for current cumulative values, 2 for default threshold
              values  and  3  for  default cumulative values. The default is 1
              (i.e. current threshold values).

       -h     suppresses decoding of known log sense pages and prints out  the
              response in hex instead.

       -H     same action as ’-h’.

       -l     lists  the  names  of  all  logs  sense  pages supported by this
              device.  See the list of common log page codes below.

              log page code to fetch. Should be a hexadecimal number between 0
              and 3f inclusive.

              parameter  pointer value (in hex) to place in command. Should be
              a number between 0 and ffff inclusive.

       -pcb   show Parameter Control Byte settings  (only  relevant  when  log
              parameters being output in ASCII).

       -ppc   sets the Parameter Pointer Control (PPC) bit. Default is 0 (i.e.

       -r     use LOG SELECT SCSI command to reset all  implemented  parameter
              values  to  be  the device defined (i.e. manufacturer’s) default
              values. In most cases the default values are zeroes. This option
              seems  to  clear  error  counter log pages but leaves pages like
              self-test results, start-stop cycle counter and temperature  log
              pages  unaffected.   This  option  may  be required to clear log
              pages if a counter reaches its maximum value since the log  page
              in  which  the  counter  is  found  will  remain  "stuck"  until
              something is done.

       -sp    sets  the  Saving  Parameters  (SP)  bit.  Default  is  0  (i.e.
              cleared).  When  set  this  instructs  the  device  to store the
              current log page parameters (as indicated  by  the  DS  and  TSD
              parameter  codes)  in  some non-volatile location. Hence the log
              parameters will be preserved across power cycles. This option is
              typically  not  needed, especially if the GLTSD flag is clear in
              the  control  mode  page  as  this  instructs  the   device   to
              periodically  save  all  saveable log parameters to non-volatile

       -t     outputs the temperature. First looks in the temperature log page
              and  if that is not available tries the Informational Exceptions
              page which may also have the current temperature (especially  in
              older disks).

       -v     verbose: show SCSI command blocks prior to execution.  ’-vv’ and
              ’-vvv’ are also accepted yielding greater verbosity.

       -V     print out version string

       -?     output usage message. Ignore all other parameters.

       Various log pages hold information  error  rates,  device  temperature,
       start  stop cycles since device produced and the results of the last 20
       self tests. Self tests can be initiated  by  the  sg_senddiag  utility.
       The  smartmontools  package provides much of the information found with
       sg_logs in a form suitable for monitoring the health of SCSI disks  and
       tape drives.

       Here is a list of log pages that are decoded by this utility. [Drop the
       "0x" prefix when using them as an argument to the ’-p=’ option]:

       0x0     Supported log pages
       0x1     Buffer overrun/underrun
       0x2     Write error counter
       0x3     Read error counter
       0x4     Read reverse error counter
       0x5     Verify error counter
       0x6     Non-medium error
       0x7     Last n error events
       0x8     Format status (sbc-2)
       0xb     Last n deferred errors or asynchronous events
       0xc     Sequential access device (ssc-2)
       0xd     Temperature
       0xe     Start-stop cycle counter
       0x10    Self-test results
       0x17    Non-volatile cache
       0x18    Protocol specific port (SAS transport)
       0x2f    Informational exceptions
       0x37    Seagate cache (vendor, disk)
       0x3e    Seagate factory (vendor, disk)

       In the 2.4 series of Linux kernels the given  device  must  be  a  SCSI
       generic  (sg)  device.  In the 2.6 series block devices (e.g. disks and
       SCSI DVDs) can also be specified. For  example  "sg_logs  -a  /dev/sda"
       will work in the 2.6 series kernels.


       Written by Doug Gilbert


       Report bugs to <dgilbert at interlog dot com>.


       Copyright © 2002-2005 Douglas Gilbert
       This  software  is  distributed  under  the  GPL version 2. There is NO
       warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY  or  FITNESS  FOR  A  PARTICULAR


       smartctl(smartmontools: see net), sg_senddiag(sg3_utils)