Provided by: sg3-utils_1.17-2_i386 bug


       sg_write_long - send the SCSI command write long


       sg_write_long    [--help]   [--in=<name>]   [--lba=<num>]   [--verbose]
       [--version] [--xfer_len=<num>] <scsi_device>


       Send WRITE LONG command to a  Linux  SCSI  device.  The  buffer  to  be
       written  to the device is filled with 0xff bytes or read from the given
       file. This buffer includes the sector data and the ECC bytes.

       This utility can be used to generate  a  MEDIUM  ERROR  at  a  specific
       logical  block  address.  This  can  be  useful  for  testing. Prior to
       testing, the sg_dd utility could be used to copy the original  contents
       of  the  logical block address to some safe location. After testing the
       sg_dd utility could be used to write back the original contents of  the
       logical  block  address.  An  alternate  strategy  would be to read the
       "long" contents of the logical block address with sg_read_long  utility
       prior to testing and restore it with this utility after testing.

       --help | -h
              output the usage message then exit.

       --in=<name> | -i <name>
              read  data  (binary)  from  given file <name> and use it for the
              WRITE LONG SCSI command. If <name> is "-" then stdin is read. If
              this option is not given then a buffer of 0xff bytes is written.

       --lba=<num> | -l <num>
              the logical block address of the sector to corrupt. Defaults  to
              lba  0 which is a dangerous block to overwrite on a disk that is
              in use.  Assumed to be in decimal  unless  prefixed  with  ’0x’.
              Only 32 bit lbas currently supported.

       --verbose | -v
              increase the degree of verbosity (debug messages).

       --version | -V
              output version string then exit.

       --xfer_len=<num>|-x <num>
              the  transfer  length  in  bytes  (default to 520). If the given
              value (or the default) does not match the "long" block  size  of
              the device, nothing is written to the device and the appropriate
              xfer_len value is derived from the error  response  and  printed
              (to stderr).

       The  lba  and  xfer_len  numerical  arguments  may  be  followed by the
       following multiplicative suffixes: c C *1; w W *2; b B *512;  k  K  KiB
       *1,024;  KB  *1,000;  m  M  MiB  *1,048,576;  MB  *1,000,000;  g  G GiB
       *1,073,741,824; and GB *1,000,000,000 .  Also  a  suffix  of  the  form
       "x<n>" multiplies the leading number by <n>.

       Alternatively  numerical values can be given in hexadecimal preceded by
       either "0x" or "0X". When hex numbers are given multipliers  cannot  be


       To  read  from  a  defective sector (that, for example, has been filled
       with 0xff bytes by this utility) use:

         sg_dd if=<scsi_device> skip=<lba> of=/dev/null bs=512 count=1

       To overwrite to a defective sector use:

         sg_dd of=<scsi_device> seek=<lba> if=/dev/zero bs=512 count=1

       This will result in a sector (block) with 512 bytes of  0x0  without  a
       MEDIUM ERROR since the ECC and associated data will be well formed.

       The  10  byte  WRITE  LONG SCSI command is implemented (not the 16 byte
       variant). This limits the logical block address to a 32 bit quantity.

       If recoverable errors are being injected (e.g. only one or a  few  bits
       changed  so  that the ECC is able to correct the data) then care should
       be taken with the settings in the  "read  write  error  recovery"  mode
       page.   Specifically  if  the ARRE (for reads) and/or AWRE (for writes)
       all set then recovered errors will cause the lba to be reassigned  (and
       the  old  location  to  be added to the grown defect list). This is not
       easily reversed and uses the (finite number) of spare blocks sets aside
       for  this  purpose. If in doubt it is probably safest to clear the ARRE
       and AWRE bits. These bits can be  checked  and  modified  with  sginfo,
       sg_modes and sg_wr_mode.


       Written by Saeed Bishara.


       Report bugs to <dgilbert at interlog dot com>.


       Copyright © 2004-2005 Douglas Gilbert
       This  software  is  distributed  under  the  GPL version 2. There is NO
       warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY  or  FITNESS  FOR  A  PARTICULAR


       sg_read_long, sg_dd, sginfo, sg_modes, sg_wr_mode(all in sg3_utils)